Unit3 Art and architecture

作者:Unit3 Art and architecture 来源:未知 2021-04-19   阅读:

Unit3Artandarchitecture【本章重点难点】Ⅰ.Hotwordsandhotphrases常用词与常用词组1.Architecturelooksattheman-mad

Unit3 Art and architecture

【本章重点难点】

Ⅰ.Hot words and hot phrases常用词与常用词组

1.Architecture looks at the man-made living environment.(P.19)

look at在此句中的用法

2....who wanted to change society with buildings that went against people's feeling of beauty.(P.19)

动词词组go agaiUnit3 Art and architecturenst的内涵及用法

3.Modern buildings impress us because they are huge...(P.19)

动词impress的用法

4.But in the choice of materials and shape of buildings,ancient architecture stands much closer to nature.(P.20)

词组in the choice of的意义和用法

5.Despite using traditional materials,Gaudi was a modern architect.(P.20)

介词despite的意义和用法

6.Most of Gaudi's works were constructed in and round Barcelona.(P.20)

动词construct的意义和用法

7.Frank Lloyd Wright,who built an art museum in New York,found himself inspired by Japanese seashells.(P.20)

动词inspire的意义和用法

8.They are decorated with small round windows that remind us of ships,bent roofs,...(P.23)

动词decorate的意义和用法;动词词组remind sb. of sth.的意义和用法

9.The simple style of the buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture.(P.23)

动词词组set...aside的意义和用法

10....so that people in the neighborhood are not disturbed when rock musicians move in and practice for a concert.(P.24)

动词disturb和interrupt在意义和用法上的区别

Ⅱ.Language points and grammar focus语言点和语法重点

A.Language points语言点

1.When you look around at buildings,streets,squares and parks,you will find them designed,planned and built in different styles.(P.19)

“find+宾语+现在分词”与“find+宾语+过去分词”在内涵上的区别和各自的用法

2.Looking at the architecture by Gaudi is like a dream,full of fantastic colours and shapes.(P.20)

“full of...”形容词性的词组用作非限制性定语时的用法

3.Viewed from the top,it looks as if the stadium is covered by a gray net of steel,...(P.20)

分词短语作状语时,其逻辑主语应是句子的主语

4.The simple style of buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture.(P.23)

that在同位语和定语从句中不同的内涵及用法

5.Until very recently,most of the workshops in Factory 798 stood empty.(P.23)

半系动词stand的内涵及用法

6.Many large cities...have had experiments of this kind,with old factories turned into successful art centers.(P.24)

介词短语with+宾语+现在分词/过去分词/不定式,不同非谓语动词所表达的不同内涵及用法

B.Grammar focus语法重点

The Past Participle used as Object Complement用作宾补的过去分词

Ⅲ.Skills of the four essential abilities:listening,speaking,reading and writing听、说、读、写四项基本能力的学习技巧

1.Listening:Try to define the details of a long dialogue such as time,a place and an incident

确定较长对话中涉及的时间、地点与事件等细节

2.Speaking:Talk about art and architecture谈论艺术与建筑

3.Reading:Mastering the accurate meanings of some key words is the foundation of having a good understanding of some difficult

sentences掌握词的确切词义,是正确理解句意的基础

4.Writing:How to write an introduction according to a floor plan

如何根据建筑物的平面画写一篇介绍性短文

【难点解析】

Ⅰ.Hot words and hot phrases常用词与常用词组

1.Architecture looks at the man-made living environment.(P.19)

译文:建筑学关注的是人造生活环境。

[讲解]本句采用了拟人的修辞方法(personification),把architecture人性化。look at在本句中意为“考虑、关注(consider)”;此外还有“看待(regard)”、“对待(judge)”、“检查、察看(examine to see if it is good or correct)”等意思。

[例句]

I won't look at such a simple matter.

我不愿考虑这样简单的事情。

We must look at the question from all sides.

我们应该从各个方面考虑这个问题。

You should look at your work attentively.你应认真对待你的工作。

You ought to have your bad teeth looked at.

你应去检查一下你的坏牙。

2....who wanted to change society with buildings that went against people's feeling of beauty.(P.19)

译文:他们希望用背离人们审美标准的建筑改变社会。

[讲解]go against有三个意思。①违背,反对(to act in opposition to);②对(某人)不利(to be in favorable to sb.)③与……相反;与……不符。

[例句]

She went against her own wishes.她违背了她自己的意志。

The opinion is going against us.舆论对我们不利。

The case may go against you这个案子对你不利。

It went against my principles to work for this company.

为这家公司工作违背了我的原则。

[讲解]against的用法总结:

be against a plan(反对计划)/sail against the wind(逆风行船)/stand against the door(靠门而立)/go against the law(违背法律)/be against one's will(违背心愿)/protect(defend)sb. against(from)...(保护……免受)/warn sb. against doing sth...(警告……不……)/Her red clothes stand out clearly against the snow.(她的红色衣服在白雪中格外显眼)/The rain beat against the window.(雨点打在了窗户上)。

3.Modern buildings impress us because they are huge...(P.19)

译文:现代建筑之所以打动我们是因为它们的宏大……

[讲解]impress中的im根义为“in”,press的根义为“按、压”。因此impress原意为:压入;按入→vt.①(具体)印、压(盖)印;②(抽象)给……深刻印象;使感动;使佩服;③铭记;铭刻。常用句型:impress sth on sb./one's mind;impress sb. with sth.。

[例句或例词]impress a seal in wax把印章印在蜡上

We are very impressed by his behavior.我们被他的行为所打动。

My father impressed on me the value of hard work.=My father impressed me with the value of hard work.我父亲让我牢记工作的重要性。

4.But in the choice of materials and shape of buildings,ancient architecture stands much closer to nature.(P.20)

译文:在选择建筑材料和形状方面,古代建筑更接近自然。

[讲解]in the choice of意为“在选择……方面”。choice n.①选择(可数或不可数名词);②被选出的人或东西(可数名词),常和for,as连用;③可供选择的品种。

[例句]

I bet we've made a good choice.我确信我们做了一个好的选择。

As to language learning,he was given a choice between English and France.至于语言学习,他被提供了两项选择--英语或法语。

I didn't work all night.-I did it by choice.

我不是非得整夜工作--我是自己选择这样做。

He was a very good choice as chairman.他是作主席的最好人选。

5.Despite using traditional materials,Gaudi was a modern architect.(P.20)

译文:尽管用了传统材料,高迪在人们心目中仍是现代派建筑师。

[讲解]despite prep.意为:in spite of;not prevented by不管,尽管,任凭。

[例句]

He came to the meeting despite/in spite of the rain.=He came to the meeting,although it rained.=It rained.However,he came to the meeting.=It rained.He came to the meeting,though.尽管下雨,他还是到会了。

6.Most of Gaudi's works were constructed in and round Barcelona.(P.20)

译文:高迪的大部分作品都建筑在巴塞罗那及周围。

[讲解]construct v. build(sth);put or fit together;form建筑;建造(某物);形成。

[例词]construct a factory/an airplane/a sentence/a modal建工厂;造飞机;造句子;制作模型

7.Frank Lloyd Wright,who built an art museum in New York,found himself inspired by Japanese seashells.(P.20)

译文:弗兰克劳埃德赖特设计了纽约的艺术博物馆,是日本的海贝壳激发了他的灵感。

[讲解]inspire v. in 根义:注入。①注入精神→鼓舞,激励;②注入灵气→给……灵感;启迪;启示。

[例句]

His noble example inspired the rest of us to great effort.

他的高尚的榜样激发了我们大家更加努力。

It inspired him with courage.这事鼓起了他的勇气。

My father inspired me with a love of knowledge.

我的父亲鼓励我爱好学问。

The beautiful scenery of the West Lake inspired him to write this famous poem.西湖美景给了他灵感写出了这首著名的诗篇。

8.They are decorated with small round windows that remind us of ships,bent roofs,...(P.23)

译文:它们被小圆窗装点,还能让你联想到轮船、穹顶……

[讲解]decorate v.装饰、装修(make sth. more beautiful or attractive by sth.(not because it is necessary)。常用句型decorate...with sth.;如宾语是人,意为:授予某人荣誉标志(勋章)。

[例句或例词]

a Christmas tree decorated with colored lights装饰着彩灯的圣诞树

He was decorated for his bravery.他因勇敢而被授予勋章。

[讲解]remind v.①使某人想起,常用remind sb. of sth.句型②提醒某人做某事,常用remind sb. to do sth.句型。

[例句]

He reminds me of his brother.他使我想起了他哥哥。

This song reminded me of my childhood.=This song recalled me of my childhood.=This song called up the memory of my childhood.这首歌使我想起了我的童年。

Do I have to remind you?我必须提醒你吗?

That(what you've said)reminds me.I must feed the cat.

对啦!我该喂猫了。

9.The simple style of the buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture.(P.23)

译文:建筑物风格简朴且有德国特色,使之与中国建筑风格迥然不同。

[讲解]set aside意为:把……放在一边,引申为“不理会=ignore,不顾某事”。

[例句]

Don't set aside his wishes in the matter.不要忽视他对此事的愿望。

The complaint was set aside as no importance.

(对方的)诉苦被看成无所谓的事而被放在一边。

She set aside her book and lit a cigarette.

她把书放在一边,点了一支香烟。

10....so that people in the neighborhood are not disturbed when rock musicians move in and practice for a concert.(P.24)

译文:……目的是当乐师们搬进来为音乐会排练时,邻居不被打扰。

[讲解]disturb vt.①焦虑不安,常用于be disturbed to do sth.(由于做了某事而焦虑不安);②扰乱、惊动、搅乱;interrupt vt.打断、中断。因此disturb强调“扰”;interrupt强调“断”。

[例句]

He was disturbed to hear of your illness.听到你生病他焦虑不安。

Don't disturb the papers on my desk.不要把我桌上的文件弄乱。

She opened the door quietly so as not to disturb the sleeping child.

她轻轻打开门为的是不把睡梦中的小孩弄醒。

Don't interrupt the speaker now;he will answer questions later.

现在不要打断他的话,他稍候再回答问题。

We interrupt this programme to bring you a new flash.

我们中断节目,报告新闻快讯。

Ⅱ.Language points and grammar focus语言点与语法重点

A.Language points语言点

师:下面我将依次讲解在此栏目中点击的六个难点。

1.When you look around at buildings,streets,squares and parks,you will find them designed,planned and built in different styles.(P.19)

译文:当你环视一下周围的大楼、大街、广场、公园,你就会发现它们的设计、规划、建设上都风格各异。

[讲解]“find+宾语+现在分词”与“find+宾语+过去分词”在内涵和用法上有很大的区别。首先,现在分词作宾语补足语,①与前面的宾语是逻辑上的主动关系;②现在分词表示动作的持续性、未完性。过去分词作宾语补足语,①与前面的宾语是逻辑上的被动关系;②过去分词表示动作的完成。

[例句]

We found him waiting to receive us.

我们发现他们在等着欢迎我们。(him与wait是逻辑上的主动关系)

Dusk found the little boy crying in the street.

黄昏时,那小男孩被发现正在大街上哭。

She found the house repaired,when she went back home.当她回家时发现房子已被修好。(the house与repair是逻辑上的被动关系)。

2.Looking at the architecture by Gaudi is like a dream,full of fantastic colours and shapes.(P.20)

译文:看高迪的建筑作品仿佛就像在梦幻中一样,--色彩斑斓,形状各异。

[讲解]英语中,定语有限制性和非限制性之分。对其修饰的名词来说是不可缺少的定语,叫限制性定语;反之,对其修饰的名词只是一种补充说明作用,叫非限制性定语,非限制性定语往往与前面的名词用逗号隔开。本句中full of...是对前面名词dream起补充说明作用,因此为非限制性定语。

[例句]

He had many pencils,red and blue.他有许多铅笔,有红有蓝。

He entered his room,dirty and messy.

他进了他自己的屋子,又脏又乱。

3.Viewed from the top,it looks as if the stadium is covered by a gray net of steel,...

译文:从顶部看,体育馆就像被一层灰色的金属网覆盖。

[讲解]分词短语作状语时,其逻辑主语应是句子的主语。下面看一道例题:

Hearing the news,__________________.

A.tears came to his eyes B.he burst into tears.

A、B两项都表“热泪盈眶”,然而分词作了状语,它的逻辑主语必须和主句的主语保持一致,A项中的主语tear不可能会听消息,所以不正确;而B项的主语是he,逻辑上是很通顺的,所以B才是本题的答案。

4.The simple style of buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture.

译文:建筑物风格简朴且有德国特色,使之与中国建筑风格迥然不同。

[讲解]定语从句和同位语从句都可由that引导,但用法却有很大区别。①定语从句对前面的名词起修饰限制作用,因此定语从句是个残缺的句子,that在定语从句中要充当成分;而同位语从句和前面的名词是同位关系,that从句所表达的内容就是前面名词的内容,所以同位语从句是完整的。前面名词与同位语从句可以对调。②一般来说,同位语从句前面的名词往往是:fact,news,idea,truth,hope,problem,information等。现举例说明:You can't get around the fact that it's against the law.(同位语从句)

He made a promise that he'll lend us some money.(同位语从句)

He made a promise that inspired us greatly.(定语从句)

5.Until very recently,most of the workshops in Factory 798 stood empty.(P.20)

译文:直到最近,798厂的大部分厂房仍然被闲置。

[讲解]英语中除verb to be外,还有一些其他的系动词,有表变化的,有表感官的,有表静态的,本句中的stand属于表静态的半系动词,此外还有:sit,remain,keep,stay,lie等。注意:这些半系动词后要加形容词作表语。

[例句]

He is standing/sitting/lying still.

他一动不动地站/坐/躺在那儿。

He remains/keeps weak.他仍很弱。

6.Many large cities...have had experiments of this kind,with old factories turned into successful art centers.(P.24)

译文:许多大城市……已经做了这样的实验,把旧工厂成功地变成艺术中心。

[讲解]“介词with+宾语+宾语补足语”我们常称之为“with的复合结构”,在句中充当状语。它可以作方式、伴随、原因、条件状语。但介词with+宾语+现在分词/过去分词/不定式,用法却有很大区别。现在分词作宾语补足语表示与前面的宾语有逻辑上的主动关系,且表示此动作的持续性、未完性;过去分词作宾语补足语表示与前面的宾语有逻辑上的被动关系,且表示此动作已完成;不定式作宾语补足语表示此动作未开始。

[例句]

With everything bought,he went home happily.

一切东西都买好了,他高高兴兴回家了。(表时间)

Our school looks more beautiful with all the flowers coming out.

所有的鲜花开放了,我们的校园更美了。(表条件)

With the boy leading the way,we had little difficulty finding she school.

有了那个男孩子领路,我们没费多大的劲就找到了学校。(表原因)

With weather permitting,we will go on a picnic.

如时间允许,我们将进行一次野餐。(表条件)

With him to help me I am sure I can do it well.

由他帮我,我肯定能做好。(表原因)

B.Grammar focus语法重点

The Past Participle used as Object Complement

用作宾补的过去分词

本单元的语法项目是过去分词作宾补,你能把它的用法讲解一下吗?

师:过去分词作宾补,与前面的宾语有逻辑上的被动关系且表动作的完成。

1)作表感觉或心理状态的动词的宾补,它们是:see,hear,watch,feel,find,think等

We hear the music played by the band.我们听了乐队演奏这首乐曲。

I found her greatly changed.我发现她变化很大。

Everybody thought the battle lost.人人都认为这场战役输掉了。

2)作使役动词的宾补,它们是:make,keep,leave,have,get,help等

When you speak,you have to make yourself understood.

说话时要让人听懂。

Please keep us informed of the latest development.

请随时向我们通报事态的最新发展。

I must get my bike repaired.我必须请人修自行车。

3)作表希望或要求的动词的宾补,它们是:want,like,wish,prefer,need,declare,report,order,acknowledge等。这种用法与不定式的被动形式作宾补基本相同。

I don't want any of you(to be)involved in the scandal.

我不要你们任何人牵涉到丑闻中去。

The viewers wish the serial film(to be)continued.

观众们希望这部系列片继续下去。

She needs the work(to be)done before tomorrow.

他要此项工程明天以前完成。

Ⅲ.Skills of the four essential abilities:listening,speaking,reading and writing听、说、读、写四项基本能力的学习技巧

1.Listening skills听力技巧

Try to define the details of a long dialogue such as the time,the place or the incident.

确定较长对话中涉及的时间、地点与事件等细节。

较长对话的听力题除了有您在前两节讲授的固定设问外,经常还有一些针对对话中的细节发问的题目,应对这类听力题有什么技巧吗?

师:首先我们应该搞清楚除了前两节讲的那些固定设问外,针对较长对话发问的有哪些细节?

这些细节无非是地点、时间、数字或被谈论的人或事?

师:那么针对这些细节的设问有其固定的设问形式吗?

我们在第一章的简短对话中学习并练习过它们固定的设问形式及应对它们的解题技巧。只是针对地点发问的疑问词一律是where或what place...?凡是针对时间细节发问的疑问词一律是when或what time...?凡是针对可数名词的数量这一细节发问的疑问词一律用how many或what is the number of...?凡是针对不可数名词的数量这一细节发问的疑问词一律用how much...?凡是针对被谈论到的人或事这一细节设问的疑问词一律用whom或what...?您看我掌握的这些设问词正确吗?

师:应该知道可能被检测的细节还有我们在第一章已学过的其他一些细节。例如:做事的方式、动作持续的时间长度、距离、一段时间做某事的次数等等。在此对那些设问使用的疑问词没必要再一一赘述。但现在的问题是怎样才能更好地在规定的短暂时间内通过审题把握这两个甚至更多的设问的内在联系。更重要的是在听这类较长对话时,如何迅速听懂并很好理解这些对话,如何很好地在规定的短暂时间内正确做出判断。这些能力是我们必须具备的。要想具备这些能力,我们要解决以下四个问题:

1.通过熟悉各种设问形式,迅速确定要考查细节的检测点;

2.通过审读题干及其下面的选项尽可能多地获取即将听到的对话的信息,分析两个设问里暗示的内在联系,尤其要注意从第二个设问及其选项里获取的信息;

3.听对话录音时,首先要能把握住对话的中心话题,对话双方的人物关系,虽然这些内容不是检测点,但对更准确地理解对话中被检测的细节大有裨益;

4.听对话录音时,要特别注意设问句中的主语是男还是女,从而确定自己的听音重点,而且要能对被检测的细节内容听得十分具体与精细。

请您以实例演示一下您刚讲授的这四个要点在实践中的具体运用过程。

师:请看下例:

1.What are the two speakers most probably doing?

A.At work.

B.At lunch.

C.On research about healthy food.

2.Why does the woman refuse the man's offer?

A.Because she is broke.

B.Because she's on a diet.

C.Because she's having a stomachache.

请告诉我您能从审读题干及选项中获取哪些信息?

从审读题干的设问与它们下面的选项,我得知对话双方在进行这段对话的同时还在做另外一件事,这件事有三种可能性:A项表示的是“在工作”,B项表示的是“在用午餐”,C项表示的是“在对健康食品进行研究”,从第二个设问中我得到的信息是对话中的女方拒绝了男方的请求,要检测的是她拒绝男方请求的原因。选项提供的原因如下:A项表示的原因是女方囊中羞涩,B项表示的原因是女方正在节制饮食,C项表示的原因是女方眼下正在受胃痛之苦。

师:那么两个设问及其选项中间有什么内在联系呢?

我现在真找不到它们的内在联系,请您给予赐教。

师:女方拒绝男方请求的原因,根据逻辑推理,哪项活动与他们进行对话的同时所做之事最可能有联系呢?

从第一个设问下的三个选项的内容上看,后两个选项的内容有些共同之处--都与食物有关,从第二个设问下面三个选项的内容上看,也是后两个选项的内容有共同之处--节食与胃痛,仍与进餐有关。

师:如果能在审读题干及选项的过程中,在规定的时间内迅速抓住这些要点,那就基本具备了较好的审题能力。剩下的是我们在听对话录音时,来验证我们刚做的推断。请听下面这段对话:

M:Another piece of meat pie for your meal.It's about six hours before supper.

W:No,thanks really.I'm on a diet.

M:Please do.You've hardly eaten anything.

W:It's delicious,but I don't think I ought to.

M:Can't I tempt you at all?

W:Well,maybe I could manage a very small piece of fish.

我选的第1题与第2题的答案都是B项。因为对话录音是以男方让女方在用餐中再吃块肉饼的请求开始,随后他解释道:到吃晚饭还有6个小时左右。随后女方拒绝了男方的请求,并解释说她正在节制饮食。接下来男方继续恳求,但女方仍然继续拒绝。其实没完全听完这段录音,我已做出判断。

师:应该说正确审题是做好听力题的前提与基础,听懂其对话内容,抓住其关键之处,来验证或否定自己的判断,如果否定了自己原本的判断,就应重新做出判断,这是得到正确答案的关键。

2.Oral practice口语训练

Talk about art and architecture

谈论艺术与建筑

我们怎样才能用英语较好地谈论艺术与建筑呢?

师:通过本单元的学习,我们应该知道艺术与建筑的关系是水乳交融的关系,艺术溶汇于建筑。所以不同的文化与不同阶段产生了不同的建筑。要用英语谈论艺术与建筑,就必须了解并掌握一些有关建筑物与艺术的词汇及其表达方式。

建筑与建筑物名称的英语词汇与表达方式如下:

architecture建筑 architect建筑师

palace宫殿 Gothic哥特式

church教堂 cathedral天主教堂

mosque清真寺 temple寺庙

grotto石窟 pagoda塔(与宗教相关)

tower塔 arch拱门,拱洞

hall大厅,大礼堂 altar祭坛

castle城堡 column柱

edifice大厦 pyramid金字塔

monument纪念碑 stele石碑

memorial arch牌楼 marble bridge大理石桥

pillar支撑屋顶带有装饰物的柱子 column柱子

corridor走廊 gallery走廊,通道

museum博物馆 pavilion亭,榭

suspension bridge斜拉索桥 house房子

style样式 design设计

flat单元房

建筑材料的名称与描写建筑物的形容词:

grand宏伟的 unique独特的

stone石头 wood石头

brick砖头 earth泥土

steel钢材 concrete水泥

glass玻璃 plastics塑料

modern现代的 traditional传统的

了解并掌握了这些词汇与表达方式后,我们在什么场合下使用它们谈论建筑与艺术呢?

师:在旅游观光与选择住房时,经常要谈论建筑与艺术这两个话题。在本单元的【同步达纲练习】中,尤其是在今后的真实的语言交际活动中,应尽力使用这些词汇与表达方式表达自己对建筑与艺术的观点。

3.Reading skills阅读技巧

Mastering the accurate meanings of some key words is the foundation of having a good understanding of some difficult sentences

掌握词的确切词义是正确理解句意的基础

师:与汉语一样,英语中很多词是一词多义的,尤其是那些常用词更是有很多不同的词义,所以在平常的学习中,要特别注意对词汇多义性的学习。要手勤,只要在原著中碰到你感到与你的理解有悖或不太通顺时,就应立刻查阅词典。如果读到这样的句子:Tom got overwhelmed with sorrow when his wife died because of difficult labour.这句中的overwhelm肯定是生词,查词典后,得知其词义是:感情被控制。那么got overwhelmed with sorrow的词义就是“极其悲伤”或“痛不欲生”了。假如把这句理解为“汤姆在他的妻子因艰难的劳动而死去时痛不欲生。”那就大错特错了。因为句中labour的词义是“分娩”,而difficult labour的词义是:难产。类似的例证不胜枚举,仅从此例便可看到掌握词的确切词义的重要性。

1.准确理解一些英语单词的确切内涵。例如:I'll just clear the plates away,then I'll have a rest.

[误]我要先把盘子里的东西倒掉,然后就休息。

[正]我要先把盘子拿走,然后就休息。

上句中的动词clear的确切内涵是正确理解此句的关键。clear在此语境中是动词,其词义为:remove sth.,take sth. away或get rid of sth.,其汉语释义是:把某物拿开,拿到别处去。所以理解此词义成了正确理解此句的核心。下面例句中加粗的词是正确理解它们的关键,请看:

(1)The doctor advises me not to smoke.

[误]大夫说服我把烟戒了。

[正]大夫劝我不要吸烟。

(3)We can't go out,it's too wet outside.

[误]外面太潮了,我们出不了门。

[正]外面雨太大了,我们出不了门。

(3)The patient worried us a lot.

[误]那个病人为我们很担心。

[正]那个病人使我们很担心。

(4)We'll go to the hospital to see the dying man.

[误]我们要到医院去看看那个死者。

[正]我们要到医院去看看那个生命垂危的人。

(5)Though the box was very heavy,he managed to carry it to the fifth floor.

[误]尽管那只箱子很沉,他还是尽力要把它搬上六楼。

[正]尽管那只箱子很沉,他还是设法把它搬到六楼。

2.要非常注意英语中一词多义给我们的理解带来的误差。例如:

(1)The young soldier stood there still.

[误]那个年轻的士兵仍然站在那里。

[正]那个年轻的士兵站在那里纹丝不动。

(2)We have no room for so many people on the ship.

[误]我们在船上没有给这么多人的房间。

[正]我们在船上没有装这么多人的空间。

(3)His right arm hurt a lot last night.

[误]昨晚他的右臂受了很多的伤。

[正]昨晚他的右臂疼痛得厉害。

(4)The dog is too dear on the market.

[误]在市场上这只狗太可爱了。

[正]在市场上这只狗的价格太贵了。

(5)He's the last person I thought would come.

[误]他是我认为要来的最后那个人。

[正]他是我认为最不可能来的人。

(6)The key was left on the table.

[误]那把钥匙在桌子的左边。

[正]那把钥匙被落在桌子上。

(7)Do you know the late changes in the government?

[误]你知道政府里那些迟到的变化吗?

[正]你知道政府中不久前的变动吗?

(8)Her aunt used to be a wet nurse in the old days.

[误]在旧社会她的姨娘是个潮湿的护士。

[正]在旧社会她的姨娘是个奶妈。

4.Writing capacities书面表达能力

How to write an introduction according to a floor plan

如何根据建筑平面图写一篇介绍短文

请您讲授怎样才能根据建筑的平面图写一篇介绍性短文。

师:本单元学习的主题是:艺术与建筑,我们应学以致用,学用结合。首先在口语训练中介绍的那些词汇与表达方式对我们这种写作大有益处。

在掌握了这些词汇与表达方式后,就应仔细看清平面图上标记的那些建筑物的位置、面积、高度、形状和特点。然后用适当的表达方式来描述这些建筑物给人视觉留下的印象。表示方位、面积、高度、形状和特点的英语表达方式如下:

in the east/west/north/south在东/西/南/北边

on the right/left side of...在……右/左边

in front of...在……前边

in the front of...在……的前部

behind...在……后面

at the back of...在……后部

opposite...在……对面

across在……对面

by the side of...在……边上

square metre(s)/kilometre(s)平方米/公里

hectare公顷/一万平方米

height高度 shape形状

round圆的 square方的

oval椭圆的 triangle三角形的

arch拱形的 feature特性

使用这些词表达自己的意思时,最好查查词典,确定这些词的用法,这样就可以写出地道的英语短文。

【同步达纲练习】

Ⅰ.根据句意,在空白处填入既适合语境又在语法上正确的单词

1.The moment the plan came into effect,many people argue ___________it.

2.I'm wrestling with the problem.It is a very difficult___________.

3.Do as you like,____________my personal feelings.

4.He is a trouble-maker.What he did is always ____________his parents' wishes.

5.In order to ____________it on my memory,I had to repeat in every day.

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.People can't afford to buy expensive things ___________the price of daily goods going up.

A.as B.for

C.with D.since

2.A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ___________in the kitchen.(NMET 2003)

A.smoke B.smoking

C.to smoke D.smoked

3.You should impress what the teacher says ___________your mind.

A.on B.in

C.to D.with

4.___________using traditional materials,Gaudi was a modern architect.

A.Although B.Because of

C.Inspite of D./

5.Don't go __________your parents' wishes,which are usually beneficial(有益的)to you.

A.on B.against

C.with D.along

Ⅲ.阅读技巧

将下列句子译成汉语,尤其要注意每句里加粗的词,并把其词义单独注出。

1.The young man was very anxious for his wife in difficult labour.

2.I see that next week is clear,let's meet each other sometime then.

3.Their prices are high because production costs are great.

4.He's such a well-known politician(政治家)because he has a great deal of colour.

5.“Of course you can bring your date to our party,Henry.You're over twenty,and you're a grown-up after all.But for you,Justin,I won't allow you to go out on dates.”Said Mrs Brown.

6.Patrik threw away the shabby sofa bed because it had not much spring in the cushion(床垫).

Ⅳ.书面表达能力的练习

根据下图的提示及英语释义以《北海公园》为题,用英语写一篇介绍北京市内北海公园的介绍短文。

北海公园位于北京市内,在紫禁城的西北,始建于辽代,历经元、明、清,一直是皇家园林。全园占地面积七十公顷,其中一半以上被称为北海的湖泊覆盖。下面是北海公园的草图。

北海Beihai/North Sea 琼华岛Jade Islet

白塔White Dagoba 牌楼memorial arch

琼岛春荫Jade Islet Spring Shade(此字为乾隆皇帝题字)

仿膳饭庄Fangshan Restaurant

濠浦涧Buildings between Hao and Pu Streams

五龙亭Five-Dragon Pavillions

九龙壁Nine-Dragon Screen

万佛阁The Tower of Ten Thousand Buddhas

静心斋Heart-Ease Study

画舫斋Studio of Colourfully-Painted Boat

参考答案

【同步达纲练习】

Ⅰ.

1.against 意为“从这项计划刚一生效,就有很多人反对它。”

2.choice 意为“我对这个问题左右为难,真是太难选了。”

3.set aside 意为“你喜欢怎么做就怎么做,不要考虑我个人的感觉。”

4.against 意为“他是一个捣蛋鬼,所做事情经常违背他父母的意愿。”

5.impress 意为“为了把它牢记在心,我每天温习它。”

Ⅱ.

1.C 见language point 6。

2.B 见language point 1。

3.A 见hot words and phrases 3。

4.C 见hot words and phrases 5。

5.B 见hot words and phrases 2。

Ⅲ.

做这一道题中的句子翻译时,你会感到确切掌握词义的重要性,因为确切掌握词义是正确理解句意的基础。如果对词义只知其一,不知其二、其三或四,就是译出汉语来,自己对译出的句子也会有不伦不类的感觉。下面是以上六题的译文答案:

1.那个年轻男子那时很为他的难产的太太着急。

anxious adj.着急,发愁 labour n. 分娩

2.我知道下星期会有空,那时找个时间见面吧。

clear adj. empty,with nothing on it空的,没有事物占据的

3.因为生产成本很高,所以价格也很高。

cost n. 成本

4.他是一个很有名的政治家,因为他很有气质。

colour n. behaviour of a person that interest the mind or eye and excite imagination气质,风采

5.布朗太太说:“亨利,你当然可以带你的女朋友来参加我们的聚会,你二十多岁了,毕竟是个成年人。可是对你,贾斯汀,我不能允许你外出去和女友约会。”

date n.约会对象;未婚异性间的约会。

6.帕垂克把那张破沙发床扔掉了,因为那床垫没有什么弹性。

spring不可数名词,弹性。

Ⅳ.

Beihai Park

Beihai Park is located in the city of Beijing.It lies to the northwest of the Forbidden City.This park began to be built in 1179(Liao dynasty)and additions were made during the following dynasties,such as the Yuan dynasty,Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty.It covers a total area of over 70 hectares,more than half of it is taken up the lake called the north sea.In the centre of the lake is an islet named Jade Islet.Atop the islet stands a beautiful white dagoba.Southeast to the dagoba is a pavillion in which stands a stele with the calligraphy by Emperor Qianlong:Jade Islet Spring Shade.On the west side of the islet lie some buildings between Hao and Pu Streams.Therefore they were named Haopujian.On the north side of the islet stands Eangshan Restaurant.Across the lake and on the side stand five beautiful pavillions connected to one another.These five pavillions are called Five-Dragon Pavillion.The Tower of Ten Thousand Buddhas is to the west of the pavillions while the Nine-Dragon Screen to the east,still further to the east is the Heart-Ease Study.East to the lake there is the studio of Colourfully-Painted Boat,where art exhibitions are often held.A white marble arched bridge leads to the islet.Opposite the bridge stands a typical Chinese-style memorial arch.All the houses,towers,pavillions are arranged in harmonious design,so this park is just like a wonderland in human society.

【本章重点难点】

Ⅰ.Hot words and hot phrases常用词与常用词组

1.Poetry also calls up all the colours,feelings,experiences and curious images of a dream world.(P.27)

动词词组call up的词义和用法

2.Poems by Du Fu,Li Bai and Wang Wei among others stand out in the halls of Glory.(P.27)

动词词组stand out及形容词out-standing的词义和用法

3.Modern English started around the time of Shakespeare,towards the end of the 16th century.(P.28)

名词time的词义及其构成的常用介词短语用法

4.His sonnets,however,belong to the best English poetry.(P.28)

动词词组belong to的词义和用法

5.Chinese readers admire their works because of their use of surprising images that reminds them of the works of poets such as Su Dongpo.(P.28)

动词词组admire的词义和用法;表示原因的介词because of等词的用法

6.Once published,his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line.(P.28)

名词absence及其同源形容词absent的用法

7.The style and atmosphere in their poems has often led to comparisons with poets such as Du Fu and Li Bai.(P.28)

名词atmosphere和comparison的词义及用法

8.Besides,no matter how well translated,something of the spirit of the original is lost.(P.28)

besides,except,but在内涵上的区别及各自用法;形容词original的词义及用法

9.Reading poetry in English also opens the door to finding new ways of expressing yourself in Chinese.(P.28)

动词express的词义及用法

10.Quietly,we embrace.In a world lit up by words.(P.28)

动词embrace的词义和用法

11.Modern English came into being from about the middle of 16th century.(P.28)

动词词组came into being的词义和用法

12.I also like reading,though I used to avoid poetry.(P.31)

动词avoid的词义和用法

13.I started with small poems,but now I most like long poems.(P.31)

动词词组start with和start as在意义和用法的区别

14.Ask your teacher to recommend poems to you.(P.32)

动词recommend的词义和用法

15.Collect your favorite poems in a notebook and ask your friends to contribute to it.(P.32)

动词contribute的词义和用法

Ⅱ.Language points and grammar focus语言点与语法重点

A.Language points语言点

1.But whether buses or trains,or boarding aeroplanes,there wasn't door she'd get through.(P.25)

由whether...or...引导的让步状语的用法

2.Shakespeare is most famous for his plays.(P.25)

Most famous中的most表示“最”的词义与使用方法

3.Usually remembered for other work than their poetry are eighteenth century poets such as Pope and Johnson.(P.28)

Greatly loved in China,are the English Romantic poets.(P.28)

两个由过去分词置于句首引起的倒装句

4.More and more people are interested to read modern poetry in English.(P.28)

be interested to do sth.与be interested in doing sth.的区别及用法

5.Reading poetry in English also opens the door to finding new ways of expressing yourself in Chinese.(P.28)

介词to后表示有动作的意味时,该词用其动名词形式

B.Grammar focus语法重点

The Past Participle used as Adverbial

用作状语的过去分词

Ⅲ.Skills of the four essential abilities:Listening,speaking,reading and writing听、说、读、写四项基本能力的学习技巧

1.Listening:Make clear about the desire,request or the matter one side will deal with in a long dialogue

明确较长对话中一方的愿望、请求或即将要做的事

2.Speaking:Express one's intention and decision

表达一个人的意图和决定

3.Reading:Mastering the accurate meaning of some key phrases is the foundation of having a good understanding of some difficult sentences(2)

掌握词组的确切词义是正确理解句子的基础(2)

4.Writing:How to write an introduction or a review of a poem

如何写一首诗的介绍和评论

【难点解析】

Ⅰ.Hot words and hot phrases常用词与常用词组

1.Poetry also calls up all the colours,feelings,experiences and curious images of a dream world.(P.27)

译文:诗歌还能汇集梦中世界的一切色彩,感情,经历和各种奇妙的意向。

[讲解]call up ①ring up;telephone打电话

②征召……入伍

③(使)回想起;把召唤回来

[例句]

I'll call you up this evening.=I'll telephone you this evening.=I'll ring you up this evening.=I'll give you a call this evening.今晚我给你打电话。

He was called up in 1999.他于1999年入伍。

This song calls up memory of my childhood.=This song reminds me of my childhood.这首歌使我回想起我的童年。

[讲解]中学阶段应掌握的call短语还有:call for(demand,need要求、需要;来找某人),call out(呼喊),call in(叫……进来;招来),call on sb./call at a place(短暂拜访……),call back(回电话)。

2.Poems by Du Fu,Li Bai and Wang Wei among others stand out in the halls of Glory.(P.27)

译文:杜甫、李白、王维以及其他诗人的诗歌兀立在荣光宝殿之上。

[讲解]stand out[站立→鹤立鸡群]v.①突出;引人注目;②杰出;出色。同源词outstanding形容词,意为突出的,杰出的,显著的。

[例句或例词]

The new road sign is easy to read;the words stand out.

新路标易辨认,上面的字很醒目。

Among writers in China,LuXun stands out as a real master.

在中国作家中,鲁迅最为杰出,是一位真正的大师。

an outstanding young musician一位优秀的年轻的音乐家

3.Modern English started around the time of Shakespeare,towards the end of the 16th century.(P.28)

译文:现代英语诗歌开始于莎士比亚时代,即十六世纪末。

[讲解]time名词,意为①时间②(常用复数)时代。此外还有“次、回、倍”等意思。

[例句]

What time is it by your watch?你的表几点了?

Take the medicine three times a day.服此药一天三次。

The bag is 3 times the size of that one.这个包大小是那个包的三倍。

Mao Zedong's time(s)毛泽东时代

4.His sonnets,however,belong to the best English poetry.(P.28)

译文:然而他的十四行诗是英国诗歌中的至尊瑰宝。

[讲解]belong to意为“属于-to be a member of...;to be connected with...”

[例句]

The book belongs to me.=I own/have/possess the book.

这本书是我的。

That lid belongs to the jar.那个盖子是配这个坛子的。

What party do you belong to?你属于哪个团体?

5.Chinese readers admire their works because of their use of surprising images that reminds them of the works of poets such as Su Dongpo.(P.28)

译文:中国读者赞美他们,是因为他们作品中所用的令人惊奇的想像使他们想到像苏东坡那样的诗人的作品。

[讲解]admire动词“钦佩、赞美、羡慕”-to think of or look at...with pleasure and respect”。

[例句]

He is always looking in the mirror,admiring himself.

他常常对着镜子自我欣赏。

They admired our garden.他们称赞我们的花园。

I admired him for his success in business.我佩服他事业有成。

[讲解]because of介词“因为、由于”,类似的同义词或近义词有:owing to,due to,thanks to,on account of等。注意:介词后要用名词、代词、动名词:because是连词,后面跟句子。

[例句]

He was late because of the bad weather.=He was late on account of/due to/owing to the bad weather.=He was late because the weather was bad.由于坏天气,他迟到了。

6.Once published,his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line.(P.28)

译文:发行后,他的诗作因为行尾不押韵而大获其名。

[讲解]absent形容词①[表语]缺席、不在②[定语]心不在焉的

注意:be absent from + 地点表示“不在某地”

be absent in + 地点表示“外出去某地”

be absent from the meeting“缺席”

be absent in...当主语是无生命的名词时,意为“没有……”

[例句与例词]

an absent look on his face心不在焉的表情

He is absent in Europe.他现在外出在欧洲。

He is absent from Europe.他现在外出不在欧洲。

He is absent from the meeting.他开会缺席了。

He was absent from his work.他擅离职守。

Snow is absent in some countries.有些国家终年无雪。

[讲解]absence名词,意为“不在、缺席”。

[例句与例词]

His absence from school is worrying.他一再缺课真令人担心。

It happened during his absence.事情发生在他不在时。

In the absence of the manager,I shall be in charge.

经理不在时,由我负责。

The visitors to Venice notice at once the absence of noise.

去威尼斯的游客马上会发现那里没有噪音。

7.The style and atmosphere in their poems have often led to comparisons with poets such as Du Fu and Li Bai.(P.28)

译文:他们诗文中的风格和气氛经常使人们把他们的诗作与像杜甫、李白那些诗人的诗歌相比较。

[讲解]atmosphere名词,常用单数,意为“大气层;某一地方的空气;气氛、情绪”。

[例句与例词]

a smoky atmosphere烟雾腾腾

The talk went on in a friendly atmosphere.

会谈在友好的气氛中进行。

There is always an unpleasant atmosphere in the office.

办公室里总有一种令人不悦的气氛。

[讲解]comparison名词意为:相比、对比、对照。常用短语和句型有:by/in comparison with...(与……相比;相比之下);There is no comparison(between...)(没有什么可比性);bear/stand comparison with sb./sth.(比得上某人/某事)。

[例句]

It's useful to make a comparison between two things.

把两件事情相比是有益的。

By/In comparison with him,you are cleverer.与他相比,你更聪明。

My garden doesn't stand/bear comparison with his.

我的花园比不过他的。

-Is he as good as her at English?

-There is no comparison(between them).

--在英语上,他俩谁更好?

--他俩根本无可比性。

8.Besides,no matter how well translated,something of the spirit of the original is lost.(P.28)

译文:此外,无论翻译得多么精彩,原作中的部分精神也会丢失。

[讲解]现在,我把besides,except,but的区别比较一下:

① except与besides用于肯定句时,except意为“not including除……之外(不再有)”;besides意为“in addition to除……之外(还有)”试比较:

We all passed the exam except Tom.

除Tom没及格外,我们都及格了。(Tom没及格)

We all passed the exam besides Tom.

除了Tom外,我们也都及格了。(Tom也及格了)

注意:besides在句中的位置较活,可放在句首,亦可放在句中;而except多放在句中。

② except前几乎总有all,any,every,no及其复合词等,而besides前可用也可不用,依句意而定。如:

He answered all the questions except the last one.

除最后一个问题没有答外,其余问题都答了。

I have a few friends besides you.除了你之外,我还有几个朋友。

All of them went to Beijing last summer besides Tom.

除了汤姆外,他们去年夏天也都去了北京。

③ except和but都可接名词、代词、动名词、动词原形,可以互换;但except后接副词、介词短语、when从句等时,but不可替换except。如:

He has always been in high spirits except recently.

除近来外,他总是精神饱满。(副词)

The window is never opened except in summer.

除夏季外,这扇窗户从不打开。(介词短语)

He has always been busy except when it is Sunday.

除星期日外,他总是很忙。

④ but,except后都可接that从句作宾语,but,except可以互换。如I asked nothing from him but/except that he should write to me every other week我只要求他每两周给我写一封信。

⑤ 以上比较了except、besides、but作介词的区别,另外,besides还可用作副词,意为“in addition;also;moreover;furthermore而且;还有”的意思。课文中这个句子里的besides就是它副词的用法。如:I don't want to go;besides,I am too tired.我不想去,再说我也太累了。

This is my best suit;I have two other besides.这是我最好的一套衣服,我另外还有两套。

[讲解]original ①形容词,意为“原先的、最早的、最初的;非抄袭的、原版的”,此外original还有“新颖的、独特的、与众不同的”意思。注意:此词无比较级;②名词,(绘画、正式文件等的)原物,原件,原作品。

[例句或例词]

I am the original owner of the book.我是这本书的原主人。

an original painting by Xu Beihong徐悲鸿(所作)原画

an original idea/invention新颖的见解/发明

Where is the original?原件在哪里?

9.Reading poetry in English also opens the door to finding new ways of expressing yourself in Chinese.(P.28)

译文:读英文诗歌还能使你开启一扇大门,在那儿,你可以找到更新的用汉语表达思想的方法。

[讲解]ex英语前缀意为out,press意为“按、压”(原意:“压出”→)及物动词 ①[具体]压出、榨油;②[抽象](把话、感受等从心里压出→)表达、表示。

[例句与例词]

express juice of oranges榨桔子汁

express what you feel表达个人感受

Robert can express himself in Chinese now.

罗伯特现在已经能用汉语表达思想了。

10.Quietly,we embrace.In a world lit up by words.(P.28)

译文:我们静静地相拥在这个用语言照亮的世界里。

[讲解][em(in的变化) + brace(大括号);原意:“进入括号内”→]vt. ①包括,包含(include)→ ②拥抱、搂抱。

[例句]

The moment she saw his son,she embraced him.

看到她的儿子,她就抱他。

That case embraced 3 people.那个案子涉及3人。

11.Modern English came into being from about the middle of 16th century.(P.28)

译文:现代英语大约形成于十六世纪中叶。

[讲解]come into being(existence)形成、开始存在。为不及物动词短语,所以不可用被动;bring...into being(existence)使……形成、存在。

[例句]

When did the universe first come into being?

宇宙是什么时候开始形成的?

Who brought the new regulation into being?这新规定是谁制定的?

12.I also like reading,though I used to avoid poetry.(P.31)

译文:虽然过去我不愿读诗歌,可现在我愿意读了。

[讲解]avoid v.后接名词、代词、动名词做宾语。意为:①避开、躲避(某人、物)keep oneself away from sb./sth.;②防止发生(某事);预防stop sth. happening;prevent。注意:avoid后只接动名词做宾语,不可接不定式做宾语。

[例句与例词]

To avoid being caught in the rain,he ran home.

为了不赶上雨,他跑着回了家。

I think he is avoiding me.我认为他在躲着我。

Try to avoid accident.尽量避免发生事故。

13.I started with small poems,but now I most like long poems.(P.31)

译文:开始时,我读一些小诗,现在我更愿意读长诗。

[讲解]start with意为:“以……开始”;start as意为“作为……开始、开始时是……”

[例句]

We started our English learning with ABC.

我们是以学ABC开始我们的英语学习的。

As a VIP,he started as only a clerk.

作为一名大人物,他开始只是一名小职员。

14.Ask your teacher to recommend poems to you.(P.32)

译文:请你的老师为你推荐一些诗歌。

[讲解]recommend动词,意为“推荐、介绍、建议”,常用句型为:①recommend sth./sb.推荐某物/人;②recommend sb. sth./sb.=recommend sth/sb. to sb.把……推荐/介绍给……;③recommend sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事;④recommend + that从句(that从句谓语动词用should + 动词原形,should可省略,“建议某人做某事”;⑤recommend sb./sth. + as/for + 名词,推荐/介绍……当……

[例句]

Can you recommend a novel?你能推荐一本小说吗?

The professor recommended me warmly.那位教授热忱地推荐了我。

The teacher recommended us to read novels in origin.

老师建议我们读原版小说。

They recommended that the match be held in China.

他们建议比赛在中国举办。

He recommended Lao Li as an experienced technician.

他推荐说老李是一个有经验的技术员。

She recommended me for the Party membership.她介绍我入党。

My uncle recommended me to the manager.我叔叔把我介绍给经理。

I have been recommended that medicine。有人向我介绍那种药。

15.Collect your favorite poems in a notebook and ask your friends to contribute to it.(P.32)

译文:把你最喜欢的诗歌收集在你的笔记本中,让你的朋友们也往里面增添些新诗歌。

[讲解]contribute动词,意为“贡献、捐(款)、投(稿)、出(力)、起(作用)、分享(=have a share in)”。常用句型有:①contribute sth.②contribute + to-infinitive③contribute sth. to(towards)sth.④contribute to sth.。

[例句]

Everybody is called to contribute ideas.

要求人人都想办法出主意。

Low wages and high prices contributed to increase the discontent of the people of that country.低工资、物价高增加了那个国家人们的不满。

He contributed all his time and energy to his work.

他把所有时间和精力都献给了工作。

Laziness contributed greatly to his failure.

懒惰是他失败的最重要的原因。

The fine weather contributed to the success of the expeditions.

好天气是这次远征的原因。

Ⅱ.Language points and grammar focus语言点与语法重点

A.Language point语言点

师:下面我将依次讲解在此栏目中点击的五个难点。

1.But whether buses or trains,or boarding aeroplanes,there wasn't a door she'd get through.(P.25)

译文:但无论是汽车还是火车,还是天上的飞机,都没有她能进的门。

[讲解]“whether...or...”用来引导让步状语,意为“无论/不管……还……”,此外,还可说成:“no matter whether...or...”。or后可接not或与前面意义相反的词。另外有些省略了whether...or...结构,已经成为习语,如:sink or swim,rain or sunshine等。

[例句]

Whether you go or not,I will go.不管你去还是不去,我都去。

I am going whether it is raining or not.无论下不下雨,我都要去。

Whether you like or not,you'll have to do it.

无论你喜欢还是不喜欢,你非做不可。

Whether or not it rains,I'm giving a party tomorrow?

不管是否下雨,明天我都要举办一个晚会。

I'll go,whether you come with me or stay at home.

无论你跟我来还是留在家里,我都要走。

Sink or swim,I shall do it.无论成败,我都要承担此事。

The football match will be held,rain or sunshine.

足球赛定期举行,风雨无阻。

2.Shakespeare is most famous for his plays.(P.25)

译文:莎士比亚以他的戏剧最为著名。

[讲解]the most放在多音节形容词前,意为“最”,是最高级的表达形式。但most前不加the,意为:“非常”,等于“very”。

[例句]

This is the most difficult book I've ever read.

这是我读过的最难的一本书。

This is a most difficult book.

这是一本很难的书。(This is a very difficult book.)

3.Usually remembered for other work than their poetry are eighteenth century poets such as Pope and Johnson.(P.28)

Greatly loved in China,are the English Romantic poets.(P.28)

译文:不是因为诗,而是因为其他杰作让人不能忘怀的还有的18世纪的蒲伯和约翰逊等。

英国浪漫主义诗人深受中国人的喜爱。

[讲解]在英语中,有时为了强调句子某个成分而进行倒装,有的把谓语动词提前,有的把过去分词提前,有的把现在分词提前。

① 谓语置于句首。如

I'm going back to Washington to fight for it,believe you me.我要回到华盛顿为此而斗争,你相信我吧。(强调believe)

Go I can't.我不能去。(强调主要动词go)

They have promised to finish the work and finish it they will.他们保证完成这项工作,而且他们一定会完成的。(强调主要动词finish)

② 过去分词置于句首。如:

Also discussed was a proposal to reduce the sales tax...也讨论了减少销售税的建议……(这里倒装是由于句子主语较长)

Also said to be under consideration is a performance in Beijing.据说也考虑在北京举行。(这里过去分词与also连用,全句强调主语performance,倒装也与上下文衔接有关)

③ 现在分词置于句首。如:

Covering much of the earth's surface is a blanket of water.

地球表面上许多地方都布满水。

Attending the party were 700 students from 15 universities and colleges.

参加晚会的有来自15所大专院校的700名学生。

4.More and more people are interested to read modern poetry in English.(P.28)

译文:越来越多的人们对读英国的现代诗歌感兴趣。

[讲解]be interested in doing sth.表示感兴趣的事情不太具体,是抽象概念;be interested to do sth.表示感兴趣的事情很具体。

[例句]

Are you interested in playing football?你对足球感兴趣吗?

I'd be interested to hear your opinion about this.

我到想听听你对这个事情的看法。

5.Reading poetry in English also opens the door to finding new ways of expressing yourself in Chinese.(P.28)

译文:读英文诗歌还能使你开启一扇大门,在那儿,你可以找到更新的用汉语表达思想的方法。

[讲解]注意本句中to为介词,介词to后表示有动作的意味时,该词用其动名词形式。类似的结构还有:be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事;devote...to doing sth把……贡献给……;contribute...to doing sth把……贡献给……;look forward to doing sth.盼望做某事。

[例句]

He is used to getting up early.他已习惯早起床了。

He has contributed himself to serving the people.

他把自己的一切都献给了为人民服务上。

He is looking forward to seeing you soon.他正盼望早些见到你。

B.Grammar focus语法重点

The Past Participle used as Adverbial

用作状语的过去分词

本单元课文中出现了许多过去分词作状语的句子,您能把这一语法现象讲解一下吗?

师:无论过去分词作状语还是现在分词作状语,分词的逻辑主语都要和主句的主语一致。过去分词与主句的主语应是被动关系。过去分词作状语,表示时间、原因、让步或伴随等,这种过去分词通常相当于状语从句。下面我将举例说明。

1)表时间

(When the metal is)Heated,the metal expands.加热后,这种金属会膨胀。(The couple took good care of the baby while(the couple was)occupied by their work.这对夫妇一边工作,一边很好地照顾这个婴儿。

像第二句那样当强调实践概念时,过去分词之前可用连词when,while。

2)表原因

(As he was)Greatly surprised,he couldn't say a word.

他大吃一惊,一时说不出话来。

(Because she was)Scolded by the teacher,the girl felt unfair.

那姑娘因受老师责备,而愤愤不平。

3)表让步

Even if(I were)invited,I wouldn't go.即使受邀请,我也不愿去。

Though(they were)defeated again and again,they went on fighting.尽管一再遭受挫败,他们仍然继续战斗。

4)表伴随

He stared at me(he was)astonished.他两眼瞪着我,惊恐万状。

Einstein walked along the street,(he was)lost in thought.爱因斯坦漫步街头,沉浸在思索中。

Ⅲ.Skills of the four essential abilities:listening,speaking,reading and writing听、说、读、写四项基本能力的学习技巧

1.Listening skills听力技巧

Make sure about the desire,request or the matter one side will deal with in a long dialogue

明确较长对话中一方的愿望、请求或即将要做的事

我们以前学过这类检测点包含明确对话中一方的愿望、请求或即将要做的事的简短对话的听力技巧吗?

师:我们在第一章的最后一节学过应对检测点集中于对话中的“一方要求另一方做某事”的听力题的方法。“一方要求另一方做某事”实际上就是一方的愿望或请求,或即将要做的事。

在第一章这一节里,我们分析过被检测或被设问这类对话的三个特点。①在反映一方的愿望或要求中,肯定有要求另一方做或不做某事的祈使句、建议句或请求句;②一方的愿望或请求反映在他/她否定了另一方的请求或要求后做出的反要求中;③一方的愿望或要求反映在他/她解释性话语的逻辑推理中。

这类检测题与第一章第十节的设问形式一样吗?

师:一样。仍是下列这些设问形式:

1.What does the man/woman ask/advise the woman/man(not)to do?

2.What does the man/woman want/tell the woman/man(not)to do?

3.What does the man/woman order/warn the woman/man(not)to do?

4.What is the man/woman going to do?

5.What does the man/woman wish/promise the woman/man to do?

我们应该熟悉这些设问形式,只要在审题时读到这类设问,就可以立刻确定这段对话的一个重要检测点,那么这类较长对话的另一设问应该用什么有效的方法应对呢?

师:我们应该把从上述设问审题节省的时间用于另一设问的审题,再迅速而准确地确定另一设问的检测点,并且努力从两个设问与选项里找到它们内在的联系。

这类听力题的较长对话有什么共同的特点吗?

师:刚才我已经罗列了这种较长对话的三个特点,根据这三个特点,在听对话录音时,要把主要精力集中在被检测方表示愿望或请求的话语上,从中得出正确答案,同时对在对话中出现的另一设问的检测点的相关线索,也应非常敏感,迅速把握,正确做出判断。

可否用一实例把上面您讲授的审题与听音的方法在解决具体问题的过程中做些演示?

师:请看下例:

1.What is the man going to do soon?

A.Have a sound sleep.

B.Leave for a holiday.

C.Go to heaven to enjoy himself.

2.What does the woman ask the man to do when he gets there?

A.To have a good rest.

B.To write her a letter.

C.To give her a phone call.

请你分析一下这两个设问及其选项给你提供了些什么信息。

从第一个设问中,我们可以知道对话中的男方即将要做的事有三种可能:A.好好地睡一觉;B.外出度假;C.上天堂自得其乐(这纯属无稽之谈,可在审题时就将其否定。)那么听音时,首先该把精力集中在男士表示要做的事的话语上。从第二个设问中,我们可以得知女士请求男士在到那里后有可能做的三件事:A.好好休息;B.给她写封信;C.给她打个电话。因此听音时,应很好注意女士所做请求的祈使句。

师:实际上,你如果细心的话,而且有很强的逻辑推理能力,你基本上不听对话录音就能够选出第一设问的正确答案。你来试试?

从第二个设问里的“当他到那里”这个状语从句表达的意思,第一个设问的正确答案应该是B项,您看我选得正确吗?

师:听完这段对话,你就完全可以自己判断你的答案是否正确。请听下面这段对话:

M:Sarah,I'm going away for two weeks' vacation.

W:Justin,I envy you indeed.

M:No phones,no alarm clocks,no work.

W:Sounds like heaven.What are you going to do there?

M:Play,eat,sleep,just rest.

W:Well,Justin.Drop me a line when you get there before you start sleeping.

听完这段对话,我确信我刚对第一个设问选的答案是正确的。因为对话中的男方在对话一开始就说他要外出度两周的假。随后那女士说她很嫉羡这个男士。男士接下来描述了他在这两周的假期中的美好生活:没人给他打电话,没有闹钟响,用不着干活,多么地惬意呀!然后女士称赞说这听起来真像是天堂中的生活,并问男士在那里打算做些什么事,男士告诉她说他要尽情地玩、吃和睡觉,足足地休息。最后女士嘱咐他说睡觉前记住drop her a line,虽然我以前没学过drop sb. a line,但我可以有把握地说这个词组的词义是给她写封信。因为A项的内容是与睡觉重复的动作,而C项的“给她打个电话”都与前面听到的对话内容不大吻合。所以我选B项。您看我的解题过程使用上面您介绍的审题与听音的方法了吗?

师:首先我应告诉你,你选的答案是完全正确的。然后我可以从你解题的效果来检证你的学习情况的优劣。另外,我还应指出,做这类较长对话的听力题,审题仍是正确解题的前提与基础,而听音过程是验证自己在审题过程中所做的推断是否正确,进一步核实或否定自己审题时的推断。

2.Oval practice口语训练

Learn how to express one's intention and decision

学会表达自己的意图和决定

我们应该如何用英语表达我们的意图或意向呢?

师:表达自己的意图或意向有一些不同的表达方式,有的直截了当,有的委婉和缓,有的语气十分强烈。倘若选择不当,或因不了解西方文化背景,很可能导致本可以避免的麻烦。我们中国人常询问他人:“今天下午你要干什么呀?”“你打算什么时候结婚?”“你准备什么时候把夫人接来呀?我们很想看看她长得是否与你般配呀?”如此等等。虽然这些表达意愿和希望的话语都是关心与友好的表示,但它们很不符合西方人对个人隐私的看法和态度,因为上述询问的事纯属西方人认为个人的隐私,除非是被询问人的至爱至亲,否则应采取“只可闻不可问”的态度。

在英语表示一般愿望时,我们常常用I want to...;I hope to...或I'd like to...,如要表示那些强烈但又实现可能性不大的愿望或是希望过去业已发生的事没有发生的意向时,则用I wish that从句;How I wish that从句;If only...等句式。

要表达的意愿只是一种将来的安排时,英语往往采用下列句式:I'm/We've going to...;I/We plan to...;I will...或I won't...等。

在别人邀请你或要求你做某事,但你不太愿意做某事时,你可以这样表示:I think it will be too difficult to...;I'm not very interested in...so...;I think it will be boring to...;I don't feel like...;I'd rather(not)do...。这些表达方式比较委婉。

我们应该怎样用英语表达我们所做的决定呢?

师:在我们表示所做的决定时,我们常用以下这些表达方式,如:

1.I'm confident I've made the right choice.

2.I'm anxious to know what your decision is.

3.I've definitely decided to go to France.

4.You shouldn't say anything to influence my decision.

5.It took me a long time to make up my mind.

6.I want to persuade you to change your mind.

7.I always refuse to change my mind when I've made a decision.

8.I know it's inconvenient,but I still want to do it anyway.

请您给我们举几个表示意图和决定的对话实例,好吗?

师:请看以下四个表示意愿或决定的对话实例:

[例1]

A:I'm interested to listen to the lecture about the Big Bang and black holes.

B:Why are you interested in that lecture?

A:Firstly because I'm anxious to know what time is,how the universe began and what black holes exactly are;secondly because I hope to see Stephen Hawking,the greatest scientist of our modern time.

[例2]

A:I'd like to know about how the news we read in newspapers is made and written.

B:If you're interested in such matters,you'd better have a talk with Chen Ying or Zhu Lin,two of our talented journalists.They'll help you to know the procedure about how the news is made and written.

A:Could you please let me have a talk with any of them?

B:Sure,I'll phone Chen Ying at once to see when he is free and convenient to talk with you.

[例3]

A:I'd like to know something more about Chinese traditional architecture.Could you please recommend some books about it?

B:Sorry.I'm not interested in that subject,so I hardly know anything about it.You'd better ask Professor Gu for advice.

[例4]

A:I'm anxious to know what your final decision is,to accept the position or to refuse it?

B:I've definitely decided to refuse it.

A:But you could get a good salary if you accepted the position.

B:You shouldn't say anything to influence my decision.I'm confident I've made the right choice this time.

3.Reading skills阅读技巧

Mastering the accurate meaning of some key phrases is the foundation of having a good understanding of some difficult sentences

准确理解词组的正确内涵是提高阅读能力的基础

师:英语中大量的词组经常被使用,是一种极为常见的语言现象。词组的意思往往大大地有别于组成这些词组的单词的词义,如果望文生义,就会造成理解上的偏差、谬误甚至是笑话,因此准确理解词组的正确内涵也是提高阅读理解能力的重要技巧之一。

1.要正确理解英语词组的确切内涵

(1)Many young people are mad about football.

[误]很多年轻人为足球得了神经病。

[正]很多年轻人喜欢足球运动到了发狂的程度。

(2)The man hunted for a job everywhere.

[误]那个男子以到处打猎为业。

[正]那个男子在到处寻找工作。

(3)He's a sort of artist.

[误]他是一种类型的画家。

[正]他有点像个画家。

(4)I'll write the letter in no time.

[误]我不用什么时间就要写这封信。

[正]我马上就要写这封信。

(5)All of us wondered why she burst into tears all at once.

[误]我们大家都不明白她为什么立刻失声痛哭。

[正]我们大家都不明白她为什么突然失声痛哭。

(6)The poor girl cried as soon as she came back to life.

[误]那可怜的女孩一回到生活中就哭起来了。

[正]那可怜的女孩一苏醒就哭起来了。

2.要非常注意英语中那些具备多种意义的词组,而且知晓并掌握其常见用法

(1)Two weeks in the office should be enough to break you in.

[误]在办公室里两个星期应该是足够的使你破门而入。

[正]在那个职务上干上两星期应足够地使你适应这项工作。

(2)Three men held up the train and took all the passengers' money.

[误]三个男人举起了那列火车而且拿走了所有乘客的钱。

[正]三个男人抢劫了那列火车而且拿走了所有乘客的钱。

(3)Don't speak to me at once.One at a time,please.

[误]不要立刻对我讲话,请每次就一个人说。

[正]不要同时(一起)都对我讲话,请每次就一个人讲。

(4)If you keep on working hard like this,you'll succeed in time.

[误]如果你继续像这样努力干下去,你会及时成功的。

[正]如果你继续像这样努力干下去,你迟早/总有一天会成功的。

(5)He can be rely rude(粗鲁)but at the same time his girlfriend can't help liking him.

[误]他虽然很粗鲁,但与此同时他的女友禁不住地喜欢他。

[正]他虽然很粗鲁,但他的女友还是喜欢他。

(6)All the children in the bus took up the song.

[误]公共汽车上的孩子们都拿起了这支歌。

[正]公共汽车上的孩子们都跟着唱起了那支歌。

(7)If you don't look out,you'll catch cold.

[误]如果你不向外看,你会感冒的。

[正]如果你不注意,你会感冒的。

(8)While looking through my examination paper,I found a few mistakes and corrected them.

[误]在浏览我的试卷时,我发现了几个错误,并把它们更正过来。

[正]在仔细检查我的试卷的过程中,我发现了几个错误,并把它们更正过来。

(9)While you're in Beijing,do look up our old teacher,he'll be pleased to see you.

[误]当你在北京时,一定要查找(抬头看)我们的老教师。他见到你会很高兴的。

[正]当你到北京时,一定要去看望我们的老教师,他见到你会很高兴的。

(10)Why can't she learn to live within the limits of her ability?She's always reaching for the moon and getting disappointed.

[误]她为什么就不能学会在她的能力范围内生活呢?她总是伸手去够月亮而且变得沮丧。

[正]她为什么就不能学会在她的能力范围内过日子呢?她总是试图去做那些她力所不及的事,结果弄得自己很沮丧。

4.Writing capacities书面表达能力

How to write an introduction or a review of a poem

如何写一篇关于一首诗的介绍或评论性短文

我们应如何用英语写一篇有关一首诗的介绍或评论性的短文呢?

师:要想写好一篇有关一首诗的介绍或评论性的短文,首先应很好理解这首诗,理解这首诗的每行词句的含义与这首诗创造出的意境,与这首诗给读者在意境及音韵上的美感。然后用以下三段来写你的短文。

第一段 描述这首诗的内容;

第二段 描述这首诗在你心目中的意象及它给你的感受;

第三段 描述你在更深入地思考这首诗时你对它的看法,而且表述你对这首诗的评价。

【同步达纲练习】

Ⅰ.根据句意,在空白处填入既适合语境又在语法上正确的单词

1.He usually brings us some funny stories,so as soon as he comes,the _________will change.

2.He is absent _________of his illness.

3.If something _________out,it's much better or much more important than other things of the same kind.

4.If you master the English Language,you will be able to _________yourself in it.

5.He ran away to __________being caught.

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.―My sister is a typist at a foreign firm.

―I know this sort of work __________skill and speed.

A.asks for B.calls for

C.looks for D.waits for

2.Do you know any other foreign language __________English?(MET 1985)

A.except B.but

C.beside D.besides

3.__________his wife,his daughter also went to see him(NMET l986)

A.Beside B.Besides

C.Except D.Except for

4.The discovery of the new evidence led to__________.(上海2003)

A.the thief having caught B.catch the thief

C.the thief being caught D.the thief to be caught

5.―Dad,I've finished my assignment.

―Good,and __________you play or watch,TV,you mustn't disturb me.(上海2003)

A.whenever B.whether

C.whatever D.no matter

Ⅲ.阅读技巧

英译汉,将下列英语句子译成汉语,尤其要注意每句里加粗的词组,并把它的词义单独译出

1.In order to clear the air,he wrote another letter to explain what his real intention(意图)was.

2.Columbus(哥伦布)discovered the American continent(大陆)by accident.

3.You can't decide whether a plan is good or bad until it is put into action.

4.In the old days,many Chinese children were willingly acting on their parents' advice,but things have taken a different look these days.

5.Joe was a slow student in the beginning,but soon he got ahead of most other students in the class.

6.Mind your own business!He doesn't need your advice at this moment.

7.You can't work around the clock.Too much pressure will harm your health.

8.He offered to help them under the cover of friendship,but behind it he was trying to fish for their business secret.

9.In any culture or country,there're always things that can be said only behind closed doors.

10.Don't make an exhibition of yourself.That'll do great damage to your public image(形象).

Ⅳ.书面表达练习

阅读下面这首由美国诗人爱默生写的英诗,然后用英语写篇评价这首诗的短文。

A Nation's Strength

Ralph Wall Emerson

Not gold,but only man can make

A people great and strong;

Men who for truth and honor's sake

Stand fast and suffer long.

Brave men who work while others sleep,

Who dare while others fly;

They build a nation's pillar deep

And lift them to the sky.

注:爱默生生于1803年,死于1882年,美国的诗人和散文作家,为先验主义(apriorism)作家的代表。

参考答案

【同步达纲练习】

Ⅰ.

1.atmosphere 本句意为:“他经常给我们带来有趣的故事,所以他一到气氛就变了”。

2.because 本句意为:“他因病缺席”。

3.stands

4.express 本句意为:“如果你精通英语,你就能用英语表达自己”。

5.avoid 本句意为:“他逃跑了以免被抓”。

Ⅱ.

1.B 见hot words and hot phrases 1。

2.D 见hot words and hot phrases 8。

3.B 见hot words and hot phrases 8。

4.C 见language points 5。

5.B 见language points 1。

lead to意为“导致”,to是介词,后加动名词

Ⅲ.

千万不要认为一句话中的单词都认识,就可以很好地理解这个句子。因为英语中很多单词是多义词,而且那些常用词经常在新的组合中有着区别于它们原本的意思,必须学会在具体的语言环境中对它们做合理的推测,必须在日常的学习中不断地认真熟记一些常用词组的词义。日积月累,积少成多,从而提高自己的阅读能力,下面是此练习的答案。

1.为了消除误解,他又写了一封信解释自己真正的意图。

clear the air:消除误解/会

2.哥伦布是偶然地发现美洲新大陆。

by accident偶然地

3.在一项计划未付诸实施前,很难说它是好还是坏。

put...into action把……付诸实施

4.在过去,中国的孩子们都愿意按照家长们的要求去做事,而现今的情况就不大一样了。

act on one's advice按照某人的建议/忠告去做

5.起初乔是个落后的学生,但是很快地他就超过班上大多数同学。

get ahead of...超过……,比……强,领先于……

6.甭多管闲事!眼下他不需要你出的招儿。

mind one's business不要多管闲事。

7.你不能连轴转地干活。太大的压力会危害你的健康。

around the clock日夜不停地,连轴转

8.他打着友谊的幌子,主动帮助他们,但在这个幌子下却在挖空心思地刺探他的商业秘密。

under the cover of...打着……的幌子,以……为借口

fish for刺探

9.在任何文化或国家中,总有一些不能公开谈论的事情。

behind closed doors背地里,私下,不能公开

10.不要让自己出洋相,这样会大大有损于你的公共形象。

Make an exhibition of oneself使自己出洋相

Ⅳ.

反复地阅读了这首两段的英语诗,我们注意到英语诗也有着严格的节奏和韵律。在这首诗的两个段落里,每段都是四行,第一行与第三行含有八个音节,第二行与第四行有六个音节。第一段的一、三两行的尾韵压在[eik]上;二、四两行的尾韵压在[]上。第二段的一、三两行的尾韵压在[ip]上,而二、四两行的尾韵压在[]上。由此可见英语诗也是很讲究节奏与音韵上的美感,读起来朗朗上口。

这首诗的题目为《民族的力量》,在这首诗里诗人热情地讴歌了那些为了真理和荣誉无私无畏地奋斗着的中坚力量,诗歌是这样赞美这些英雄的:

不是黄金,只有人

才能使民族伟大而强盛;

为了真理,为了荣誉,

他们意志坚定,历尽艰辛。

他们无所畏惧,别人睡觉他们做工,

别人逃遁他们大显神勇;

他们深深地埋下民族的支柱,

并将石柱举起支撑天空。

读懂这首诗,我们在【难点解析】中讲述的介绍诗歌的三个段落可以表述如下,仅供参考。

A Review of the Poem A Nation's Strength

The poem entitled A Nation's Strength was written by an American poet named Ralph waldo Emerson,who was a representative of apriorist writers as well as a poet.In this poem he warmly sang high praises of the backboues of a great nation,who,for the sake of the truth and honor,fight and work selflessly and fearlessly.

This poem clearly shows the great image of the nation's backbone:who stand fast and suffer long for truth and honor's sake,and who work while others sleep.There fore,they build a nation's pillar deep,and make a people great strong.After reading this poem,I am determined to become a member of the nation's backbone when I grow up.

Though the poem is short,the ideas it expresses are deep.The language in the poem is simple,but the rhythm and the rhyme are not only beautiful but easy to read aloud and learn by heart.

Aims and demands: Develop the Ss’ listening ability and their communication ability

Importance and difficulty:

1. words and expressions: anyhow , ashamed , change one’s mind, argument, misunderstanding

2. useful expressions:

I’m sorry about that.

I apologize for being so angry with you.

I’m sorry to have done that.

I didn’t mean to be so rude.

I feel rather ashamed.

It doesn’t matter.

I’m afraid that…..

Please excuse me for….

Teaching aids: tape recorder, slide shown

Teaching methods: listening, speaking, communication

Learning methods: How to understand the text while listening

Procedure:

Step 1. words

Step 2. Listening

Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer;

1. Jane and Kate are _____ the swimming pool.

A. leaving B. swimming in C. coming to D. talking about

2. Jane thinks that Kate will have dinner with her ____.

A. this Friday B. Friday C. next Friday D. last Friday

3. Jane considers Kate to be a _____ girl.

A. selfless B. good C. nice D. selfish

4. Later, Jane realized that she ____ Kate.

A. made a mistake about B. did right to C. loved D. hated

5. Jane feels _____ her rudeness to Kate.

A. disappointed at B. ashamed of C. pleased with D. like

Listen again and complete the following sentences:

1. But you said you’d ______ _____ ____ ____ with me, We fixed it.

2. We thought we ____ ___ ____ , but we said ____ ___ _____ each other first.

3. Now I’m telling you I can’t ____ this ____. Another time, _____ but not _____.

4. You don’t ___ ___ ____ . Why didn’t you tell me then? I ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ it. How can you ______ ___ ____ at last minutes?

5. You just ____ consider anyone ___ yourself.

Step 3. Reading ( books open )

Read the dialogue and find out the expressions about apology and accepting apology

Expressions about apology Expressions about accepting apology

I’m sorry to…

I apology for …

Please excuse me…

I didn’t mean to…

I’m afraid… That’s OK / all right.

Never mind.

It’s not important.

That’s nothing.

Don’t worry about that.

It doesn’t matter.

That’s Ok/ all right

Thank you …. Not at all.

It’s a pleasure. / My pleasure.

You are welcome.

Step4. Language points

1. keep one’s word 遵守诺言

have a word with sb. 与某人说句话

have words with sb. 与某人争吵

in a word 总之,一句话

2. look forward to doing

3. apologize (to sb.) for doing sth.

4. mean to do 打算… ,想要….

mean doing 意味…

I didn’t mean to hurt him. 我并没有打算伤害他.

Missing the bus means waiting for another two hours. 误了车就意味着再等两个小时.

want to do 想要…

want doing 需要…

I want to go with you. 我想要和你一起去.

My bike wants repairing. 我的自行车需要修理.

Step 5. Wb

Fill in the blanks ----EX 1

道歉及应答 BCDBB

1. --- I didn’t know this was a one-way street, officer.

--- ________.

A. That’s all right. B. Sorry, but that’s no excuse.

C. I don’t believe you. D. How dare you say that?

2. --- _______.

---It’s nothing to worry about. I never like it anyway.

A. I lost my Walkman this morning.

B. I feel awful. I’ve got a cold.

C. I feel terrible, but I’ve left your tape somewhere.

D. I’m sorry, but we don’t have that medicine.

3. --- I was so sure that our experiment was going to succeed, but something went wrong at the last minute.

--- _____, but don’t give up. Try again.

A. You don’t mean that B. Find out the reason

C. Never mind D. I’m sorry to hear that

4. --- Sorry , I couldn’t come to the party. I was sick that day.

--- ______.

A. I don’t know that

B. That’s all right

C. Yes, we’ll have another party

D. No, the party wasn’t held

5. --- I’m sorry I broke your mirror.

--- Oh, really? ____.

A. It’s OK with me B. It doesn’t matter

C. Don’t be sorry D. I don’t care

感谢和应答 BCBB

1. --- You’ve given us a wonderful dinner, Mrs Wang.

--- _____.

A. Oh, I’m afraid I didn’t cook very well.

B. I’m glad you enjoyed it.

C. Come again when you are free.

D. It’s not necessary for you to say so.

2. --- I think you look very nice in the red jacket.

--- _____.

A. Oh, no, I don’t look nice at all

B. I don’t like re color but my mom made me wear it

C. I’m glad you think so

D. You are very kind

3. ---Thank you ever so much for the book you sent me.

--- ______.

A. No thanks B. I’m glad you like it

C. Please don’t say so D. You are very kind

4. --- If you need me, just let me know.

--- I will. ______.

A. That’s all right B. Thank you

C. All right D. Not at all.

Words on the blackboard:

Expressions about apology Expressions about accepting apology

I’m sorry to…

I apology for …

Please excuse me…

I didn’t mean to…

I’m afraid… That’s OK / all right.

Never mind.

It’s not important.

That’s nothing.

Don’t worry about that.

It doesn’t matter.

That’s Ok/ all right

Thank you …. Not at all.

It’s a pleasure. / My pleasure.

You are welcome.

1. keep one’s word

have a word with sb.

have words with sb.

in a word

2. look forward to doing

3. apologize ( to sb ) for doing sth

4. mean to do

mean doing

want to do

want doing

Lesson 30~31 A person of Great Determination

Aims and demands:

Develop the Ss’ reading ability and have a good understanding of the text.

Importance and difficulty:

The ability to summarize the text, make up a dialogue.

Teaching aids: tape recorder and some slide shown

Teaching methods: Reading , speaking,

Procedure:

Step 1. Revision

Step 2. Presentation

“A Person of Great Determination”

T: I’m going to tell you three stories about three different people. Which of these people, A B or C was a person of great determination?

A: A person went to visit a friend but she did not know exactly where the friend lived. She walked down the street once, but did not see her friend, so she went home.

B: A person grew up in a poor family . She wanted to be a doctor. She worked during the daytime and every evening she studied. All the money which she saved, she spent on books. After doing this for six years, she went to medical school and finally became a doctor.

C: A person wrote a book. The book was bought by many people and the person became rich. Finally the book was made into a film and the person became even richer.

Ss: ( Answer is B )

T: Determination means to try hard to do sth carefully , even if the situation is difficult.

T: What can you see in the picture?

S: A young boy is in a book shop . The bookseller is giving a new pencil and some writing paper to him.

Step 3. Fast reading

Read the text quickly and answer the two questions.

1. What was the boy looking for and what was the problem?

He wanted to buy a geography book, but he only had 62 cents and the book cost one dollar.

2. How did the bookseller and the writer each offer to help the boy?

The book-seller offered the boy the chance to buy the new book and pay him the rest of the money later. He also offered him a secondhand book for only 50 cents. He gave the boy a new pencil and some writing paper.

The writer gave the boy two dollars to buy some books.

Step 4. Careful reading

Find out the facts showing that William Hartley was a person of great determination:

I. The situation that he faced in a bookstore in Cincinnati.

1. How much did the book cost? One dollar

2. How much did the boy have? 62 cents

3. What was his request? To have the book and pay the rest of the money later

4. What reply did he have? Refused his request

5. What was his next decision? He was determined to try another place

II. The situation that he faced in the fifth bookstore

1. How did he explain to the bookseller? He explained that he couldn’t go to school, but he studied at home when he had time. All the other boys had geography books and they would be ahead of him if he didn’t get one.

2. What was the bookseller’s offer?

3. What did the bookseller give him?

4. What did the writer give him?

He would let the boy have the new geography book and the boy might pay him the rest of the money later, or the boy could have a secondhand book for fifty cents.

He gave the boy a new pencil and some writing paper.

He gave the boy two dollars to buy some more books.

T: The boy succeeded in getting the geography book.

Why did he want so much to get the book?

What did he become later? Try to guess.

III. The situation that he faced on a ship across the Atlantic

1. What suddenly happened? Towards the end of the crossing a terrible storm came up.

2. What was the danger? The ship started to leak and began to fill with water. It was possible that the ship would sink.

3. What was his order and determination? He ordered the sailors back to their pumps and encouraged them to save the ship. He was determined to land the passengers safe in Liverpool.

4. What was the miracle (奇迹)? In the end the captain landed the passengers safe, but the ship sank soon after it reached the port of Liverpool.

Step 5. T or F statements

1. The writer went to a bookstore in search of some geography books. F

2. The little boy was not more than 12 years old. T

3. The boy who wanted to buy a book about geography had only sixty – two cents. T

4. The boy looked surprised when the salesman refused him his request. F

5. The man who followed the boy was a friend of the boy’. F

6. After the fifth bookstore, the boy decided to try all the bookstores in order to know whether he could get one. T

7. The boy wanted to get a geography to learn with his friend and he wanted to be a captain. F

8. The boy was very happy because he got an old book in the sixth store for only fifty cents. T

9. The bookseller sold the boy a book and also gave him a new pen as a present for his courage. F

10. Twenty years later, William Hartley became a captain and he met with the writer on his ship. F

Step 6. Workbook --- Ex 1

Step 7. Make up a dialogue

Character: One is the boy , the other is a bookseller

Place : in the fifth bookstore

Homework

Review the text

Do the reading comprehension exercises

Reading comprehension for 3A Lesson30 CDDAA DAA

1. “ A weak smile” means the same as a ___ smile.

A. happy B. pleasant C. faint D. sad

2. Altogether the boy went into ___ bookstores.

A. seven B. four C. five D. six

3. The boy was eager to have a geography book because ___.

A. he did not want to fall behind the other boys

B. he wanted to show off (炫耀)before the other boys

C. he was interested in the places his father once arrived at

D. both A and C

4. We can infer that the boy showed ___ towards his father.

A. admiration B. thankfulness

C. gratitude D. hatred

5. That the boy questioned about the secondhand book showed that he was ___.

A. careful B. unsatisfied

C. narrow-minded D. hard to please

6. The verb phrase “look into” means ___.

A. search and find B. read quickly about

C. give a quick look D. examine carefully

7. The text is mainly about ___.

A. the boy’s determination to get a geography book

B. the boy’s love for books

C. the author’s curiosity about the boy

D. the bookseller’s kindness to the boy

8. The fact that the boy at last got his book showed his ___.

A. strong will B. calmness

C. cleverness D. bravery

Comprehension for 3A Lesson 31 DADAA CBAAC

1. Which one tells us the main idea of the text?

A. The last sentence of paragraph 1.

B. The last sentence of the text.

C. The first sentence of paragraph 1.

D. Both A and B.

2. The captain struggled to (努力) ____.

A. save the ship and the passengers’ life.

B. land in Liverpool

C. fight against the storm

D. overcome difficulties

3. The ship was in danger because ___.

A. there was a heavy storm

B. there were too many passengers

C. the sailors had given up their hope of surviving

D. it was letting in water badly

4. Which sentence expresses the main idea of paragraph 3?

A. Sentence 1 B. Sentence 2

C. Sentence 3 D. Sentence 4

5. It seemed that ___ took part in pumping water out of the ship.

A. all passengers and sailors

B. everybody on the ship

C. the sailors and the captain

D. the passengers and the captain

6. What is the author’s attitude towards the captain?

A. Admiration and love . B. Thankfulness and love.

C. Thankfulness and admiration.

D. Admiration and respect.

7. Who did not lose the hope during the whole day?

A. I B. The captain C. Passengers D. Sailors

8. The captain was about the age of ____.

A. 40 B. 35 C. 30 D. 50

9. The verb phrase “take charge” in paragraph 3 means ___

A. take control B. take part in

C. take place D. take notice

10. Which happened last?

A. I expressed my thanks to the captain.

B. We landed in Liverpool safely.

C. The captain recognized me.

D.The ship sank after carrying out its responsibility.

Words on the Bb:

I. The situation that he faced in a bookstore in Cincinnati.

II. The situation that he faced in the fifth bookstore

III. The situation that he faced on a ship across the Atlantic

Lesson 30~31 Language points

Aims and demands: Grasp the usage of the language points

Difficulty: the usage

Teaching methods: Questions and answers

Procedure:

Step 1. Revision while asking questions and write the language points on the blackboard

1. ( Picture) Who is the boy? / the man on the right / on the left?

Many years ago, the writer walked into a bookstore in Cincinnati .

2. What did the writer go into the bookstore for?

---- In search of some books he wanted.

3. Whom did he meet?

---- A boy of about 12.

4. Did the boy want to buy?

---- A geography book.

5. Are there any geography books in the bookstore?

---- Yes, plenty of them.

6. What / How much money did the geography book cost?

---- One dollar each.

7. How much money did the boy have?

---- Only 62 cents.

That’s to say , he couldn’t buy a geography book.

8. What did the boy ask the bookseller to do?

----- To let him have the book and pay the rest of money later.

9. Did the bookseller accept his request?

---- No.

11. How did the boy look when the bookseller refused his request?

---- He looked disappointed.

12. Was he discouraged?

---- No.

13. What did the boy decide to do after that?

---- To try another place.

T: The writer followed the boy into four different stores. And four times the boy was disappointed. But in the fifth bookstore,

14. What did the boy do when he entered the fifth bookstore?

----- He walked straight up to the counter and told the bookseller just what he wanted and how money he had.

15. Did the boy get one geography book at last?

----- Yes.

16. How many bookstores had the boy been to before he got the book?

----- Six.

That means the boy got his book in the sixth bookstore.

17. What kind of book did the boy get?

----- A secondhand book.

T: If the secondhand book costs only half the money as the new one , but it will be as good as the new one

18. Which would you prefer?

------ In that case, I’d prefer the secondhand one.

19. How did the boy want to learn the geography book?

----- To learn by himself.

20. Moved by the boy’s deeds and words,

What did the bookseller in the fifth store give him?

----- To his delight , he gave the boy a nice new pencil and some writing paper.

21. What did the writer give him?

----- Two dollars.

22. How did the boy feel when he received two dollars?

----- Tears of joy filled his eyes. For one moment , he was going to burst into tears.

burst into tears

burst into laughter

burst out crying

burst out laughing

23. Can you tell me what parts of the story show us that the boy was serious and eager?

---- visiting all the bookstores in town, studying alone when he had time, wanting to be a sailor , wanting to read as many books as possible.

Lesson 31

Step 1. Revision ( questions )

Step 2. Fill in the blanks with the words and phrases in the text

1. If you don’t word hard, the others in your class will be ahead of you.

2. It may rain tomorrow. In that case , we’ll have to put off the sports meet till next Saturday.

3. The tortoise was soon ahead of the hare which was sleeping under a tree.

4. Hearing the sad news, she burst into tears.

5. You’ll be late unless you hurry.

6. In the south there is plenty of rain in spring.

7. They started off at once in search of the missing girl.

8. Go straight ahead and turn left at the second crossing, you will see the cinema on the right.

9. Before I came to this school , I have known about it.

10. My car is as good as a new one, even though I’ve had it a year.

11. To his delight, he has passed the examination.

12. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

Step 3. Reading

Answer the questions:

Step 4. Deal with the text

The writer was once on a fine sailing ship across the Atlantic.

1. What happened suddenly?

----- A terrible storm came up at the end of the crossing ( voyage ).

2. What happened?

----- The ship started to leak and began to fill with water. It was possible that the ship would sink, but it didn’t.

3. Why?

----- It was because of the captain’s courage and determination.

4. 译:要不是由于船长的努力,这艘船就会带人都沉没了。

The ship would have sunk with all on board but for the efforts of the captain.

The ship would have sunk with all on board if it had not been for the efforts of the captain.

but for: without 如果不是…

介词短语,相当于一个虚拟语气.

要是没有你的帮助,我是不会成功的。

I would not have succeeded but for your help.

I would not have succeeded if it had not been for your help.

I would not have succeeded without your help.

要是没有这场大雨,我们就会玩得很开心。

We would have had a good time but for the heavy rain.

We would have had a good time if it had not been for the heavy rain.

We would have had a good time without the heavy rain.

虚拟语气练习 (3A Unit 8) DBDAD BDDC

1. Without your help, we ___ so much.

A. won’t achieve B. didn’t achieve

C. don’t achieve D. wouldn’t have achieved

2. If I ___ where he lived I ___ a note to him.

A. knew, would send

B. had known, would have sent

C. know, would send

D. knew , would have sent

3. I didn’t know his telephone number. __ it,I __then.

A. Had I known, would ring him up

B. Should I know, would have rung him up

C. If I knew, would ring him up

D. Had I known, would have ring him up

4. Mary is ill today. If she ___, she ___ absent from school.

A. were not ill, wouldn’t be

B. had been ill, wouldn’t have been

C. had been ill, should have been

D. hadn’t been ill, could be

5. You didn’t let me drive, if we __ in turn, you ___ so tired.

A. drove, didn’t get

B. drove, wouldn’t get

C. were driving, wouldn’t get

D. had driven, would not have got

6. --- If he ___, he ___ that food.

--- Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately.

A. was warned; would not take

B. had been warned; would not have taken

C. would be warned; had not taken

D. would have been warned; had not taken

7. We ___ a pleasant journey but for the rain.

A. would have B. will have

C. had had D. would have had

8. Without electricity human life ___ quite different today.

A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

9. ___ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the film so often.

A. If it is not B. Were it not

C. Had it not been D. If they were not

10. Fill in the blanks:

The ship started to leak and began to fill with water. After pumping for one whole night, the sailors were on the point of giving up . But the captain _took charge as soon as he realized the situation .He ordered the sailors back to their pumps and encouraged them to save the ship. He said so long as the ship remains above the surface of the sea, he would do everything he could to save the ship. So the sailors pumped like crazy. In the end he did land the passengers safe.

6. fill with

be full of

7. on the point of doing

be about to do

我正要出去,这时你近来了.

I was on the point of going out when you came in.

I was about to go out when you came in.

8. take charge (of)

be in charge of

be responsible for

你们班主任外出其间,将由我来负责你班的管理.

I will take charge of your class when your head teacher is away.

9. so long as只要

as long as 只要 (在口语中用得多)

你可以借这本书,只要你把它保管得干净.

You may borrow the book so/ as long as you keep it clean.

10. like crazy 疯狂地 (常用语口语中)

11. in the end 表示经过许多变化,困难和捉摸不定的情况以后某事才发生

at last 表示等候或耽搁了很多时间才… 语气很强烈.常带有较浓的感情色彩

finally (1) 列举事物或论点,可用来引出最后一个项目

(2) 用在句中动词前面,表示 “等了好久才…”

We waited and waited , and the train finally arrived.

他们终于赢了. They won in the end.

At last they won.

They finally won.

Step 4. Exercises:

Homework

Fill in the blanks with the words and phrases in the text

1. If you don’t word hard, the others in your class will ____ you.

2. It may rain tomorrow. _____, we’ll have to put off the sports meet till next Saturday.

3. The tortoise was soon _____ the hare which was sleeping under a tree.

4. Hearing the sad news, she _____.

5. You’ll be late _____ you hurry.

6. In the south there is _____ rain in spring.

7. They started off at once _____ the missing girl.

8. Go _____ ahead and turn left at the second crossing, you will see the cinema on the right.

9. Before I came to this school , I have ___

it.

10. My car is _____ a new one, even though I’ve had it a year.

11. _____, he has passed the examination.

12. A friend in need is a friend _____.

Fill in the blanks:

The ship started to leak and began to ____ water. After pumping for one whole night, the sailors were _____giving up . But the captain _____ as soon as he realized the situation .He ordered the sailors back to their pumps and ____ them to save the ship. He said _____the ship remains above the surface of the sea, he would do everything he could to save the ship. So the sailors pumped _______. _____he did land the passengers safe.

Exercises for Unit 8 (3A) AAACA BBABD CBBAD BAAB

1. The police ___ into the room and caught the murderer.

A. burst B. entered C. looked D. shouted

2. He ___ great delight in proving others wrong.

A. takes B. puts C. gives D. makes

3. The Smiths bought a new car, which was the __ of their neighbours.

A. envy B. admire C. respect D. proud

4. They __ for hours, but neither of them would give in.

A. discussed B. spoke C. argued D. talked

5. The baby is ___ a girl of 15.

A. in the charge of B. in charge of

C. the charge of D. to the charge of

6. She felt ___ of doing that and tears ran down here cheeks.

A. shamed B. ashamed C. sorry D. disappointed

7. I might fail, but __ I insist on doing it. I don’t mind it.

A. however B. anyhow C. yet D. meanwhile

8. When the ship was on ___ point of sinking, people on ___ board rushed to the bank like ___ crazy.

A. the ; / ; / B. a; a ; / C. the ; the ; a D. the ;/; a

9. We are __ all the other teams at present.

A. very ahead of B. well ahead of

C. very head of D. well ahead for

10. ___, I don’t like English.

A. Being honest B. Being honesty

C. To be honesty D. To be honest

11. I don’t think ___ is any need for a guide on our journey.

A. it B this C. there D. that

12.The little bed will ___ for two children.

B. fit B. do C. prepare D. work

13.---Do you know our town at all?

--- No. This is the first time I ___ here. (92)

A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming

14. ---Can I join your club? (92)

---You can when you ___ a bit older.

A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got

15. Shirley ___ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it.

A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing

16. I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio at that time.

A. has worked B. was working

C. had been working D. had worked

17. --- Your phone number again? I __ quite catch it.

---It’s 9563442. (95)

A. didn’t B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t

18. --- We could have walked to the station; it was so near.

--- Yes. A taxi ___ at all necessary. (92)

A.wasn’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t D. won’t

19---Come on in, Peter.I want to show you something.

---Oh, how nice of you! I __ you __ to bring me a gift.

A. never think ; are going

B. never thought; were going

C. didn’t think; were going

D. hadn’t thought; were going (90)

Correct the mistakes: (3A Unit 8)

I was traveling on a ship to Europe

where a terrible storm came.The ship 1.____

started to leak and the water comes in. 2.____

No matter what hard the sailors and 3.____

passenger worked at the pumps, the 4.____

water was still raising. The ship was 5.____

sinking very fast. There seemed to be no

hope.But the captain told us not give up 6.____

and he landed us safe in Liverpool.The 7.____

captain was the boy had got his geography 8.____

book thirty years ago by determination . 9.____

Today it was the same determination

which saved the lives of all the passengers. 10.___

1. when 2. came 3. how 4. passengers 5. rising 6. to give 7. true 8. who had

9. by-with 10. which – that

Aims and demands:

1. Develop the Ss’ listening ability .

2. Grasp the usage of the language points:

at the doctor’s , take a look,, knock into fell over

It feels a bit tense .

That sounds very interesting.

Difficulty: Ask the Ss to make a dialogue between the doctor and a patient.

Teaching methods: listening, speaking, practicing

Learning method: How to listen smartly

Teaching aids: tape recorder, some slides

Procedure:

Step 1. New words:

Step 2. Introduction

T: How many gold medals did the Chinese players win?

There are a lot of international champions in China in the 2000 Olympic Games.

The two of whom are gymnasts . Who are they ?

Ss: They are 李小鹏 and 刘璇 .

T: Li is an international champion on the double bars.

Liu is an international champion on the beam.

And also the whole Chinese gymnastic team have won the gold prize.

T: Today we are going to learn “ Gymnastics” .

Do you know what pieces of equipment are used in gymnastics ?

( Picture talking )

rings , beam, high bar, high-and-low bars, double bars, beam, “horse”(side horse / pummelled horse(鞍马) , vaulting horse(跳马))

T: Do men and women , boys and girls do the same kinds of exercises?

------- Men perform on the rings, on the double bars, on the high bar, and on a type of “horse” with our legs which has two handles fixed to the top surface.

While women perform on the high-and-low bars, one of which is higher than the other, and the beam, which is a length of wood only four inches wide which is fixed at a height of 1.20 meters above the ground.

Step 3. Listening

Listen to the tape and choose the correct answers:

1. Sharon is a gymnast. She is ______.

A. at the teacher’s B. at the doctor’s C. at her friend’s D. at home

2. Something is wrong with Sharon’s ______.

A. left leg B. right shoulder C. left shoulder D. right leg

3. Sharon hurt herself when she was _____.

A. doing some exercises B. finishing some exercises

C. on the high-and-low bars D. jumping

4. The change between ___ temperatures makes the blood move and the damaged parts begin to repair themselves.

A. hot and cool B. warm and cool C. cold and cool D. hot and cold

5. At the end of the week, throw the frozen peas away. They _____ to eat.

A. will be fit B. won’t be fit C. would not like D. would like to

BCADB

Step 4. Read by themselves and answer the questions;

1. Who was Sharon? ---- gymnast

2. What’s wrong with her? ---- Something is wrong with her left shoulder.

3. How did she hurt her shoulder? ---- While she was doing gym.

4. What kind of treatment did the doctor advise her to use? ----- to use the hot-cloth-and-frozen-peas treatment.

5. How often does she have to take this treatment? ---- twice a day for a week

6. Do you think that this interesting treatment is effective? ----- Yes.

7. Have you ever used the hot-cloth-and-frozen peas treatment? ---------

What treatment does the doctor tell her to do?

---- To use the hot-cloth-and-frozen-pea treatment.

Step 4. Reading and find out the language points

1. at the doctor’s

at my uncle’s

at the tailor’s

2. take a look at : have a look at

3. It feels a bit tense.

4. knock into sb.

Can you knock the nail into the wall?

The boy ran for the ball and knocked into a man.

He walked in the dark and knocked into a tree.

5. fall over

He slipped into a banana skin and fell over.

6. so on and so on : repeatedly

7. That sounds very interesting.

8. fit to eat:

Step 5. Practice

Make up a dialogue between the two---- one is a doctor and the other is a patient

Doctor: Asks a question

Patient: Says what the problem is

Doctor: Makes one or more comments and then gives some advice

Example:

D: Can I help you?

P: Yes, I can’t sleep well.

D: How can I help you?

P: Can you give me some medicine so that I can have a good sleep?

D: What can I do for you?

P: I’ve got a pain here. My left shoulder hurts.

D: Let me have a look at it.

P: Oh, I feel terrible.

D: Mmn, I see. It feels a bit tense, but it’s nothing serious.

P: Shall I take any medicine?

D: Yes. Take this medicine, two pills a time, three times a day. And try to use the hot-cloth-and-frozen peas treatment.

Step 6. workbook----- Ex 2

Homework : read two passages

At the doctor’s

When a patient comes in what will the doctor say?

What can I do for you?

How can I help you?

What seems to be the matter?

Can I help you?

What will the patient say?

I’ve got a pain…

I’ve got a headache and a cough day and night.

I’ve got a temperature and all my bones ache.

I feel terrible.

I hurt my leg while I was….

I don’t feel well.

Then what will the doctor say?

Let me take a look at it / you.

Let me feel your pulse.

Left me take your temperature.

Oh, I see. It’s nothing serious.

Have a good rest and you’ll ..

You’ll be all right / well better soon.

Take this medicine / two pills a time, three times a day.

Unit 9 Lesson 34~35 Gymnastics

Aims and demands: Develop the Ss’ reading ability and have a good understanding of the text

Difficulty and importance: Have a deeper understanding of the text

Teaching methods: Reading and listening and discussion

Learning methods: How to read fast

Teaching aids: a tape recorder and some slide shown

Procedure:

Step 1. Presentation

What kinds of equipment are used in doing the gymnastic exercises?

As we know from the dialogue , Sharon hurt her left shoulder while doing some exercises on the high-and-low bars. So while you are doing gym, you should be more careful.

Now look at the pictures and tell :

Where are the gymnasts doing exercises / performing? ( P 51)

Ss: He is performing on the high bar.

He is performing on the double bars.

He is jumping / performing on a “horse”.

She is performing on a beam.

Step 2. Listening

Listen to the tape of Lesson 34 and tell whether the following statements are true or false.

1. Olympic competitions started in Greece. T

2. Modern gymnastics began in the 18th century. F

3. If you want to become a top gymnast, it is important to start when you are 14 or 15 years old.F

4. Boys win Olympic gymnastics medals usually between the age of 19 and 25. T

5. Both boys and girls perform on the rings, on the double bars, on the high bar and so on. F

6. Only girls perform on the high-and-low bars. T

7. Only boys do floor exercises on the mat. F

8. Make sure you put on some watches, rings, and necklaces before you start. F

9. Wear tight clothing with collars but without belts so that it doesn’t catch on any of the equipment. F

10. Look after your health and do less practice if you are unwell or have any injury. F

Fill in the form: General information on gymnastics

1.The origin(起源)of the words “gymnastics” and “gym”

2.The origin of modern gymnastics

3.The importance of dance

4.The important point to become a top gymnast

5.Different pieces of equipment for men and women For men:

For women:

6.The same equipment for both men and women

Step 3. Reading------Details of the text (preparation)

Fill in the form: General information on gymnastics

1.The origin(起源)of the words “gymnastics” and “gym” The two words come from the Greek language, for it was in Greece that Olympic competitions started.

2.The origin of modern gymnastics It began in the nineteenth century. In 1811 an outdoor gymnastics center for men was opened in Berlin where they could do body-building and exercises on a high bar and other pieces of equipment.

3.The importance of dance It prepares you for the types of movements required in gymnastics. One of the aims is to make the body stronger for jumps and turns and for movements of balance. It also helps your body bend forwards, backwards and sideways, and improves the way you hold your body.

4.The important point to become a top gymnast It is important to start when very young. In fact, most gymnasts start with simple exercises while they are still at kindergarten.

5.Different pieces of equipment for men and women For men: Men perform on the rings, on the double bars, on the high bar, and on a type of “horse” with four legs which has two handles fixed to the top surface.

For women: Women perform on the high-and-low bars, one of which is higher than the other, and the “beam”, which is a length of wood only four inches wide which is fixed at a height of 1.20 metres above the ground.

6.The same equipment for both men and women Both men and women gymnasts do floor exercises on the mat and jump over a “horse” with four legs.

Step 4. Note making on the textbook ---P51

Step 5 . Workbook ----- Ex 1

Step 6 . Reading comprehension (3A Lesson 34)

Reading comprehension (3A Lesson 34) ABBDC ACBAA

1. The earliest gym competition took place in ___.

A. Greece B. Germany C. Sweden D. China

2. According to the text, when was modern gymnastics probably held?

A. In 1795 B. In 1811 C. In 1900 D. In 1912

3. What is a keep-fit programme?

A. A programme that is only suitable for children.

B. A programme that is to keep children in good condition.

C. A programme that is to help fat children to lose weight.

D. A programme that is to choose those children who are fit to become gymnasts in the future.

4. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

A. It was in Greece that the gymnastics competition started.

B. Gymnastics is performed in many countries.

C. People benefit a lot from exercising gym.

D. Gymnastics has a long history.

5. Why is dance an important part of training?

A. Because men make their bodies stronger in dancing.

B. Because women need dancing skills to perform in competitions.

C. Because dancing prepares the players for the kinds of movements required in gym.

D. Because dancing helps the body bend forwards, backwards and sideways.

6. When do most girls begin their gym training?

A. At kindergarten. B. I primary school.

C. In junior high school. D. In senior high school.

7. In which paragraph can we find the answer to the question: Why do girls win Olympic gymnastics medals earlier than boys?

A. Paragraph 2 B. Paragraph 3

C. Paragraph 4 D. Paragraph 5

8. what does “doing a handstand” in paragraph 5 probably mean?

A. Staying in one position without moving.

B. Standing on one’s hands with one’s feet in the air.

C. Stretching(伸展) one’s feet in a line on the floor while reaching out one’s hands straight.

D. Standing on one’s hands and feet with the body bent in a semicircle.

9. If you are a gymnast, and you are not feeling well today, what should you do?

A. Stop practice today.

B. Continue practising.

C. Have a rest first and then continue to practise.

D. Reduce part of the training exercises.

10. If you are a trainer, who is choosing children for the gym team, which factors (因素) will you take into consideration?

A. Age, height, sense of agreement of movements, sense of balance.

B. Figure, eyesight, sense of music, disposition(气质).

C. Length of fingers, sense of music, experience, physical strength.

D. Age, weight, physical strength, dancing skills.

Reading comprehension for 3A Lesson 35 BCACD

1. Why was Zhou Lan at a disadvantage before the competition?

A. Because she was not feeling well.

B. Because she did not have any experience of competition.

C. Because she had to join in the competition without her trainer’s company(陪伴)

D. Because she was not used to being away from home.

2. How did she feel before the competition?

A. She was nervous in her first competition.

B. She was confident that she would win.

C. She was not worried although this was her first competition.

D. She was glad to know that the other competitors were not used to being away from home.

3. In which way was it clear that she had done well?

A. She gave a very good performance and made no serious mistakes.

B. She landed neatly and steadily on the floor at the end.

C. She was not proud although she was better than others.

D. She did well in jumping over “horse” and the high-and-low bars.

4. Which happened to Zhou Lan second?

A. She performed on the high-and-low bars.

B. She made a new friend.

C. She did floor exercises on the mat.

D. Her fellow gymnasts came up to congratulate her.

5. Which of the following is true about Zhou Lan during the competition?

A. Firm and easy-going .

B. Proud and quiet.

C. Optimistic (乐观) and brave.

D. Relaxed and friendly.

Step 6. Deal with Lesson 35

Read the text and put these events in the correct order. Then try to retell the story in your own words.

A. As soon as the competition began they stopped talking.

B. Everyone cheered and clapped, and came up to congratulate her on her success.

C. Zhou Lan did very well in two pieces of equipment and on the floor.

D. She waited with the other gymnasts for the judges to announce the results.

E. Zhou Lan chatted with her fellow gymnasts before the competition started.

F. It was announced that Zhou Lan won the first place.

G. She went up to thank her trainer for her help. Her trainer was delighted.

H. She also gave an excellent performance on the high-and-low bars.

EACHDFBG

Homework: Do the workbook of Unit 9

Unit 9 Lesson 34~35 Gymnastics

Language points:

1. It was / is in Greece that ……强调句形

You met an old friend in the park yesterday.

It was you who met ………

It was an old friend that you……

It was in the park that…….

It was yesterday that……

2. There are also records of gymnastics being performed . ( Used as an attributive )

Complete the following :

(1) My bike is being repaired. (在修理)表语

(2) The house being built (在建的)by our company will be completed by the end of this year.定语

(3) The prices of the computers being shown (在展览的)here are still unknown.定语

(4) He didn’t mind being left (独自留在) at home. 宾语

(5) Being lost (迷路)can be a terrifying experience. 主语

3. prepare sb. for sth. 使某人对…进行准备

prepare …for sth.=get ready for 为…作准备

prepare 准备

老师在指导学生准备学期考试.

The teachers are preparing their students for the term examination.

The students are preparing for the exam.

The teachers are preparing the exam.

4. do sth to music 伴随音乐做事

They are dancing to light music.

The students are doing eye exercises to music.

5. win medals 获得奖章

gain full mark获得满分

6. keep one’s balance

keep the balance of nature

7. There are a few simple safety measures to follow while ( you are ) training.

8. Follow : a) to take or accept 遵守,采纳,听从

follow the safety measure

follow the teacher’s instructions

follow one’s advice

b) understand 领悟

You are speaking too fast and we can’t quite follow you.听懂

c) go along 沿..而行

Follow the path and you will see the cinema.

d) come or go after

She followed me into the classroom.

e) following can be used together with “the” , it means “next”

in the following year===next year

9. …… can be highly dangerous

highly: to a high degree 高度的,非常的

eg: Advertising is a highly developed twentieth-century industry. 高度发达的

He is a highly skilled worker. 非常熟练的

固定词组:

Speak highly of 高度赞扬

Think highly of 高度评价

Sing high praise for 高度表扬

Hold one’s head high 头抬得高高地

1. be content to do sth. 满足干…… 满意做……

be content with sth. 对……满意

2. each used as an

They each have a computer on the desk.

Each of them has a computer on the desk.

3. in all

in a word 总之

all in all

4. glance at : look quickly at / give a quick at

5. be busy doing sth.

They are busy training in the gymnastic.

We had been bus preparing for the mid-term examination.

6. gain points 得分

gain mark 得分

win the medal 得奖牌

7. drills

The first thing …. . was to go up her trainer and thanked her.

句中两个作表语的不定式 go up to 和 thank her for 都省略了 to ,这是因为主语有定语从句 she did 来修饰的缘故.

一般地说,解释 do 的精确意思的分句,可以用不带 to 的动词不定式.

我们现在想做的就是躺下来休息.

What we want to do now is ( to ) lie down and rest.

我所做的就是推了他一下.

What I did was ( to ) give him a little push.

字典的作用是帮助学生查生字的词义和用法.

What a dictionary does is ( to) help the students to find out the meaning and the usage of new words.

Agreement.

Correct the mistakes if any. ( Lesson 34~35)

1. It was in Greece where the Olympic competition started. ( that )

2. It was in 1811 when an outdoor gymnastics center for men was opened in Berlin. (that)

3. There are also records of gymnastics performing in China. ( being performed/performed)

4. My bike is repairing . ( being repaired)

5. He didn’t mind leaving at home alone . ( being left )

6. Being lost can be a terrifying experience. (true )

7. Dance is an important part of training as it prepares they for the types of movements required in gymnastics. ( them )

8. The students are preparing the exam. ( add for )

9. In competitions women perform some of their exercises with music. ( to )

(We do eye exercises to music.)

10. Men usually gained Olympic gymnastics medals between 19 to 25. ( won, between…and)

11. The gymnasts should hold a position steady, keep their balances while doing a handstand. (balance)

(steady adj, adv. Steadily adv. )

12. Training by yourself in a gym can be high dangerous. (highly )

Highly : to a high degree

广告业是二十世纪高度发达的行业.

Advertising is a highly developed twentieth century industry.

他是个非常熟练的工人.

He is a highly skilled worker.

Speak highly of

Think highly of

Sing high praise for

Hold one’s head high

Replace the following underlined phrases with the phrases in L35.

13. She is satisfied with her present job.

be content with sth.

be content to do sth.

14. In a word , she gave a good performance and landed neatly and steadily. (In all / all in all)

15. She gave a quick look at the judge. ( glanced at )

16. What we want to do now is lie down and rest. ( true )

字典的作用是帮助学生查生字的词义和用法.

What a dictionary does is ( to) help the students to find out the meaning and the usage of new words.

Correct the mistakes if any. ( Lesson 34~35)

1. It was in Greece where the Olympic competition started.

2. It was in 1811 when an outdoor gymnastics center for men was opened in Berlin.

3. There are also records of gymnastics performing in China.

4. My bike is repairing .

5. He didn’t mind leaving at home alone .

6. Being lost can be a terrifying experience.

7. Dance is an important part of training as it prepares they for the types of movements required in gymnastics.

8. The students are preparing the exam.

9. In competitions women perform some of their exercises with music.

10. Men usually gained Olympic gymnastics medals between 19 to 25.

11. The gymnasts should hold a position steady, keep their balances while doing a handstand.

12. Training by yourself in a gym can be high dangerous.

Replace the following underlined phrases with the phrases in L35.

13. She is satisfied with her present job.

14. In a word , she gave a good performance and landed neatly and steadily.

15. She gave a quick look at the judge.

16. What we want to do now is lie down and rest. ( true or false ?)

Exercises for Unit 9 ---3A DCABB CBB

1. ___ him and then try to copy what he does. (99)

A. Mind B. Glance at C. Stare at D. Watch

2. The little boy runs for the football and ___ a man standing there.

A. knocks down B. knocks at

C. knocks into D. knocks

3. I cheered do loudly at the match that I completely ___ my voice.

A. lost B. missed C. forgot D. left

4. --- Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls?

--- I don’t know. But this is the last time. The fans ___ them to win whole – heartedly.

A. hope B. require C. prefer D. demand

5. It was how the young man had learned five foreign languages ___ attracted the audience’s interest.

A. so that B. that C. what D. in which

6. It was for this reason __ her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village. (2001 S)

A. which B. why C. that D. how

7. It is the ability to so the job ___ matters not where you come from or what you are. (2000)

A. one B. that C. what D. it

8. It was not ___ she took off here dark glasses ___ I realized she was a famous film star. (92)

A. when; that B. until; that

C. until; when D. when; then

Correct the mistakes: (for Unit 9 --- 3A )

It was Sunday and Zhou Lan was going 1.____

to take part in the first gymnastic compe-

tition. As soon as her competition started, 2.____

she tried her best and did good in per- 3.____

forming on three pieces of equipments 4.____

as well as on the floor. Now the time came

to her performance on the high -and-low 5.____

bars. She stands below them and waited. 6.____

When the judge nodding, she began . 7.____

She jumped upwards, caught the high bar

in two hands and did a neat circle . 8.____

Altogether,she performed wonderful and 9.____

landed nearly and steadily on the floor. Then

came the results. Victory for Zhou Lan!

She was the one. 10.____

1. true 2. her--- the 3. well 4. equipment 5. to – for 6. stood 7. nodded 8. in – with

9. wonderfully 10. first

Aims and demands: Improve the Ss’ listening and speaking ability

Importance and difficulty: Enable them to use the following

1. I’m sure ……

2. I guess….

3. It seems that ……

4. It seems as if……

5. Something may have ……

6. She might / must have ……

7. turn up , mean to do sth.

8. It’s ( not ) like her to do……

Teaching aids: tape recorder , slide shown

Teaching methods: listening , speaking , understanding

Learning methods: How to deal with a dialogue

Procedure:

Step 1. Warming up

T: In a spring outing , if one of your classmates disappeared, what would you do?

1. Who do you telephone?

2. What do you try to find out?

3. What might have happened to people who disappear?

a. They may have an accident and are taken to hospital.

b. Someone may lose his way.

c. Someone may lose his memory.

d. He may be caught and taken away.

e. Some country girls were once sold as wives to people in some parts in China.

f. Someone may run away from home, as they have words with his parents.

Today we are going to learn a dialogue .Linda Bell has disappeared . Three students are searching for her room.

Step 2. Listening

Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer while listening

1. Three students are searching for ____ who has disappeared.

A. a girl B. Linda Bell C. Ann D. Kate

2. Linda was in school _____ .

A. on Friday afternoon B. on Saturday C. the whole week D. last Friday

3. Linda’s _____ are all on the desk.

A. papers and clothes B. clothes and books C. clothes D. papers and books

4. Linda didn’t come to school for ______.

A. three days B. two days C. half a day D. two weeks

5. Linda has gone somewhere ______.

A. with her purse B. without any money C. with much money D. with little money

BADBA

Step 3. Listen again and answer the questions:

1. What are they searching for?

2. What do they think has happened to Linda Bell?

------ It looks as if she’s gone away for a few days.

3. Why did they consider that Linda must have gone away for a few days?

Her things Place

1. clothes Most of them still in the cupboard

2. papers and books All over the desk

3. purse (will take it whenever she goes out)

4. a few coins At the back of the drawer

5. money belt (usually wears it round her middle)

6. bag (used to sit on top of the cupboard )

7.passport ( )

Step 4. Reading

Read the dialogue and try to guess from the picture which one is A?

-----The girl in the middle.

Do the work book Ex 1 on Page 109

1. Why is Student A sure that Linda Bell will turn up soon?

------ Because she thinks Linda is in another town visiting her friends.

2. Why is student B worried about Linda?

----- She thinks that Linda may have an accident.

3. Why does student C think Linda hasn’t left the college?

----- Because Linda has left most of her clothes, papers and books in her room.

4. Why do the girls finally think that Linda has gone somewhere for a few days?

----- Because they can’t find Linda’s passport, purse or money belt.

Step 5. Language points

Fill in the blanks with the correct form:

1. I’m sure she __________( turn up ) at the meeting. ( will turn up )

turn up : arrive unexpectedly

turn out : prove to be ; be in the end

2. I guess she ___________( go to visit ) some friends. ( has gone to visit )

3. Something may __________ ( happen ) to her. ( have happened )

4. She might ___________( have ) an accident. ( have had )

5. She must _________( take ) her passport with her. ( have taken )

情态动词表示推测:

1. ----- I can’t find Jack anywhere.

----- He ______ magazines in the reading room.

A. must be reading B. must read C. must have read D. must have been read

2. ----- Whatever has happened to George?

----- I don’t know. He _____ lost.

A. gets B. should get C. may have got D. can have got

3. Sir, you _____ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

A. can’t B. oughtn’t C. won’t D. needn’t

4. ----- She must have gone back to the valley.

----- No, she ______. The entrance to it was no-where to be found.

A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. hadn’t D. couldn’t

5. The light is still on. They _____ to turn it off when they left the room.

A. must forget B. must have forgotten C. may forget D. should have been

6. He ______ you more help , even though he was busy.

A. might have given B. might give C. may have given D. may give

7. ------ There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well.

----- It _______ a comfortable journey.

A. can’t be B. shouldn’t be C. mustn’t have been D. couldn’t have been

8. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ______ for her.

B. had to write it out B. ought to have written it out

C. should written it out D. ought to write it out

9. Tom, you are so lazy! This work _____ hours ago.

A. should have been finished B. should finish

C. must have finished D. might have finished

10. There was plenty of time, he ________.

A. mustn’t have hurried B. couldn’t have hurried

C. mustn’t hurry D. needn’t have hurried

表示推测的时候,可能性有大小

95% must probably

likely

60% may / might / could possibly

40% may /might not possibly not

can’t / couldn’t probably not

6. It looks as if she meant to return.

mean to do

mean doing

7. It looks as if she has gone away for a few days.

8. It is not like her to _________( miss ) two days of classes. ( have missed )

It’s just like sb. to do sth.

某人(恰恰)就是… 这样子

他就是这样的人,把工作推给别人.

It’s just like him to leave the work to others.

他可不是那样做的人.

It isn’t just like him to have done like that.

9. If she’s gone somewhere she _______( take ) the purse with her. ( must have taken )

Homework: Finish Wb.

情态动词表示推测:( Lesson 37 )

1. --- I can’t find Jack anywhere.

--- He __ magazines in the reading room.

A. must be reading B. must read

C. must have read D. must have been read

2. ----- Whatever has happened to George?

----- I don’t know. He _____ lost.

A. gets B. should get

C. may have got D. can have got

3. Sir, you ___ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

A. can’t B. oughtn’t

C. won’t D. needn’t

4. --- She must have gone back to the valley.

--- No, she ___. The entrance to it was no-where to be found.

A. mustn’t B. needn’t

C. hadn’t D. couldn’t

5. The light is still on. They ___ to turn it off when they left the room.

A. must forget B. must have forgotten

C. may forget D. should have been

6. He ____ you more help , even though he was busy.

A. might have given B. might give

C. may have given D. may give

7. ---- There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well.

---- It ___ a comfortable journey.

A. can’t be

B. shouldn’t be

C. mustn’t have been

D. couldn’t have been

8. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ___ for her.

A. had to write it out

B. ought to have written it out

C. should written it out

D. ought to write it out

9. Tom, you are so lazy! This work __ hours ago.

A. should have been finished

B. should finish

C. must have finished

D. might have finished

10. There was plenty of time, he ___.

A. mustn’t have hurried

B. couldn’t have hurried

C. mustn’t hurry

D. needn’t have hurried

Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer while listening (Lesson 37) BADBA

1. Three students are searching for ___ who has disappeared.

A. a girl B. Linda Bell C. Ann D. Kate

2. Linda was in school _____ .

A. on Friday afternoon B. on Saturday

C. the whole week D. last Friday

3. Linda’s _____ are all on the desk.

A. papers and clothes B. clothes and books C. clothes D. papers and books

4. Linda didn’t come to school for ______.

A. three days B. two days

C. half a day D. two weeks

5. Linda has gone somewhere ______.

A.with her purse B. without any money

C.with much money D. with little money

Fill in the blanks with the correct form:

1. I’m sure she _____( turn up ) at the meeting.

2. I guess she _____( go to visit ) some friends.

3. Something may _______ ( happen ) to her.

4. She might ________( have ) an accident.

5. She must ____( take ) her passport with her.

6. It looks as if she meant to return.

7. It looks as if she has gone away for a few days.

8. It is not like her to____( miss ) two days of classes.

9. If she’s gone somewhere she _____( take ) the purse with her.

Unit 10 Lesson 38~39 The Trick

Aims and demands:

1. Develop the Ss’ reading ability and have a deeper understanding of the text.

2. Grasp some language points and review direct speech and indirect speech.

Importance and difficulty:

1. phrases: turn up, in actual fact, in a flash, with fear, break off

2. Sentences/ drills:

a. On his arrival he went straight to the counter and spoke to the clerk in uniform behind it.

b. He might e attacked and have his case stolen from him.

c. The moment he entered the room, Bill fixed the chain across the door.

d. Outside the entrance stood two police officers with guns.

3. Direct speech and indirect speech.

肯定祈使句,否定祈使句,一般疑问句,特殊疑问句,时态及相关的变化。

4. Useful daily expressions:

I’m sure, she might have…, It looks as if…, She must have…, I guess…, She can’t …,It can’t be…

Step 1. Fast reading

True or False statements: T F F T T F T F F F

1. Bill Banks was very worried about his computer program.

2. Bill got the computer program from Cairo.

3. He wanted to take the computer program to the USA.

4. Bill found two men were following him.

5. He was eagerly to escape from the two men.

6. He took a taxi to “Pyramid Hotel” for two nights.

7. With the help of the hotel clerk, he got the room he required.

8. He walked upstairs to telephone Mick and told him what to do.

9. Bill would go to Japan instead of Mick.

10. Bill bought a magazine from a bookshop beside the hotel.

Step 2. Picture talking

T: Bill Bank was extremely worried. Why?

Ss; Because two men were following him. And he was afraid that they would try to steal the computer program from him.

T: Where was he planning to take the computer program to ?

Ss: Japan.

T: When he glanced over his shoulder, what did he find?

Ss: The two men were still following him.

T: What did he do then?

What plan began to form in his mind?

Ss: He held out a hand and stopped a taxi. He went to Pyramid Hotel where he had ever stayed.

T: What did the two men do when they saw Bill go away?

Ss: They followed him to the Pyramid Hotel.

T: When Bill entered the hotel, what did the two men do?

Ss: The two men watched him from outside the hotel.

T: What did Bill say to the clerk when he got to the counter?

Ss: “ I’d like a room for one night,” he said.

T; With the help of the clerk, Bill got a room in the hotel , but he didn’t go to the room immediately. He went to make a telephone call. To whom did he make the telephone call?

Ss; Mick.

T; What did Bill tell him ( Mick) to do?

Ss: To come to Pyramid Hotel as quickly as possible. To take his passport with him and lots of money, and he was going to Japan instead of Bill.

T: Did Mick come at last?

Ss: Yes.

T: When bill saw Mick arriving, what did he ask the clerk to do?

Ss; To show him to his room he wanted.

T: Which room was it?

Ss: Room 411.______________________________

L39

1. The man with the beard smiled to himself, Why?

----- He thought he was about to make a lot of money.

2. What did Bill do after he entered the room?

----- Fixed the chain, pushed a table against the door.

3. How was he feeling?

----- afraid, worried, nervous

4. What was he worrying about?

----- The two men might try to break into the room.

5. Just then the telephone began to ring. Who do you think is ringing to him?

----- Mick.

6. Has Mick ever been to Japan?

----- No.

7. How was he feeling?

----- A bit nervous.

8. What did he do?

----- He put his hand inside his case and felt the flat box containing the computer program.

10. Did the two men succeeded in getting into the room?

----- Yes.

How did they come into the room?

------ They forced open the door of Room 411.

11. What was curious about the hotel room?

------ It had two flights of stairs, leading to the room above it.

12. What do you think the man with beard was feeling/

------ Unhappy .

Why ?

------ He couldn’t get the computer program.

13. In your opinion, what instructions did Bill give Mick in the second telephone call?

------ To come to Room 511.

14. What the end of the story?

Step 3. Comprehension

Reading comprehension for 3A Lesson 38 --- The trick ACDBA BCDC

1. Bill banks was followed by the two men because ___.

A. they wanted the computer program in his case

B. they wanted the money in his case

C. they wanted to buy the computer program

D. they wanted to buy the computer program

2. What might Bill do according to his action?

A.A scientist B. A teacher C. A spy D. An official

3. What is not true about his going to the Pyramid Hotel?

A. He wanted to get rid of the two men.

B. He wanted to send the computer program to Japan.

C. He wanted to meet Mick there.

D. He wanted to have a rest.

4. What does “flash” in the first paragraph mean?

A. bright light B. very short time

C. hurry D. rush

5. What does “fair” in paragraph 4 mean?

A. light-colored B. fat C. thin D. handsome

6. While Bill asked the clerk for a room, the two men were ___.

A. in the hotel B. outside the hotel

C. in the taxi D. on the way to the hotel

7. Why did Bill ask Mick not to say anything while making the phone call to his room?

A. Bill wanted the call to be short.

B. Bill wanted to have a bath and go to bed.

C. Bill feared that the followers might learn his plan by Mick’s words.

D. Mick was a careless person.

8. According to the last paragraph, who was the tall fair man with sunglasses?

A. Another follower. B. A visitor to Cairo.

C. Bill’s assistant. D. Mick.

9. Bill asked for Room 411 because _____.

A. it was more comfortable than the others

B. it was the cheapest

C. it would help him a lot to carry out his plan

D. it was kept especially for him

Reading comprehension for 3A Lesson 39 CBDCB

1. How many followers were there altogether?

A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8

2. What does “curious” in paragraph 3 mean?

A. eager to learn B. strange

C. wonderful D. beautiful

3. What was the room number Bill told Mick on the phone?

A. 311 B. 411

C. 511 D. The text doesn’t mention it.

4. The followers failed to get Bill and the computer program because they ____.

A. were too slow

B. were too anxious to think carefully

C. didn’t know the special structure(结构)of Room D. lacked hands

5. According to paragraph 1, what might the bearded man plan to do with the computer program?

A. He was going to use it himself.

B. He was going to sell it.

C. He was going to hide it.

D. He was going to destroy it.

Step 4. Workbook

Homework

Unit 10 Lesson 38~39

Language points

Step 1. Listen the tape and deal with the languages:

1. pick up sth. from…

get / gain sth. from…

eg. I’ll pick you up on my way home.

I’ll pick up some vegetables on my way home.

2. glance over one’s shoulder 向身后看一眼

glance at 很快地看

glance through 粗略地看

eg. Zhou lan glanced at the judge who were busy ….

He glanced through the letter, tore it and throw it into the fire.

3. in a flash

eg. Thousands of houses collapsed in the earthquake.

It seemed that everything happened in a flash.

4. form a plan in one’s mind

an idea come to one’s mind

5. On his arrival…

As soon as he arrived

6. hold out

hold on

7. break into

8. Outside the entrance stood two police officers with guns.

On the wall hangs a picture.

9. … have his case stolen

have sth . done

eg. While she was training in the gym she had her leg hurt.

Tom had his hands burnt.

He will have his hair cut this afternoon.

10. drive up to ….. 开车来到。。。前面

11. smile to oneself 暗自笑

think to oneself 暗自想

1. the moment …=as soon as

一些表示时间的名词词组如:the moment, the minute, the time , the first (second…last) time, immediately 等和从句连用,可以看作是名词词组后省略了that 的定语从句,也可以看作是名词词组引导时间状语。

2. be safe with sb.

3. force open the door 把门撞开

4. break off 砸断

5. push… to one side. 把。。。推到一边

Step 2. Workbook

Step 3. Exercises:

Exercises for Unit 10 ( 3A) BABAB ADCCC ABABD DBBAC

1. ___ arriving in Tibet, the soldiers at once joined them in their work.

A. At B. On C. The moment D. In

2. Shall we ___ our discussion and have some tea or coffee, please?

A. break off B. bread down

C. break into D. break out.

3. --- Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

--- Yes. I gave it to her___ I saw her.

A. while B. the moment C. suddenly D. once

4. He is always a polite boy. ___.

A. It’s not like him to have said that.

B. It’s not like him saying that .

C. He is not like saying that .

D. He is not like to have said that.

5. --- Did Jim come?

--- I don’t know. He ____ while I was out.

A. might come B. might have come

C. must have come D. should have come

6. ___ he spoke we recognized his voice.

A. The moment B. The moment when

C. This moment D. That moment

7. When he saw the man in ___ uniform, his heart was ___ wildly with fear.

A. a; beating B. / ; hitting

C. / ; jumping D. / ; beating

8. The moment he ___ the room, Bill fixed the chain ___ the door.

A. would enter, across B. entered, over

C. entered , across D. enters, on

9. ___ , I will give the book to him.

A. The moment I will see him

B. As soon as I will see

C. On seeing him

D. At seeing him

10. --- I wonder why Mr Lee looks worried today.

--- I’m not sure, but he ___ a small accident driving here.

A. must have had B. might have

B. might have had D. broke in

11. He was so angry that he ___ his pencil.

B. broke off B. broke down

C. broke into D. broke in

12. I thought her nice and honest ___ I saw her.

A. for the first time B. the first time

C. a moment ago D. at the moment

13. He hurried out of the meeting room ___ the meeting was over.

A. the moment B. one moment

C. a moment ago D. at the moment

14. --- Mary said she was tired of studying English.

--- It isn’t like her __ like that.

A. to say anything B. to have said anything

C. have said something D. say anything

15. ___ he saw the funny child, he burst into ___.

A. The last time, laugh B. The minute, a laughing C. The sooner a laugh D. The moment , laughing

16. ---The light is on. Could you have forgotten to turn it off?

---Yes, I ___.

A. could B. should C. must D. might have

17. The thief ___ the lock of the lady’s jewellry case open.

A. hit B. forced C. stole D broke

18. --- What do you think of the plan?

--- It ___ good, but I’m not sure.

A. must be B. may be C. mustn’t be D. can’t be

19. Mr Bush is on time for everything. How ___ it be that he was late for the opening ceremony?

A. can B. should C. may D. must

20. The speaker ___ in the middle of a sentence.

A. broke out B. broke into

C. broke off D. broke in

Correct the mistakes for 3A Unit 10---- The trick

Bill was going to leave Cairo to Japan 1.____

with a case in which there was a important 2.____

computer program for a new type of defence 3.____

satellite.Two strange men were follow him 4.____

on the way to the airport. Realizing the danger,

Bill played a trick in the two men.He went 5.____

to the hotel instead going straight to the 6.____

airport He let the clerk help him off. Then 7.____

he telephoned his friend Mick come to the 8.____

hotel and went to Japan instead of him. One 9.____

hour later, Mick was at the airport waited 10.____

to get on the plan

1.to-for 2. an 3. true 4. following 5. in – on 6. instead of

7. off-out 8. to come 9. went – go 10. waiting

Exercise for Lesson 37 (3A)

1. The book you have lost will ___ ___ soon.

2. For some reason, she didn’t ___ ___ , which made us disappointed.

3. She must ____ ___. Her eyes are red.

4. You may ___ ___ the book, since you have one.

5. He is a good student. It isn’t ___ ____ to have cheated in the exam.

6. It looks as if they ______ know it.

It looks as if it __ ___ __ rain.

Exercises for Lesson 38

1. I’ll _____ you ____ on my way home.

2. I’ll ____ ____ some vegetables on my way back home from work.

3. He ___ ___ the clock and saw that he was late.

4. He ___ ___ his shoulder to find if he was being followed.

5. He ___ ___ the letter, tore it and threw it into the fire.

6. Thousands of houses collapsed in the earthquake. It seemed that everything happened ___ ___ ___.

7. A plan began to ____ in his mind.

8. They were ready to ____ ___ a friendly hand.

9. The traffic was ___ ___ by an accident.

10. Are you tired, can you ___ ___?

11. The car was ___ ___ by the fog.

12. ___ ___ from the university , he found a job.

13. His face turned pale ____ ___ .

14. The patient was burning ___ ___.

15. While she was training in the gym, she had he leg ____.

16. Kate ___ her finger ___ while cooking.

17. He will ___ his hair ___ this afternoon.

Lesson Plan

School: Jiangdu No.1 Middle School

Teacher: Tong Zhigang

Time: 8:35----9:20

Materials: Junior English for China, Students' Book2A Unit13 Lesson49

Objectives: Make the students learn

(1) the new words: born, question, February, did, move, because, enjoy

(2) the Past Indefinite Tense

Teaching Aids: Projector, tape-player, tape of text

Procedure and Time Arrangement

Step1 Revision (5')

(1) Ask Ss some questions to revise the food vocabulary.(2')

a. Did you have porridge for breakfast this morning?

b. What did you have for lunch yesterday?

c. What did she have for supper yesterday? Etc.

(2) Ask Ss some questions with the word "how" one by one. (3')

a. How old are you?

b. How many lights are there in our classroom?

c. How far is your home from school?

d. How is your mother?

e. How much is your coat?

f. How long did you watch TV yesterday?

g. How often do you go to the cinema? Etc.

Step2 Presentation (25')

(1)Ask the student on duty to tell something about himself/herself, including his/her birthday and all places where he/she has lived. According to what the student says, teach new words.(5')

T: His birthday is July8. He is 14. We can say" he was born on July8, 1987."(Ss repeat)

T: He is from Taizhou." He was born in Taizhou."(Ss repeat)

Teach the new word: born (Then let the Ss make sentences.)

be born on + 某天

be born in + 某地/某年/某月

Then ask the student on duty:

a: Why did you come to Jiangdu in 1992?

b: How do you like the city?

Teach the words: why, because and enjoy (Then let the Ss make sentences.)

---Why...?

---Because....

enjoy (=like)

enjoy sth /enjoy doing sth.

(2) Show a picture of Jim and the map in the text. Tell something about Jim. (Point to the map.) (5')

This is Jim. He was born in England. He lived there for about 5 years. Then he moved to France. He moved there because his father found work in Paris. Then he came to China because his father wanted to work here. Now he is enjoying living here.

Teach the new words: move, found (Then let the Ss make sentences.)

move to + 地点

move here/there

find---found go---went come---came move---moved etc.

Then read all the new words on the Bb.(Ss repeat)

(3) Part1 Speech Cassette Lesson49. Ask the students :( 6’)

a. When was Jim born?

b. When did he come to China?

Play the tape for the students to find the answers.(1987,1992)

(Books Open) Play the tape again. Ss listen and repeat.

(4) Wb Lesson49 Ex1. Answer "Right” or "Wrong". Then correct the wrong sentences.(4')

(5) Give a time line about the dialogue in Part1.(5')

5 years 2 years

February 18, 1987 1992 1998 2000

Was born moved to France came to China now

In England father found work wanted to work enjoy living

in Paris in China here

According to the time line, ask the Ss the questions in Part2 one by one. Check the answers with the whole class. Then ask and answer the questions in pairs.

Step3 Reinforcement (14')

(1)Let the students practise reading and acting out the whole dialogue in SB Lesson49. Part1. (4')

(2)Make up similar dialogues. Give two situations.(6')

Situation1: 户籍登记

T: If you're in a police station, a policeman will help you fill in a form, he'll ask you some questions.

Situation2:招聘

T: If you want to find a job in a factory. You can introduce yourself to the boss. Ask the Ss to act out their dialogues in pairs, and then come to the front.

(3) Ask the students to fill in a dialogue and change some sentences. Check their answers. (4')

一、补全对话。

A: Hi! May I ask some questions?

B: Certainly.

A: When were you born?

B: I was born on May18, 1980.

A: Where were you born?

B: I was born in a town near Hang Zhou.

A: How long did you live there?

B: We lived there for about eight years. Then we moved there.

A: Why did you come here?

B: Because my father must come to work in a factory here.

二、就划线部分提问。

1. Lucy was born in August, 1982.

When was Lucy born?

2. He went to America because he wanted to study there.

Why did he go to America?

3. They lived there for three months.

How long did they live there?

4. Tom was born in New York.

Where was Tom born?

5. Kate had five pens in her hand.

How many pens did Kate have in her hand?

Step4. Homework (1')

a. Write a passage about Jim.

b. Finish off Exx3 and 4 in the workbook.

Step1: Greeting

Step2: Revision

Go over the words and expressions of the unit.

Ask some students to read the words.

Step3: Lead-in

There are many things happened around us every day. How do you know what happened around us? Please look at some pictures about the news that we are familiar with and try to answer my questions.

Step4: Warming-up

1. Questions

(1) From where do we get these news?

(2) How many different forms of news media do you know?

Show some pictures about different forms of news media and ask the students what they are.

2. Discussion

(1) what is the most reliable medium?

(2) Are there any differences among the five news media?

TV

cheap, quick, with pictures and sounds

// have to own a TV set

Internet

update, much information, quick, you can comment on the affairs immediately if you want / have a computer which is linked to the Internet

Radio

quick, convenient // can’t enjoy pictures

Newspaper

much information, quick // can’t express one’s idea freely

Magazine

provide people with detailed information on a certain subject / focused on a topic /published weekly / monthly // news comes late

Step5: Speaking

1. lead-in

Imagine you are an editor of Suqian Daily. Here are ten things that happened today, form which you can choose five and decide which events you are going to put in your newspaper. Give your reasons for your choices. Then act out your discussion .

Ten things for you to choose from:1. 200 people died in an earthquake in Turkey.

2. France elected a new president.

3. Two men robbed a bank in Shanghai.

4.A house in your city burnt down. Nobody was injured.

5. 2,000 people in your city moved into new buildings today and were happy.

6. A Chinese scientist has invented a new car engine that does not pollute the air.

7. There is a rumour that a large company wants to build a factory in your city.

8 China beat Brazil 2-1 in football.

9. Three children from your city were killed.

10. Food prices are going up.

2. language points

(1) Two men robbed a bank in Shanghai.

rob 是及物动词,意为“抢”,其宾语必须 是人或地点,即抢劫的对象,而不能是所抢的东西;对于所抢的物品要用of短语表示,可构成“rob+人/地点+of+某物”的结构。

Eg: 1. 那个人抢了我的金表。

The man robbed me of my gold watch.2. 他们从银行抢走了一大笔钱。They robbed the bank of a big sum of money.steal是“偷”的意思,其宾语可以是人也可以是某人的物品,即steal sb’s sth.或steal sth. from sb.

小偷偷走了我的金表。The thief stole the gold watch from me.

The thief stole my gold watch.

(2) China beat Brazil 2-1 in football.beat与defeat同义,他们的主语必须是“人”或是一个集体,如a team, a class, a school, an army等。 beat的本义是指在比赛中打赢或胜过某人,而defeat的本义是指在战场上打败敌人,但它们通常可以互换使用。

win表示在较强的竞争中取得了胜利,其宾语可以使game, war, prize, fame, battle等,但不能是竞争或战争的对手。.我们在篮球比赛中赢了他们。

We beat them in the basketball game他打败了所了有其他的选手而获得金牌。

He beat all the other players and won the gold medal.我们以6:3战胜了他们。We beat/defeat them by the score of 6 to 3.3.Discussion

2000 people in your city were happy today and moved to new buildings.

People want to know what happened to the people and why they moved to new buildings and who built the houses.

France elected a new president.

People who care for international problems would like to read the news, especially those who want to know the result of the election in France.

There is a rumor that a large company wants to build a factory in your town.

People, especially in my town, want to know if it’s a rumor or not. If a new factory is built, they can get jobs, which are important to their lives.

Food prices are going up.

Food is very important to people’s life. On one hand, going-up prices can increase farmers’ income; on the other hand, it will affect other people’s living standards.

Three children from your city were killed.

Many people are interested in social problems. They may be eager to know the causes and the results of the accident.

Example:

A: What do you think of these events?

B: I think we should choose the story about the three children in our city. This event is the most important because the people in our city need to know about this.C: Maybe it would be better to choose the story about the earthquake in Turkey. 2oo people died there, not just three.

D:I agree that we should report that too, but the story about the children is more important. What’s your opinion?

When you ask your partner, you may say:

What do you think of …?

What’s your opinion?

Why do you choose…?

When you answer the question, you may say:

I would rather choose…I don’t think we should choose…Maybe it would be better to choose..

Our readers want to know about…5. Make up dialogues

Ask the students to make up dialogues to decide which events they are going to put in their newspaper and give the reasons for their choices. They can use the useful expressions that are given.

Step6 Homework

Prepare the reading passage.

一、教学目标与要求

通过本单元教学,使学生能巩固在上一个单元中所到的There+be句型及各种句式,较为熟练地运用这个句型去从不同角度提问,并能做正确应答。

二、教学重点与难点

1)句型:l)Is there a…/Are there any…?2)How many houses are there…

2)音标:学习认读以下辅音连缀:[tr],[],[ts],[]

3语法:继续学习there十be句型,掌握该句型各种句式;总结名词的复数形式。

三、课时安排

本单元共4课时,每课1课时。

第八十一课Lesson Eighty-one

一、教学内容

1、词汇(略)。

2、句型:Is there a…?Yes,there isn't.

二、教具

录音机;几件学习用具(如铅笔盒等);教室内其他实物,一张挂图(内容与第81课插图相同)。

三、课堂教学设计

1、值日生报告。

2、教师重复第79课教案中步骤4(参阅第79课教案)。然后向学生提问:

T:Is there a pencil-box on the teacher's desk?

启发学生答出:Yes,there is.

T:Is there a cat(或其他讲台桌上没有的东西)on the teacher's desk?

启发学生答出:No,there isn't.

教师可板书Yes,there isn't.让学生自己观察有关There十be这个句型的肯定及否定回答方式(可顺便介绍该句型复数形式的应答方法)。

3教师借助教室内实物或学生课桌上的学习用具,与学生进行以下问答:

T:Is there a picture/map on the wall?Is there a broom behind the door?Is there a foot-ball under the desk?

直到学生能按实际情况准确熟练地应答为止。

4打开书,学生看图。听录音,跟读两遍后,模仿课文用There十be的句型来描写这幅图。教师在黑板上小结这个句型,并解释有关地点状语的位置问题(即放在前面或后面都可以,通常地点状语放在后面,表示强调时可提前)。

5两人一组,先就图片内容按课文第二部分要求进行问答;借助教室内实物,用该句型进行问答练习,请几组同学表演自己的答案。

6指导学生做练习册习题,要求学生用笔头形式完成。

7.布置作业

1)抄写生词,用There十be句型描述教室;2)完成练习册习题。

四、难点讲解

"Is there a picture on the wall?墙上有幅画吗?

这是Then十be句型的疑问句,其构成是将be动词提到There之前,句尾用问号。例如:

There are some birds in the picture.(图画中有些鸟。)变成疑问句就是:Are there any birds in the picture?(图画中有鸟吗?)

变化时,除了应注意be动词位置的变化,还要将肯定式中的some 改为any这个句式的否定形式的构成是将be之后加not,同时,原句中如有some一词,也应改为any.例如:

There is a bird in the tree.树上有一只鸟。

There isn't a bird in the tree.树上没有鸟。

There are some children behind the house.房后有些孩子。

There aren't any children behind the house.房后没有小孩。

对疑问句的应答,如果是肯定的,可以答:Yes,there is 或there are.如果是否定的,可以说:No,there isn't.或there aren't.

在这个句型的一般疑问句之前,加上疑问词,变成特殊疑问句。例如,

How many birds are there in the picture?图片中有多少只小鸟?

There are four birds in the picture.图中有4只鸟。

使用how many提问时,即可针对复数形式的名词提问,也可针对单数形式的名词提问。

在应答中,可以按实际情况回答。例如:

A:How many boats are there in the river?河里有多少只船?

There is only one.仅有一只。

第八十二课Lesson Eighty-two

一、教学内容

1.词汇(略)。

2.句型:l)Are there any….in the picture ? Yes, there aren't.2)How

many…are there in the picture?

二、教具

录音机;教室内实物等。

三、课堂教学设计

1.复习。借助教室内实物,与学生进行问答练习(参阅上一课教案)。

2.打开课本,学生看图。就图中内容两人一组进行问答(除对a cat提问外,还可对a tree,a house,a river等提问)。

3.依然使用这张画,教师用该句型的复数形式向学生提问:Are there any boats/birds/flowers in the picture?

启发学生回答:Yes, there are.

T: How many boats/birds/flowers are there in the picture?

启发学生按图中内容,进行回答:There are three/eight.或:There is only one,

教师再问一两个图中没有的实物:How many bikes are there in the picture?

学生答出:There aren't any.

放录音。学生跟读一至两遍。

4.学生两人一组,就这幅画内容,模仿课本上的问题,进行问答练习。教师请几组同学表演自己的对话。

用课文第四部分的问题,两人一组进行问答。教师讲解本段练习中的词汇,并指导学生还可加进一些其他内容,如:可对desks, chairs,墙上挂的地图、图片等进行问答练习。最后请几组同学表演自己的对话。

5指导学生做练习册习题。要求学生用笔头形式完成。

6布置作业

1)抄写生词,朗读本课对话;2)完成练习册习题。

第八十三课Lesson Eighty-three

1、词汇(略)。

2复习前两课所学句型。

二、教具

录音机。

三、课堂教学设计

1、借助教室内实物(包括学生数、男孩数、女孩数等)仿照第82课二、三部分与学生进行问答练习。这次可由同学在前面来提问,其他同学回答。

2,打开书,学生看图。利用图片,教本课生词。对每一幅图,尽量多提一些问题,使学生得到充分练习。另外,对以下提问形式交替使用:

T: What can you see in this picture? Can you see....in the picture? Is there a...in the

picture? Are there any...In the Picture? How many...Can you see in the picture?

How many ...are there in the picture? Where is he/are they? The boys in picture2

can play football. What about you? The girl in picture 3 can fly a kite. What about

you?

3.两人一组,就本课图片内容,按课文第一部分所提供的问题,进行问答练习。请几组同学表演自己的问答。

4做课文第二部分听力练习。打开练习册,学生边听录的过做习题1。录音放3遍,然后核对答案。

5。指导学生做 其他习题。

6。布置作业

用笔头形式完成练习册习题。

四、难点讲解

at work在工作。

这是个固定的搭配,中间不加冠词。类似的例子还有:at home, at school等。这些短语中的at都表示"在某一点"。例如:

A:Where is Meimei?Is she at home?美美在哪儿,她在家吗?

B:No,she is school.不,她在学校。

A:What about her father?她父亲呢?

B: I think he is at work.我想他在班上。

第八十四课Lesson Eighty-four

一、教学内容

1.单元复习。

2.学习认读以下辅音连缀[ts],[ds] ,[tr], [dr] 练习句子重音和语调。

3.总结There十be句型的用法。

4总结名词复数形式的构成。

二、教具

录音机;音标卡片。

三、课堂教学设计

1.复习(参考上课教案)。

2.教师拿出以下音标卡片,教学生认读: [ts],[ds],[tr],[dr] 。放课文第一部分录音,学生跟读,并自己小结:这些辅音连缀由哪些字母来作为表现形式。

放课文第二部分录音。学生模仿句子重音和语调。

3.两人一组,完成第三部分对话。要求学生用笔头形式完成。请几位同学给出自己的答案。

4指导学生过一遍复习要点(21),教师总结:There十be句型的各种句式,并指导学生参阅课本第128页内容。

5小结:名词的复数形式。指导学生参阅书后列出的表格。

6. 指导学生做练习册习题。

7.布置作业

完成练习册习题,参阅有关语法条目。

8.小测验

1)听写本单元中要求四会的单词和主要句型;2)借助本单元第82、83课图片(任

选),编写小对话(要求用本单元出现的句型编写)。

四、难点讲解

名词的复数形式

在第七单元,我们初步接触了一些可数名词的变化形式。一般情况下,在单数形式后面加-s。如果这个名词的单数形式以清辅音结尾,所加的才要发[s]的音。例如: desk----desks 课桌 map---maps 地图

如果这个名词的单数形式以浊辅音或元音结尾,那么所加的书要发[z]的音。例如:

river---rivers 河流 day---days 天,日 school----schools 学校

在以-s,-x,-ch,-sh等结尾的单数名词后面加-es,读音为[iz]。例如:

bus---buses 公共汽车 watch---watches 手表

在以-cs,-se,-ze,-ge或-dge 等结尾的名词后面加-s,读音为[iz].例如:

orange---oranges house---houses

遇到以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,变y为i,再加-es,其读音为 [iz]。例如:

baby---babies 婴儿 family---families 家庭

此外,还有一些名词的复数 形式是不规则的,如本单元中出现的以下例词:

man---men 男人 woman---women 女人 child---children 小孩

这些不规则变化,需要认真记忆。

第一章 虚拟语气

一 知识归纳

1. 虚拟语气在if条件句中的应用

1) 三种形式

条件从句中的动词 结果主句中的动词 示例

与现在的事实相反 动词的过去式

be动词一律用were would/could/might/should +动词原形 If I had time, I would attend your party.

与过去的事实相反 had+过去分词 would/could/might/should +have +过去分词 You didn’t let me drive. If we had driven in turn, you wouldn’t have got so tired.

与将来的事实相反 should+动词原形

were to+动词原形 would/could/might/should +动词原形 If it were to snow /should snow tomorrow, we should take photos.

2) 虚拟条件句中有were, had, should时, 可把if省略,而把were, had, should放在主语前,用到装结构, 这种结构主要用于书面语中. 如:

Were it necessary, I might resign.

Had you informed me earlier, I would not have signed the contract.

Should I have time, I would call on her

Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Summer Palace

3) 错综时间条件句

在这种条件句中,虚拟条件主句和从句的动作发生的时间不一致,因此,主句和从句的谓语动词要根据各自所指的不同时间选择适当的动词形式, 如:

If I were you, I would not have missed the film last night. (现在---过去)

If they had started in the early morning, they would arrive in half an hour(过去---将来)

If you had asked him when you saw him last time, you would know what to do now. (过去---现在)

4) 含蓄条件句

有些句子中, 没有任何表示虚拟语气的词,短语或从句,但仍要用虚拟语气. 这时,要么是省略了表示虚拟语气的部分, 要么隐含在上下文之中. 如:

I would do anything for her (if I could)

We would have made a lot of money (but we gave up halfway)

Without electricity life would be quite different today. (If there were no electricity)

5) 用介词代替条件状语从句, 常见的介词有with , without, but for 如:

What would you do with a million dollars (if you had a million dollars?)

We would not have finished the word on time without your help (=if you had not helped us)

But for the rain, (if it had not been for the rain,) we would have finished the work

2. 宾语从句中的虚拟语气

1) wish后宾语从句的虚拟语气

与现在事实相反, 用were或动词的一般过去式;与过去事实相反, 用had+过去分词;表示将来没有把握或不太可能实现的愿望,用would/could/might+动词原形,后的从句不能用should.如:

I wish she were here.

I wish you would go with us tomorrow

I wish she had taken my advice

2) order, suggest, demand, insist, 等表示命令,要求, 建议的词后宾语从句的虚拟语气,形式为(should)+动词原形

3. as if /as though 后有时用虚拟语气

1) 从句所设想的时间与主句动作同时发生,从句动词用过去时(be用were)

It looks as if she were sick.

He looks as though he knew the girl

2) 从句所设想的时间动作于主句谓语发生,从句动词用had+过去分词. 如:

I feel as if we had known each other for years

He talks about pyramids as though he had seen them himself

4. (should )+动词原形在某些从句中的应用

1) 当宾语从句从的谓语是suggest, request, insist, desire , demand, propose, order, command, arrange等动词时,如:

I suggested that we should go there on foot.

注意:当suggest表示暗示,表明时,不用虚拟语气,用陈述语气.如:

The smile on her face suggested that she was satisfied with our work.

当insist表示坚持认为之意时, 不用虚拟语气,用陈述语气. 如:

The man insisted that he had never stolen the money

2) It is ordered/desired/decided/requested/strange/important/natural/a pity 等后的主语从句中

It is desired that we should get everything ready tonight

3) advice, idea, order, plan, demand, proposal, suggestion, request等名词之后的表语从句和同位语从句中.如:

My suggestion is that we should hold a meeting this evening

5. would rather, had better后的句子的虚拟语气

1) 接动词原形, 指现在或将来的时间, 表示主语的主观愿望和选择

I would rather do it today

You had better not go dancing tonight

2) 接不定式的完成式, 表示过去的某种不恰当的选择. 如:

I would rather not have told her the news. She is such a gossip

3) 接从句, 用一般过去时, 表示现在或将来的愿望;用过去完成时,表示过去的愿望.如:

I would rather you paid the money yourself

I would rather she had not done that

6. it is (high) time that ….句型中, 从句的谓语动词用过去式,或should +动词原形, 其中should不能省掉.如:

It is time that you went to school

It is time that we should start out

7. 在含有if it were not for 或if it had not been for 条件句的虚拟语气中. 如:

If it were not for the rain, the crops would die

If it had not been for your help, we could not have finished the work ahead of time

8. 用于if only引导的感叹句中

If only I were a flying bird!

If only I had seen the film!

二 学法建议

在学习if引起的虚拟条件句时, 同学们首先要牢记它的三种形式, 它将为学习此类句子奠定基础, 在此基础上, 才能掌握倒装的虚拟条件句,混合虚拟条件句等

综观历年的高考题及各地测试题,wish 引导的宾语从句的虚拟语气, if引导的虚拟条件及含蓄条件句是测试的重点,务必请同学们在学习中加以注意

在学习as if引导的表语从句或状语从句中的虚拟语气时, 要很好理解句子, 在判定表示虚拟时,再使用虚拟语气,并要牢记动词的形式

对if only的学习也是不容忽视的一个要点. 它表示"要是…..就好了”, 谓语用一般过去时表示现在没有实现的愿望, 用过去完成时表示过去没有实现的愿望. 如:

If only she had known where to find you!

If only I could speak several foreign languages!

五年高考

1. If only he ____quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now.

A. lies

B. lay

C. had lain

D. should lie

2. How I wish every family ____a large house with a beautiful garden.

A. has

B. had

C. will have

D. had had

3. You did not let me drive. If we ____in turn, you ____ so tired

A. drove; didn’t get

B. drove; wouldn’t get

C. were driving; wouldn’t get

D. had driven ; wouldn’t have got

4. _____it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge

A. Were

B. Should

C. Would

D. Will

5. I suggested the person _____ to be put into prison

A. refers

B. referring

C. referred

D. refer

6. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it____

A. breaks

B. has broken

C. were broken

D. had been broken

7. I insisted _____to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing ___ wrong with him

A. on him to go; should be

B. he went; be

C. he go; was

D. he should to; is

8. ---Your aunt invites you to the movies today

---I had rather she ____ me tomorrow than today

A. tells

B. told

C. would tell

D. had told

名题精练

9. ---Would you have called her up had it been possible

---Yes, but I ____busy doing my homework

A. was

B. were

C. had been

D. would be

10. I was ill that day, otherwise I ____ the sports meet

A. would have taken part in

B. took part in

C. had taken part in

D. would take part in

11. ___the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily

A. Had it not been for

B. If it were not

C. If it had not been for

D. Were it not for

12. If my lawyer ____here last Sunday, he ____ me from going

A. had been, would have prevented

B. had been, would prevent

C. were, prevent

D. were, would have prevented

13. ____hard, he would have passed the exam

A. If he were to work

B. Had he worked

C. Should he work

D. Were he to work

14. ____today, he would get there by Friday

A. Were he to leave

B. If he had left

C. Did he to leave

D. Had he left

15. Had you listened to the doctor, you ____all right now

A. are

B. were

C. would be

D. would have been

16. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother

A. has come

B. did come

C. come

D. had come

17. He ____busy yesterday, or he ___you with your experiment.

A. was, had helped

B. was, would have helped

C. had been, would have helped

D. were, would have helped

18. If it ____for the snow, we____ the mountain yesterday

A. were not, could have climb

B. were not, could climb

C. had not been, could have climbed

D. hadn’t been, could climb

19. Without electricity, human life ____quite difficult today

A. is

B. will be

C. would have been

D. would be

20. ---I am going to tell her the news

---I would as soon you _____her about it

A. didn’t tell

B. don’t tell

C. hadn’t tell

D. won’t tell

21. Mike’s father, as well as his mother, insisted he ____home

A. stayed

B. could stay

C. has stayed

D. stay

22. It was requested that the play ____again

A. should put on

B. would put on

C. be put on

D. put on

23. She insisted that a doctor _____ immediately

A. had sent for

B. send

C. be sent for

D. was sent

24. ---Did you scold him for his carelessness

----Yes, but ____it

A. I’d rather not do

B. I’d rather not have done

C. I should’ t do

D. I’d better not do

25. If only I ___my car

A. hadn’t lost

B. wouldn’t lose

C. didn’t lose

D. haven’t lost

26. But for water, it ____impossible to live in the earth

A. is

B. would

C. were

D. wouldn’t be

27. I would rather you ____anything about it for the time being

A. do

B. didn’t do

C. don’t

D. didn’t

28. The kind-hearted couple treat the orphan very well as though he ____ their own son

A. is

B. were

C. had been

D. should be

29. How the old people wish that they ____young once more

A. were

B. could become

C. had been

D. should be

30. It is high time that we ____ a meeting to discuss this problem

A. hold

B. held

C. have held

D. had held

31. The thief closed his eyes ____ he ____dying

A. even if , was

B. though, would be

C. even, had been

D. as if, were

32. I wish that you ____ such a bad headache because I am sure that you would have enjoyed the concert

A. had not

B. did not have had

C. hadn’t had

D. hadn’t have

33. The chairman insisted that we ____the question again

A. will discuss

B. to discuss

C. should discuss

D. will be discussed

34. He requested that the students ____them get in crops

A. help

B. to help

C. helped

D. helping

35. The guard at the gate insisted that everybody _____the rules

A. obeys

B. obey

C. will obey

D. would obey

36. I wish I ____here then

A. was

B. had been

C. were

D. would be

37. It is strange that he ____back so early

A. came

B. will come

C. had come

D. should have come

38. Mother suggested that I ___my homework first before watching TV

A. did

B. do

C. shall do

D. have done

39. My suggestion is that the meeting ____off till nest Sunday

A. be put

B. put

C. should put

D. had been put

40. He is talking so much about America as if he ____ there

A. had been

B. has been

C. was

D. been

41. The teacher demanded that the exam _____ before eleven

A. must finish

B. would be finished

C. be finished

D. must be finished

42. ---Sorry, Joe. I did not mean to……

----Don’t call me “Joe”, I am Mr. Parker to you, and ____ you forget it!

A. do

B. didn’t

C. did

D. don’t

43. I did not attend the lecture by Pro. Jackson. I ____ but I ____ all this morning

A. would, have washed

B. could, have been washing

C. would have, have been washing

D. could have, had washing

44. How I wish I ____ to repair the watch! I only made it worse

A. had tried

B. hadn’t tried

C. have tried

D. didn’t try

45. ----How could I thank you enough?

----Don’t mention it. Any other man ____it

A. must do

B. could do

C. would have done

D. should have done

46. Key European governments insist Iraq’s co-operation ____ good and military action______ to allow inspections to continue

A. be, be delayed

B. is, delay

C. should be, be delayed

D. is , be delayed

47. If the hurricane had happened during the day-time, ____more deaths

A. it would have been

B. it would be

C. there would be

D. there would have been

48. What the customers_____ from the company is that the goods ____ right to their homes.

A. requested, deliver

B. demand, be delivered

C. request, should deliver

D. demand, delivered

49. If law-breakers _____ the society will be in disorder

A. made unpunished

B. came unpunished

C. went unpunished

D. not punished

50. We took a taxi to the airport. Otherwise we ____late

A. would be

B. were

C. will be

D. would have been

51. Supposing he never ____, what would happen then

A. come

B. came

C. would come

D. will come

52. What do you think his proposal that we ____ a play at the English meeting

A. had put on

B. should put on

C. have put on

D. will put on

53. I hope that you ____ right

A. will be

B. should be

C. were

D. would be

54. As you know, I am a disabled man, but I would be happy if I ___of service to you

A. am

B. have been

C. should be

D. would be

55. He insisted that we ____early the next morning

A. start

B. started

C. would start

D. had started

56. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother

A. has come

B. did come

C. had come

D. came

57. We ____last night, but we went to the cinema instead

A. must have studied

B. might study

C. would study

D. would have studied

58. If it _____the snow, we _____the Simian Mountain last week

A. were not, could have climbed

B. were not, could climb

C. had not been , could have climbed

D. had not been, could climb

59. Without electricity human life ____quite different today

A. is

B. will be

C. would have been

D. would be

60. I wish I _____ you yesterday

A. seen

B. did see

C. had seen

D. were to see

61. He talks as if he ____for ages

A. is living there

B. was living there

C. has lived there

D. had lived there

62. The judge ordered the thief ____punished

A. should be

B. would be

C. was to be

D. must be

63. Her pale face suggested that she ____ ill, and her parents suggested that she _____ a medical examination

A. be, should have

B. was, have

C. should, had

D. was, has

64. They are talking ____they had known each other for years

A. as if

B. even if

C. like

D. because

65. Had you done as I told you, you____

A. would succeed

B. would have succeeded

C. were to succeed

D. should succeed

66. ______your help, I ____the exam

A. Without, will fail

B. If not , will fail

C. But for, would have failed

D. If it is not for, would have failed

67. I would rather you ____at once

A. leave

B. will leave

C. left

D. should leave

68. ____today, she would arrive in New York by Tuesday

A. If he leaves

B. Would he have left

C. Was he leaving

D. Were he to leave

69. It is high time you ____ to school

A. will go

B. would go

C. went

D. had gone

70. If he had taken the doctor’s advice, he _____been in hospital now

A. shouldn’t

B. hadn’t

C. wouldn’t have

D. would not

71. It is necessary that he ____to the lab right now

A. come

B. came

C. would come

D. is coming

72. But that he ____ it, he wouldn’t have believed it

A. see

B. saw

C. had seen

D. sees

73. Their suggestion is that the wounded soldiers____ to hospital at once

A. be sent

B. is sent

C. was sent

D. should send

74. I would buy that car but I ____enough money

A. do not have

B. did not have

C. will not have

D. had not had

75. If only we____ about the danger, we couldn’t have joined you

A. knew

B. had known

C. would know

D. should know

76. It was ordered that no smoking ____in the library

A. was allowed

B. would be allowed

C. be allowed

D. had been allowed

77. ____you come earlier, you would have met him

A. Should

B. would

C. Could

D. Had

78. ---You should have finished your homework earlier

----I know but I ____the time

A. don’t have

B. didn’t have

C. won’t have

D. had not

79. I tried his best in everything, _____he wouldn’t have been what he was

A. otherwise

B. but

C. and

D. but that

80. How I wish I ____such a good chance before

A. didn’t miss

B. hadn’t missed

C. met

D. have met

81. ___your letter, I would have started off two days ago

A. If I could have received

B. If I received

C. Should I received

D. Had I received

82. I would ask Tom to lend us money if I ____ him

A. had known

B. knew

C. have known

D. know

83. If it ____tomorrow, what shall we do?

A. rains

B. would rain

C. rained

D. should rain

84. If he ___come a few minutes earlier, you would have met him

A. would

B. should

C. /

D. had

85. If he were to come tomorrow, things___ easier

A. should be

B. would be

C. are

D. can be

86. If you ____that late movie last night, you would not be so sleepy now

A. haven’t watched

B. didn’t watch

C. hadn’t watched

D. wouldn’t have watched

87. ____difficulties, we would be successful

A. Should we overcome

B. Would we overcome

C. Might we overcome

D. Could we overcome

88. If only everything___ out, as we wanted it to in life

A. is working

B. worked

C. works

D. has worked

89. Mary _____ to college last year. Unfortunately, she could not take the examinations because of a sudden illness

A. could go

B. did go

C. could have gone

D. must have gone

90. I wish it ____ not so cold outside

A. shall be

B. be

C. were

D. is

91. He insisted that we all ____ in his office at one o’clock

A. be

B. to be

C. would be

D. shall be

92. He insisted that he ____ our car

A. should steal

B. would steal

C. hadn’t stolen

D. steal

93. Their suggestion is that we____ go out for a walk

A. can

B. have

C. shall

D. /

94. It is necessary that he ____ in time to attend the meeting

A. come

B. came

C. would come

D. need come

95. I ____that she had left her home yesterday

A. have thought

B. think

C. had thought

D. should think

96. We have been sitting doing nothing about it for days. It is time we ____the problem

A. shook hands with

B. got to brass tacks with

C. got to solve

D. reached the bottom of

97. He has just arrived, but he talks as if he ____ about that

A. know

B. knows

C. known

D. knew

98. In case I _____, I would try again

A. will fail

B. would miss

C. should fail

D. shall fail

99. ____ I will marry him all the same

A. Were he rich or poor

B. Be he rich or poor

C. Whether rich or poor

D. Being rich or poor

100. Without gravity, we ____ able to walk

A. were

B. should be

C. can be

D. should not be

答案

C B D B C C C B A A D A B A C D B C D A

D C C B A C B B A B D C C A B B D B A A

C D C B C D D B C D B B A A A C D C D C

D A B A B C C D C D A B A A B C D B A B

D B A D B C A B C C A C D A C C D C B D

一、教学目标

1、辩认物品的所有者;

2、根据场景询问英语中对应的表达法;

3、根据上下文培养学生剧本的逻辑思维能力。

二、教学目标

语言目标 学习策略与思维技巧 重点词汇

1.Is this your pencil?Yes, it is.No, it isn’t.2. What’s this in English?It’s a pencil.3. How do you spell pencil? * 通过上下文内在的逻辑关系,完成对话等练习。* 运用猜测这一练习,复习字母和单词拼写。 * the alphabet* pencil, pen, book,eraser, ruler, notebook, ring, key, pencil case, backpack, ID card,baseball, watch, computer game

语言结构 语言功能 跨学科学习

1. 指示代词:this, that2. What 引导的问句3. Yes/No简单问答4. 句型:How do you spell…? * 辨认物品的所有者* 询问英语中对应的表达法 * 艺术:画出所学物品并依此编写对话* 文学/语言艺术:利用卡通画学习单词和句型

三、教学设计的思路及教学建议

思路:第二单元的主题是“确认物品的所有权”,物品主要围绕着教室内学生身边的常用物品,在教学时老师能够使用实物进行教学,增强学生的学习效果。事实表明,如果将真实的语言材料引入学习环境,并与社会的语言活动结合起来,学生的学习效果将是事半功倍的。也就是说,作为授课的老师,我们要结合所授内容,努力为学生创造真实的、贴近生活的情境。正是基于这一原因,教材围绕着这一主题,为我们可以设计了游戏,即找到一些物品的主人,同时我们还可以根据本单元的主要句型,将这些游戏扩展,从而达到练习这些重点句型的目的。

建议:

Things in the classroom

Task One:Game: Find the owner

Task Two:Game: Join pieces and read the notices and find the things from “Lost & Found”

四、需要说明的问题

1、任务型教学强调的是应用。所以在以用为先导的前提下,要学生在表达时,一定要注意自己的面部表情、说话的流利程度等等。

2、学习者的参与与语言熟练程度关系很大。所以课上是十分重要的,我们应抓住学生在课上的每一分钟,将学生吸引到听英语、讲英语的活动中来,从而达到在最短的时间内提高对所学内容的掌握的熟练程度。

3、充分调动学生学习英语的主观能动性,要做好学生的思想工作。

通过我们对教材的阅读、理解,我们发现:任务型教学在很大程度上以学生的个体活动或小组活动为主要形式,因此,如何才能做到充分调动学生学习英语的积极性以及充分发挥个体活动的最高水平是至关重要的,即教师如何才能做到既放得开学生,让学生们自己去开展小组内的学习活动,又能控制住每一组学生都能够保证注意力在课堂上。我想我们可以尝试成立固定的小组,选好组长,加强小组的力量,发挥小组长的作用,做好学生的思想工作。但我们要在课前对小组长进行培训,如:使他们明白自己身为小组长的责任,重要性;教给小组长如何组织活动?当组员不会说英语怎么办?等等。小组长是老师的助手,要在自己学会的同时,还要以自己学习的体会教给同学学习英语的方法。

五、具体教案设计:

Unit 2 Is this your pencil?

课时安排:四课时。

第一课时: P7-P8 第二课时: P9-P10

第三课时: P11 第四课时: P12及处理练习册

第一课时: P7-P8

Step 1. Warming-up

T: Good morning. My name is …. What’s your name?

S: Good morning. My name is ….

T: Nice to meet you.

S: Nice to meet you, too.

Step 2. 讲授1a中的新单词。

1、老师可利用实物进行教授单词,使用的句型是: What’s this in English?(此时,只需学生能够理解该句型,不必会说,老师多次的重复是为学生下一节课掌握提供大量的语言输入做准备)这一步是针对一般学校来设计的,如果好一点的学生,我们可以直接进入1A,让学生直接完成match的任务,然后订正答案。

值得注意的是:假如学生在小学没有学习过这些英语单词,他们将根据什么来完成老师布置的这一任务?也许会做对几个,或许有什么小窍门,我们可以让学生分析以下他们的思考过程,进而加以归纳,对有贡献的学生加以鼓励及表扬。我想这就是对学生学习方法或策略的指导,学生定会非常喜欢。

2、朗读P7-1a中的新单词。(先是全班,然后分小组检查、补漏)

3、听录音,完成P8-2a的听力练习,然后订正答案。

Step 3. Presentation

1、看P7-1a图,听对话(最好让学生看一张大图片,以便教师能够抓住学生的注意力,此时是加深对所听对话的理解。)

2、再听对话,完成书上要求标号的任务,订正答案。

3、跟读对话,以小组为单位朗读对话。(互相检查、帮助)

4、进行小组对话练习,可以更改有关的词,编出自己的对话。

5、给学生3-5分钟的时间,准备新单词和句型。

Step 4. Listening

1、听对话,要求学生最好不看方框中所给的单词,填入横线上。订正答案。

2、再听录音,跟读1-2遍之后,分角色对话。

Step 5. Games

1、做游戏(P8-2b)

注明:老师对学生的一些物品收集上来,放在一个箱子里,请一个学生上前来,蒙上眼睛,从箱子里取出一样物品,全班学生一同发问,“What’s this in English?”,这名学生猜,使用句型为“Is it a/an…?”猜到之后,可以回座位,每位学生有两次机会猜,否则就视为失败。

Step 6. Grammar focus

1. Is this your pencil ? Yes, it is.

2. Is this my pen ? No, it isn’t.

3. Is that his book ? Yes, it is.

4. Is that her eraser ? No, it isn’t.

Step 7. Homework.

说明:可以适当布置一些笔头作业,但是,目的在于练习书法,而不是为了背单词。所以,不应太多,应把学生的精力放在多听,多读,记忆单词和句型上。(因此老师可以根据不同的学生类型进行布置作业。)

第二课时:P9-P10

Step 1. Revision

1、用游戏的形式复习上一节课的新单词和句型。将所要复习的单词物品放入一个袋子中,让学生伸手去摸,由一个学生或全班学生发问,该学生猜。所用的句型是:

- What’s this in English ?

- It’s a/an …

- How do you spell that?

- …

2、用实物讲授P10-1a中的单词,学生准备几分钟后,将字母填好。

Step 2. Ask and answer

1、以小组为单位,做3b和section B-1a的对话练习。

2、口头检查学生所练的对话。

Step 3. Listening

1、听对话,圈出P10-1a中的物品。

2、再听一遍,写出单词。

Step 4. Games

老师收集一些学生的学习用品,请学生到前边来发问,找到用具的主人,给两次机会。

Step 5. The alphabet

1、纠正26个字母的读音,学唱新的字母歌。

2、请学生将26个字母下面标上阿拉伯数字,练习数字1-26的说法。

Step 6. Practise

再进行一个游戏。一个学生看P94,另一个学生看P98。根据图片所显示,进行问答练习。

Step 7. Homework

第三课时:P11

1、复习前边所学的单词及句型,可以采取实物或游戏的形式,然后可以适当进行笔头检查,如:听写或补全对话。

2、复习数字的说法,可以做数字游戏。如:七的倍数不说,或七的倍数及带有七的数字都不说,也可以数字接龙等等。

Step 2. Ask and answer

继续复习学过的句型,以小组形式检查对所学句型掌握的情况,到此可以做一个小结。下一步就要进行另一个主题:适当阅读文段。

Step 3. Task 1

1、老师给每一组学生一张碎字条(这些碎片是老师提前写好的“失物招领”“寻物启示”,让学生以小组为单位,拼好,并能够理解纸条上的意思,然后将字条粘好并张贴在黑板上,看哪一组拼得快,快者为胜)老师在黑板上字条的上方写上“失物招领”或“寻物启示”。

2、请学生派出代表讲解所拼出的告示之意思,有不明白的地方学生们已经在小组范围内分析。然后将注解中3a中的各种告示,在理解的基础上,圈出P10-1A中的物品。(学生只要明白该告示的意思,可以仿照写,不需朗读。)

Step 4. Task 2

1、请学生仿照写“失物招领”或“寻物启示”,老师巡视,抽查出有代表性的作品进行全班范围内订正普遍性的错误。

2、课后让学生将自己的作品进行更改。

Step 5. Homework

第四课时:P12及处理练习册

Step 1. Revision

1、复习整个单元的单词及句型。

2、复习1-26个数字。

Step 2. Exercises

练习一的检查方式可以是以译中文的形式,但有些单调,不可常用,可以适当扩展为请学生造句或回忆当时在什么句子中见到的,说出来。

Step 3. Game

1、订正练习三的答案。

2、游戏:将练习三扩展。由一个学生说出数字,其他学生说出单词。先以小组为单位练习,然后请两位学生展开竞赛,为胜利的小组加分。

Step 4. Reading

阅读“Just for fun!”

Step 5. Having a quiz

做评价手册

Unit 3 This is my sister

罗二中 彭颖晖

一、教学目标

●对人物进行简单的描述

●根据相关信息辨别人

语言目标 学习策略与思维技巧 重点词汇

This is my brother.Is she your sister?Yes, she No, she isn't. *运用对话练习,掌握如何用于介绍家人、朋友。*运用对话练习,获取家庭基本信息。*通过学习、识别、记忆,学会归纳、总结一些单词的构成(复合词)学会巧记单词。 bother, father, sister, brother, grandmother, grandfather, grandparent, uncle, aunt, cousin, parent.

语言结构 语言功能 跨学科学习

1、指示代词this, that, these, those2、人称代词I, he, she3、Yes / No问句的简单回答4、Plural nouns Introduce peopleIdentify people 艺术:画出家庭成员图画并根据此介绍。语言艺术:利用卡通画学习单词、句型。文化艺术:能编写简单的家谱

●能简单介绍自己的家人和朋友

二、教学设计的思路及教学建议

思路:本单元的Topic是“Talk about family”。这是每个学生都熟悉且感到亲切的话题,因此学生参与各项活动的积极性、主动性会比较高,而且每位学生都有话可说,有事可做,不会感到无从下手,当旁观者或听众。所以,在这一单元的教学过程中,我本着《新标准》所提倡的“面向全体学生”,这一教学思想,尽可能多地创设让所有学生都参与的活动,采用任务型教学途径,倡导体验参与,让学生在做中学,学中做,使所有学生都能体验到成功的喜悦,使其在愉快和自信的情绪中保持积极的学习态度,增强信心。同时,根据“整体设计目标,体现灵活开放”这一教学原则,在强调任务设计的实用性与可行性的同时,也注意阶梯性,使特长生有展示才能的舞台,使班里的英语优秀生有创新、展示的机会,并培养他们课外自主学习、合作学习、探究学习等学习策略,也拓宽了他们的学习渠道(查字典、翻阅资料、上网等)。从而促使全班同学在各自原有的水平上得到发展。基于此,结合教材特点,我提出以下教学建议:

教学建议:英语教学的最终目的就是能用英语“做事”,即让学生在课堂上或课后有机会运用所学到的语言材料,并能用英语解决问题,因此在教学中应积极创设语言情境,在活动中引导学生“主动”做。同时教材本身围绕单元话题,设计了很多有趣的、贴近生活的教学活动/游戏。因此,我们可以结合本单元的功能项目及句型,将这些游戏、活动扩展开来,并真正应用于生活实际中去,灵活性、创造性地使用教材,将机械、枯燥的内容融入有意义的英语活动中,即“做事”,从而达到巩固句型并培养学生语言综合适用能力的目的。

eg Task One:(看图添加人头)

Game: Guess, “Who is he/she” according to the clothes he/she wears in the family/photo and then draw his/her head.

Task Two:(家庭-学校联系册)

Fill in a form: Fill in the form that given by the teacher on the basis of the Ss' families in order to build an easy contact between the school and the Ss' family.

Task three:名信片设计能手

Contest: Choose the best desinger according to the photo and the letter he/she writes, choose the best photo with origind idea, the best English description and the best English oral teller as well.

四、具体教案设计

第一课时:(P13-P14)

Step1 Warming up (Recycling)

(Greetings)T: Hi/Hello, Nice to meet you!

(Personal names)T: What's your/his/her name?

(Identify objects)T: Is this/that your……?

(Yes, it it isn't.

Unit 3 This is my sister课时安排:四课时 第一课时:P13-P14 第二课时:P15-P16 第三课时:P17 第二课时:P18及练习册

Step2 Presentation

(出示自己家庭的一张大照片)

T: What's this?-It's a photo.

Is this your photo?

Ss: No, it isn't.

T: This is my photo. Look! This is my family.

Who's this/that?

Who are these/those?

-This/That is my father/mother……(讲授新词)

These are my brothers/……

用Who's this/that?句型讲授新词,在问答中与学生形成互动,比全部靠老师一人唱独角戏会更好一点。只要学生小学时有接触过英语,对家庭成员中一些简单的称呼应不陌生,因此在回答过程中,对猜地、讲对的学生应予以肯定,表扬并适当奖励。

2、Read all the words.(先跟老师读,然后组内读,再随意抽读,注意学生语音(美音)的纠正)。

3、Match the words with the people in the picture(1a ).

Step 3 Listen and practie.

1、(出示挂图P13)T:Now we all know David's family members. Look at Dave. Who does he talk about? (Ss guess first)Listen to the tape and circle the people he talks abut.

2、T: What about the others? Who are they?

让学生到黑板前,指着图并能加以介绍,用上句型。

This/That is his……

or These/Those are his……

3、Introduce your best friend/friends.

向同桌介绍班里你最要好的一个或几个朋友,并能相互问好。

eg SA: Hi,××, This is my friend LiMing(SC).

SB: Hello,LiMing, Nice to meet you.

SC: Hello,××,Nice to meet you, too.

(Or) SA: Hi, ××,These are my friends LinLin and Fangfang.

SB:……

Step4 Listening

(出示一男孩画面)T: And this is David's friend, LinHai. Today Dave asks LinHai to his home for dinner and meet his family. Now listen, who greets him? Finish 2a 2b.

Step5 Game

1、First according to 2C, ask and answer in pairs.

2、Play a guessing game.

每组推选一人上台,用布将他/她眼睛蒙上,其它组任选四人上前问候(Hi/Hello)。其余学生问:Who's this?让他/她猜Is this××?Ss: Yes, it it isn't.可猜三次,猜中小组得1分并继读猜。猜错,退下。

Step6 Task

出示一张Tom's Family photo like this

让学生根据人物的衣着特征,小组共同合作,添上相应的人头,并在旁边写出家庭成员的名称。然后抽取几个小组上前展示并口头介绍,并评出最佳创意奖及最佳表达奖。

第二课时(P15-P16)

课前先布置学生带来一些照片(全家福/个人照片/幼时照片/侧面、背影照片/朋友、亲戚照片等)。

Step1 Revision

1、Game: Teacher gives some word cards (with pictures) to some students. When the teacher asks“Where'sDavid's father?”

持有相应卡片的学生应立即站起并回答(She/he is)here.

2、以小组竞赛形式复习单词,即将上节课所学词汇写在纸条上,背面朝上,让每组同学依次轮流认读,根据读对的单词数及所用时间评出优胜组。

Step2 Guessing Game and Presentation

T: Yesterday I told you something about my family and friends. Now I'll write some of their names on the Bb. Guess who the person is, I'll see who has the best memory.

(让猜对的人到黑板前写名字继续游戏)

eg 写下“Peng Haibing”

S1: Is he your father? T: No, he isn't.

S2: Is he your brother? T: Yes, he is.

又如:“Cai YiLuo”

S1(可能):Is she your mother/dahghter/aunt?

在游戏过程中根据学生猜测的需要及相应情景,适时地教授新词Son, daughter, aunt, uncle,cousin.

Step3 Pairwork

1、First look at the picture, finish 3a

2、Practise the conversation with your partner.

Step 4 Groupwork

1、Identify persons

Take out their photos and put them together in their group.

Take turns to ask and answer questions about the photos.

Identify the person in the photo.(利用照片问答,辩认人物)

2、Ask some pairs/ groups to make a conversation in front of the class on the basis of their photo. or give an introduetion of their own family photo.

Step 5 Listening

T:Lin Hai and Dave are also talking about the photo. Finish Section B (2a、2b).

Step 6 Make a family tree

先老师示范,然后完成Section B (1)中的family tree, 并让学生制作自己家的family tree,并加以评比展示。

Step 7 Task

(制作家庭--学校联系册)

T:I want to know something about each of your families. Please fill in the form in pairs first.

老师将表格发给学生,让学生两人一组询问对方并填写下表

然后两人交换并带回家,家长核查(予以一定的纠正),然后再将表

Members Name Age Job Telephone Number

××'s Father

格交给老师,老师评阅、定等级并将调查表装订成“家庭--学校联系册”,以方便学校与家庭的联系。

第三课时:(P17)

(课前布置学生画一张自己家庭成员的照片或带一些照片)

Step 1 Revision

Ask Students to give an introduction of his / her family according to the picture he / she drew or the photo he / she takes to school(用画或照片介绍家人、朋友)

Step 2 Read and draw

Read the letter. Draw a picture of Emma's family 完成(3a)

Step 3 Look and write 完成(3b)

Step 4 Write a letter

(对(3b)中的写作内容进行点评之后)

T:You also have a photo of your family or your friends, Can you write a letter about it ?

让学生试着将先前的口头介绍写下,先在小组内交流,然后老师任意抽选几张照片及信函,贴在黑板上,让几位学生上前将相应的照片与文章连线。

Step5 Task

(Sending cards to your penfriend / teacher)

让学生给自己的笔友/老师制作一张附有照片及文字说明的名信片,然后评出最佳设计奖、最新创意奖、最佳文采奖。

第四课时(P18及练习册)

1、复习整个单元的单词及句型,让学生自测词汇掌握情况(1)

2、完成(3)中的对话

3、完成练习册中练习(练习册未到,不知具体内容)

4、阅读“Just for run!”

5、Having a quiz

做评价手册

Unit 4 Where’s my backpack

泰顺三中 张月清

一、 教学目标

1、谈论物品的位置

2、询问所找寻物品的位置

3、提供必要的帮助

二、 具体目标

语言目标 重点词汇 语言功能

1、 Where are my books?They are on the sofa.2、Where is my backpack? It is under the table. Table dresser backpack baseball drawer plant bookcase bed sofa chair keys plant 通过方位词的学习,找寻物品的位置。

语言结构 跨学科学习 学习策略与思维技巧

1、 方位词:in on under2、 Where引导的问句3、 Are they on the bed? No, they’re not.Is it under the table?No, it isn’t. It’s on the table. 画出自己的房间,进行设计大赛,并摆放物品。依此编写对话。 1、 通过直观法,学习单词,并复习。2、 通过方位词的学习对房间的物品进行摆放。

第一课时

Step1 Warming up

1 T:I also like the classroom.. It’s a big room. ……

What can you see in my room?

What other things can you see?

1、由此引入展示图画,直接教单词(table chair sofa bed bookcase dresser drawer) 后跟读(P1)

2、教完backpack后,图画展示教其他三个单词。(P2)

3、 学生跟读

Step 2 Practise

1、 书本分别放在桌子上边、下边、里面。教“in on under”,然后幻灯展示

A:Where is the book?

B:It’s on the desk.

A:Where is the book?

B:It’s in the desk.

A:Where is the book?

B:It’s under the desk.

2、 学生朗读练习

3、 打开课本,完成P21-3c,同桌之间操练,然后再叫几组同学站起来演示。

Step3 Game: Play”Simon Says”game

Step4 Pairwork

1、 打开书本P20完成2c,同桌之间操练

2、 幻灯展示

(backpack a baseball keys a plant)要求学生依照自己的想法,把这四件物品摆放在房间,并依此编写对话。操练后叫几组同学演示。

Step5 Put these sentences in order to make a conversation

完成P21-3a,并核对答案。学生齐读。

Step6 Design your bedroom

1、 要求学生依照自己的意愿,画出房间,然后向全班同学描绘自己的房间。

2、 老师展示范文(p3)

Step7 Homework

Write down”My bedroom” in exercise book.

(图画见后面)

第二课时

Step Ⅰ、Revision

复习上节课所学过的单词,老师拿出挂图,再拿出课前准备好的纸条(注:纸条上写着上节课的单词)。要求学生把纸条贴在相对应的物品上。(注:老师抽查成绩中等的学生)。贴完后,要求学生进行核对,然后全班朗读这些单词。

Step Ⅱ、Listening

听录音,完成P19-1b,然后核对。

Step Ⅲ、Pairwork

打开书本,同桌之间操练这些句型,小组抽查。

Step Ⅳ、Listening

听录音,完成P20-2a&2c。核对答案。

Step Ⅴ、Game

Find the difference

1、 四人一组,给学生3分钟时间;

2、 找出两幅图的不同点;

3、 哪组找得最快,那组获胜。

Step Ⅵ、

就第二幅图操练句型

Where is ……

It is ……

Where are ……

They are ……

第三课时

Step Ⅰ、Game

1、 把挂图挂在黑板上,给学生三分钟时间,四人一组。

2、 拿下画,要求学生尽可能多地写出画上所学过物品的单词。

3、 每组选出一名代表朗读所记下的单词。

4、 哪组记得单词最多,哪组获胜。

Step Ⅱ、

1、 打开书本,完成1a

2、 小组操练句型 Where is the book?

It’s on the desk。

Step Ⅲ、Listening

听录音,完成2a、2b

Step Ⅳ、Competition

学生单独完成3a,谁完成的最快又正确,谁获胜。老师给予一定的奖励。

Step Ⅴ、

学生单独完成3b,然后核对答案。

第四课时

StepⅠ、Revision

1、 复习本单元句型和单词

⑴ 单词:听写,同桌之间互相批改。

⑵ 句型:利用方位词就人的身体部位编写对话。

如:s1:Where is your mouth?

s2:It is under the nose.

Step Ⅱ

完成第1、3题

Step Ⅲ Game

1、 拿出一个baseball,先叫一位学生走出教室。叫他的同桌把球藏起来。

2、 走出教室的学生找寻baseball,并与其同桌编写对话。

3、 更换物品与学生,操练4至5次。

Step Ⅳ Reading

阅读“Just for fun”

英语语法教学中引导学生探究性学习的尝试

2004-09-05 09:46:00  人教社

----Whales Are Not Fish现场观察与分析 一、背景 1、上课时间:2001年2月15日 2、上课地点:奉贤县钱桥中学初一(2)班 3、学生情况:30位来自远郊农村,5位外地借读生,1位三峡移民。学生英语基础普遍较差,接受能力较差。 4、知识背景:学生在第一课The Moon中已学会了单音节和双音节形容词比较级的用法,并在教授Drill1时讲明了比较级与最高级的构成法规则相同,掌握了good, much, many, bad, little等形容词的比较级和最高级。 5、教学内容:Whales Are Not Fish七年级第二学期Lesson Two第一教时 6、教学目标:能掌握单音节和双音节形容词的最高级的用法;能归纳总结形容词原级、比较级、最高级的用法并能理解运用。 7、预期目的:传统的语法教学中,教师往往给出语法规则,然后让学生操练、套用规则以达到巩固目的。这对学生来说,属于接受性学习方式。这样的教学,学生的主体性没有得到充分发挥,课堂气氛较沉闷,学生较易感到枯燥乏味。因此,我想将探究性学习方式渗透在课堂语法教学中,创设情境,让学生发现语法规则,巩固规则,运用规则,从中发展学生的探究能力、创新精神。 二、设计意图、教学片段及诊断分析 “探究性学习”强调的是以学生为主体,问题为中心,研究为手段,实践为途径,过程体验重点,创新精神和实践能力培养为目的的一种学习方式。在本课设计时,我力求将上述特征体现在课堂教学中。我发现,研究性学习实施时三个相互交叉推进的阶段-进入问题情景、实践体验、表达和交流与外语教学“3P模式(Presentation-Practice-Production)”是相通的。因此,我在Presentation这一阶段中,从身边的事物出发,创设情境,引出最高级,激发学生探求最高级使用规则的欲望并归纳总结(即发现、探究问题)。在Practice这一阶段中,我让学生前后联系,形成形容词三种形式用法的知识网络,并探求相应的记忆策略,然后操练(即探究、实践问题)。研究性学习培养解决实际问题的能力,而英语学习的最终目的是“学以致用”(交际)。找到了两者的结合点,我就在Production这一阶段中,让学生展开联想,实际运用。本课较大的探究活动都安排了“小组合作”这一研究性学习的基本组织形式。研究性学习以过程体验为重点,因此,我着重实录了学生探究活动中的三个片段,以期发现这种学习方式对教师和学生产生的影响,从中提炼出值得探讨的问题。 案例(片段) (一)引入中“发现规则”的探究活动 1、创设情境,激发学生探究欲望。 我先通过实物比较(三个球,三个高矮不一的学生,三本大小不一的书)、和学生问答,引出本课的结构、功能。 T: This is a basketball. This is a football. Which is bigger, the basketball or the football? S1: The basketball is bigger (than the football.) …… T: Right. So the table tennis ball is the smallest of the three. T: What about the basketball? It's the biggest of the three. (边说边板书上述划线的两句,重要部分划线后,让学生齐读一遍)然后让学生以pair work形式操练Drill2 Model1A: Is“Micky Mouse and Donald Duck”the best of all these cartoons? B: Yes, it is. Model2A: Are whales the biggest animals in the world? B: Yes, it is. 2、布置任务,激励学生发现规则。 T: Now, can you tell me how to use the superlative degree of adjectives? You may have a discussion with your group members. 听到指令后,有的学生立刻开始讨论,有的盯着黑板上的例句思索……。我在几个小组间巡视,听见有一部分学生说“最高级表示三者间的比较”。我想他们可能受到我引入时举的例子都是三个的影响了。于是我叫这几位同学看操练过的句型2,并很夸张地把例句中的of all these cartoons, in the world读出来。反应快的学生马上兴奋地叫起来,“对,不光是三者,三者以上也可以的!”见别人仍茫然不解,便迫不及待地替他解释,得意之情溢于言表。 我转身到旁边的小组。他们被我刚才夸张的朗读吸引了,伸长脖子朝我瞧,看我望他们,马上缩回脖子讨论起来。一个说:“最高级和of的介词短语连用。”另一个补充道:“还有in的短语呢!刚才老师大声读的!”我猜测他们原本只认为“最高级常与of短语连用”。看来,学生更易受我所举例子、所写例句的影响,而忽略了对句型2的观察。故我又把“of all these cartoons, in the world”大声读了三遍。有些同学理解了我的用意,有些则迷惑不解,有些充耳不闻。有几个则发现了新问题,互相询问:“为什么有的用of,有的用in短语?”这个问题我备课时没考虑进去,想不到学生提出来了!虽始料不及,但我却大受鼓舞原本以为这些学生连接受能力都较差,更别提发现问题的能力了!我快乐地鼓励和提示:“有同学问‘为什么在句型2中有的用of,有的用in短语?’这问题有价值!大家能解答吗?”学生们来劲了,思考一会儿后开始各抒己见,有的能自圆其说,有的则经不起大家的反驳……。 (分析:在这一过程中,由于受我引入时例句……of the three的影响,造成了一些同学归纳规则时的误解。这说明教师呈现规则例证时一定要注意材料的全面性、典型性;同时也说明这些同学还不能恰当地选择信息、处理信息,而学会这些恰是研究性学习目的之一。发现学生探究中的错误后,教师提醒的“度”很重要。上文中如我把用法直接告诉他们,他们也就没有了发现规则后的喜悦、自信的情感体验,更不会出现那个有价值的问题,这可是宝贵的质疑能力啊!) (二)操练中“巩固规则”的探究活动 这一块中,我先安排学生操练Drill3,做Homework5。替代性的机械操练和有图片提示的练习学生都会做。但如把有关形容词原级、比较级、最高级各种形式的题目混在一起,知识一多,好多接受能力较差、不大肯记肯背的学生就会记了新的,忘了旧的,或前后混淆。为了提高学习效率,我设计了让学生回顾形容词三种形式的用法和区别,举出例句,形成知识网络;并考虑用相应的记忆策略把这些知识点简化记忆,最后比比哪组的方法是最好的活动。 听懂任务后,各小组马上行动了。我照例巡视观察。一开始,教室里很热闹,人人都在回忆归纳,并边说边在纸上写例句,写好后教室里声音静了许多,我适时提醒:“Don't forget to find a good way to make them easy!”我知道这是个较难的任务,好几个人眉头紧皱,嘴里嘟囔着:“想什么方法呢?”我点拨:“Such as a rhyme, at able and soon. If you can't, you may also use your own words.”大家有所启发,打算编小诗的开始七拼八凑起来,大家你一句我一句,有说七个字一句的,有说八个字一句的,不合要求的便修改,有认为这样改好的,有认为那样改好的,争的脸红耳赤,最后少数服从多数。打算编表格的在纸上划了格子,讨论着怎么填。有2个小组怎么编也凑不成一首小诗,泄气了。我赶紧打气:“你可以用自己的话,你觉得怎么记得牢就怎么记,反正这方法只要适合你就行!”有2个小组各编了一点,最后两组合作了。有了眉目后,教室里气氛重新热烈起来,每组都有人执笔写讨论的结果,连一些平时最不爱讲话的同学也受了感染。不时爆发一阵欢快的笑声,朗读声。交流结果,下列两组被判为冠亚军。 ⑴没有比较用原级,两者相比比较级,三者以上最高级。Very词后用原级,Than句子比较级,The字在前最高级碰上of和in短语,千万别忘最高级。 ⑵名称 范围 标志词

原级=1 Very, so

比较级=2 than

最高级 》=3 In, of短语

这两组同学高兴得拍起手来,有一个还拥抱了同桌。当我带着佩服的神情夸奖他们,说要将他们的作品介绍给其他老师、班级时,他们脸上充满自豪。大家在评判时已品味了两个作品,再齐读一遍,基本都能背了。我再出示几道练习题,有几位中差生做得比往常快,做好后显出“我会做”的得意神情。我观察到班中最懒、英语最差的王某也做对了多数题目。 (分析:研究性学习目的之一是促进学生形成积极的学习态度和良好的学习策略,培养创新精神和实践能力。认知学习理论认为:知识习得的关键是理解,而理解的实质是学生弄清新旧知识的关系,形成认知结构。上述“归纳用法、写例句、形成知识网络”的活动促进了理解,巩固了知识,是一有效的学习策略;而“简化复杂的知识点巧妙记忆所学内容”的活动是一种认知策略的学习,学会这种策略对学生今后的各科学习影响巨大,终生受用。从效果来看,两种记忆方法虽略显粗糙,但已是学生积极思维的结晶,迸射着创新精神、实践能力的火花。为学习后面单音节副词及多音节形容词、副词三种形式的用法铺平了道路。且学生讨论的气氛、笑声、表情、拍手拥抱等动作无不体现出探究过程中的情感体验,促使其形成积极主动的学习态度。) (三)运用中“使用规则”的探究活动 在这块中,我让学生先联想生活中哪些时候会用比较级、最高级,并让学生根据其用法,编对话或说一段话进行free talk。受刚才快乐、自信的感染,大家积极性很高。我规定每位组员须向组长汇报,组长向组员汇报。挑组中最好的在班内汇报。一开始,很多人自顾自说,有些则两人商讨。不一会儿,有人汇报了。我发现有照着我引入的例子说的;有“投机取巧”照前一课Drill3改几个字,增个最高级说的;有偷懒的只说:“I'm tall, you're taller, he's the tallest."我不太满意,提醒大家尽量说得内容多一点,可参照先前回答的在borrow sth., buy sth. In a shop, have a contest, visit a museum等情境中较多运用形容词的三种形式的回答,很多同学已在这些方面开动脑筋。班中最调皮的男生徐某在拿同组女生开玩笑:“胡某is taller than王某,王某is fatter than张某,王某is the fattest pig in our class.”惹得那女生很生气。我忽然灵机一动,何不让他根据班中实际编个谜语让大家猜“这是谁”,便去点拨……最后交流时,徐某的谜语竟然最受欢迎,谜语如下“She is sitting in the first line in our class. She is very tall and nice. She is taller than王某,but is shorter than李某。She is thinner than陆某,but she isn't the thinnest one in her line. Who is she?”大家扭头看着第一排,七嘴八舌猜,掀起了本课的又一高潮。徐某自豪无比,我则趁热打铁,让大家回去各编一个有比较级、最高级的谜语作为家作,明日课上大家猜谜。 (分析:课堂上难免会有偶发事件发生。如处理不当,会影响教学。因此,把徐某的“调皮”用在正道上,我觉得很开心。他的谜语不仅创造性地发挥了所学知识,使他大获成功体验,而且带动了课堂气氛,这对他今后的英语学习定会带来积极影响。另外,我发现探究活动只有与语言学习的规律:“大量输入后才有输出”结合,才会产生良好效果。效果显示:学生的运用较大程度地受前面输入的影响,模仿的成分居多,能创造性地运用的较少。他们都会运用,但质量有高低。看来,创新能力的培养不是一朝一夕的事,语言能力的形成也非一蹴而就,今后留给我探索的路还很长……) 这时,下课铃响了,学生还意犹未尽,有同学说怎么这节课这么短。我注意到下课后好多同学马上练起编谜语来,嚷着让别人猜;有一个大声念起自己组总结的小诗来,旁边几位紧随附和…… (分析:从课后反应看,多数学生体验到了成功的快乐,形成了主动积极的学习态度,基本达到了探究性学习的目的。这让我觉得特别快乐。) 三、反思 1、教师在探究活动中的主导作用非常重要。体现在对教材的钻研、教学过程的设计、情感的激励、探究学习氛围的营造等各方面。如在本课中,学生在探究活动中出现了拍手、拥抱、欢笑等场面;在讨论热烈时,课堂似乎有吵闹之嫌。以传统眼光来看,会觉得学生纪律不尽人意。但如在当时对这些行为进行批评,会打击学生探究的积极性。因此,只要学生的确是在积极参与活动中出现上述情况的,教师可宽容待之,营造出宽松的探究气氛。教师还要有较强的应变能力,在学生思维受阻时巧妙引导,思维活跃时适时激励,有了思维成果后适当奖励……要真正成为学生学习的促进者、组织者和指导者,关键是转变传统的教学观念和教学行为。 2、要相信学生的学习能力。本课我是抱着尝试的心态上的。设计时考虑到学生基础差,接受能力弱的特点,特意选了比较级、最高级这一较简单的课题。原先担心学生讨论时不热烈,思维不够活跃等。想不到课上竟出现了好几个出人意料之处:A、发现为何在最高级句中有用in,有用of短语的。B、用小诗等总结出记忆规律的。C、运用时形式的多样性……。这些让我认识到每个学生都蕴藏着充分的发展潜能,关键是教师如何开发。 3、我将本课与平时教法相比,觉得运用探究方式更能充分发挥学生的主体性,学生思维的广度、深度、密度更大,更易形成良好的学习方法、策略。本课80%左右的时间是学生活动,“以学生为主体”的教学理念得到了发挥。小组学习的形式,又增强了学生的合作意识。 这在编儿歌等过程中表现得特别明显。其中,最大的不同是学生的情感体验。从发现规则时的喜悦,到巩固规则时的兴奋,运用规则时的大功告成,学生体验到了探究学习的快乐。而这种体验,又促进了学生外语学习的积极性。他们下课了还不想休息,仍想着编谜语等活动充分说明了这一点。真正达到了外语教学“激励情意”的目标。 4、在本次尝试中,我也发现了一些问题。比如,如何管理课堂,做到“放”而有“度”,“活”而不“乱”?如何在探究活动中照顾到学生的个别差异?如何利用小组群体力量,使那些对学习不感兴趣、成绩差、注意力不集中的同学也至始至终较积极地参加探究活动?其中如何将研究活动设计成既符合外语学习理论,又符合学生身心发展特点、知识能力水平,是我感到最困难的。另外,我尝试的是语法教学,在词汇、课文等教学中开展探究性学习能否可行,还待研究。

Aims and demands:

1. words and expressions : insist on, fall ill , at sea, suggest , provide sb. with sth

2. Communicative expressions

A. I insist on taking…

B. I have decided to take live animals.

C. I shall insist that….

D. Have you decided which boat to take?

E. I suggest taking a lot of vinegar.

Procedure:

Step1 : Revision

1. Check the homework exercises

2. T: Today we’re going to learn Lesson 5 ---- Captain Cook. What do you know about Captain Cook? Please turn to page 147 and see note 1.

1) What nationality was he? (English )

2) Where did he travel to ? (Round the world ---travelled to the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, ect.

3) As his title was “ captain” what was his job? ( sailor/ ship’s captain )

4) Which century did he live in? ( 18 th century )

Step 2. Presentation

Look at the picture

T: What do you think he is doing?

Ss: Captain Cook is preparing for his first great expedition to the Pacific. He is talking to a seaman .

T: Yes, he talking to a seaman. He insist on taking some live animals , because the men often fall ill and suffer fever.

Step 3. Reading

Read the dialogue and answer the questions on the Bb.

What are they going to take with them for this long journey?

Foods, love animals , cabbage in vinegar, vinegar.

T: Can you guess the meaning of expedition, store, seaman, particularly ?

T: What do you need to take with you when you go on a very long sea journey?

(food, vegetable, fruit, water, biscates, cakes, drinks……)

Then answer the questions on P.77 Wb

Step 4. Dialogue

I. Listen to the tape and read in pairs

II. Turn the dialogue into a short story

Captain Cook was preparing for his first great expedition to the Pacific. He was talking to a seaman. He told the seaman to take some proper food---- take live animals, such as pigs, chickens, which will provide them with eggs and meat; and also he insisted on taking a lot of cabbage in vinegar, because fresh vegetables usually go bad as soon as they are at sea; and also men often fell

ill and suffered fever, eating such kind of food can keep them healthy . And he also suggested taking a lot of vinegar for cleaning the inside of the ship.

III. Language points:

1. prepare sth.=get sth. ready “把某事准备好” sth在句中作宾语,表示句子的主语直接做此事

prepare for sth=get ready for sth. “为某事做好准备” 在句中作目的状语,表示几子主语是为了这个事情在做事前的准备工作。

The teachers are preparing their lessons.

The students are preparing for the test.

2. live “有生命的” “活的” “现场的”

alive “活着的” “在世的” 是形容词,可作定语或表语, 作定语时,要后置。

living “活的” “活着的”与 dead相对而言,是形容词,可作定语或表语。

lively “生动的” “活泼可爱的”,是形容词,可作定语。

Live animal/ concert

He is ninety, and he is still alive .

Living things

He always makes his classes lively and interesting.

3. insist on doing sth. 坚持认为、 坚决要求

insist that …(should )… 坚决要求,坚决要做某事 ------常用虚拟语气

insist that….. 坚持做了某事 --------------------常用陈述语气

Eg.

他在会上坚持自己的意见。

He insisted on his opinion at the meeting.

我坚决要求回家。

I insist on going home.

他坚决要把我送到医院去。

He insisted on sending me to (the) hospital.

He insisted that I should be sent to hospital.

他坚持认为他已经完成了作业。

He insisted that he had finished his homework.

insist on / stick to

4. fall ill and suffer fever 得病, 发烧

fall asleep 入睡

他得病并且发烧已有一个星期了。

He has fallen ell and suffered fever for a week.

suffer “遭受,经受” 其宾语多为痛苦、疾病、饥饿、损失等

suffer from “因。。。而受苦”

eg: They suffered great losses in the accident.

These plants can’t suffer a cold winter.

Tom was badly hurt and he suffered great pain.

They suffered greatly from overwork.

5. provide sb. with sth 提供。。。/ 为。。。提供

provide sth. for sb.

6. at sea 在茫茫大海上

by sea 乘船, 由海路。。。

on the sea 在海边

at the sea 在海滨

7. suggest doing 建议,提议

suggest that …( should ) …

汤姆对工作提出了一个计划。

Tom suggested a plan for the work.

老师建议复习旧课。

The teacher suggested going over the old lessons.

医生建议我下周再来。

The doctor suggested that I ( should ) come again next week.

IV. Retell the dialogue

Step 5. 2 Practice

Finish the sentence and try to repeat .

Step 6. Wb

Do Ex 2 and 3

When checking answers explain how to use the verbs :insist, suggest, provide, ect.

A. insist on doing / insist that ( should )…

B. suggest doing / suggest that ( should)…

C. provide sb. with sth. / provide sth. for sb.

D. leave for 到。。。去

Homework:1. Do Ex 3 on P. 7

2.Turn the dialogue into a short story

Captain Cook was preparing for his first great expedition to the Pacific. He was talking to a seaman. He told the seaman to take some proper food---- take live animals, such as pigs, chickens, which will provide them with eggs and meat; and also he insisted on taking a lot of cabbage in vinegar, because fresh vegetables usually go bad as soon as they are at sea; and also men often fell ill and suffered fever, eating such kind of food can keep them healthy . And he also suggested taking a lot of vinegar for cleaning the inside of the ship.

Unit 2 Lesson 6 Captain Cook ( I )

Aims and demands:

1. Develop the Ss reading ability and have a good understanding of the text

2. Words and expressions:

take an interest in, break out , take …by surprise, seize, set up home,

be in charge of , plenty of , as well as, set out for, defend

Procedure:

Step 1. Revision

1. Review the dialogue and turn the dialogue into a short story

2. Check the homework

Step 2. Presentation

T: Look at the picture , what can you see in the picture?

Ss: There is a ship at sea.

T: Yes, Captain Cook is sailing at sea. The ship is named “ Endeavour”

Ss: Some people are standing on the shore and welcome the ship in the distance.

T: Who are these people standing on the shore / on the sea?

Ss: Perhaps the people are Indians, they take out a lot of fruits and welcome the people in the ship.

Step 3. Fast reading

Look through the text and answer the questions.

1. In which war did Cook play an important part ?

---- the Seven Years War between Britain and France.

2. Why did Cook go on his journey to the Pacific?

Answers:

1. the Seven Years War between Britain and France

2. … with the purpose of watching a very unusual event that is the planet Venus passing between the earth and the sun. They also hoped to find a new continent which they thought existed in the Indian or Pacific Ocean.

Step 4. Careful reading

1. Do the comprehension exercises ( paper )

Reading comprehension:(Lesson 6) DACAD CADDA

1. In the text the author mainly talks about Captain Cook’s ___.

A. contribution to English navy during the Seven Years War

B. sailing to the east of America

C. expedition to the South Pacific Ocean

D. both A and C

2. The word “particularly” in line 4 means ___.

A. especially B. exactly C. Partially D. practically

3. James Cook owed his education to ___.

A. a stranger B. a teacher

C. a landowner D. his parents

4. Cook joined a ___ at the age of 18.

A. merchant ship B. warship C. fishing ship D. boat

5. What does the word “exist” in paragraph 3 mean in the text?

A. continue to live B. event C. have D. be

6. Paragraph 2 is mainly about ___.

A. the Seven Years War between Britain and France

B. Cook’s joining the navy

C. Cook’s contribution to English navy during the war

D. cook’s fighting in Canada

7. Without cook’s work of marking a path, perhaps English navy would ___.

A. take great risks in their landing

B. not be on time on their landing

C. be attacked by French Army

D. lose their way

8. the purpose of the expedition was to ___.

A. watch a very unusual event

B. find a new continent

C. fight against Australians

D. both A and B

9. A ship used for expedition usually should be __.

A. fast and strong B. fast and small

C. fast and spacious D strong and spacious

10. The fifth paragraph shows us that Captain cook __.

A. cared for his sailors

B. knew something about food

C. knew something about food

D. knew something about sailing

3. T or F statements on Wb P. 78

Step 5. Language points

1. take ( an ) interest in 对。。。感兴趣

have ( an ) interest in

show ( an ) interest in

become interested in

他小时候就对数学感兴趣。

When he was a young boy, he took an interest in mathematics.

如果你对英语产生兴趣,你就会很快学会。

If you take an interest in English, you’ll learn English fast.

他非常喜爱足球明星。

He takes a great interest in football stars.

2. be good at: do well in

3. particularly: especially

4. break out 多指战争、火山、火灾、地震等的突然爆发,表示出人意料

happen 指普通事件的发生

take place 多指有计划、有目的的发生

eg. A fire broke out in the town last night.

A bad accident happened yesterday.

Great changes have taken place in my hometown in the past ten years.

break away from 脱离

break down 毁掉,打破

break forth 突然发出(欢呼、愤怒)

break in 破门而入,打断

break into 破门而入(锁着的房子)

break into pieces (使)成为碎片

break through 突破

5. was defending: was fighting to protect 保护

6. take sb. by surprise=attack sb. unprepared 对。。。突然袭击

他走进房间使我大吃一惊。

He came into the room and took me by surprise.

He came into the room , which took me by surprise.

老师突然出现在门口,这使学生感到出乎意料。

The teacher took the students by surprise when he suddenly appeared at the door.

The suddenly appearance of me took you by surprise.

日军飞机在一个星期天早上对该岛进行了突然袭击。

The Japanese planes took the island by surprise on a Sunday morning.

7. defeat

击败+人(集体)

beat

win game , war , prize , battle

“赢/赢得”+

gain knowledge , experience, respect , admiration etc

fail vi “失败” He failed in the exam.

8. set up home: bought a house and move into it with his wife

He talked about setting up home and getting a job.

9. be in charge of 负责,掌管

be in the charge of 在。。。的掌管之下

T: Who is in charge of your class?

Ss: Mr. … / Miss …

T: Who is in charge of out school?

T: So we are in the charge of Mr. …

10. seamanship 航海技术( warship ---- 战舰,ship 是名词 )

ship 是一个名词后缀,表示性质,职业,身份,技能等。

citizen 公民 citizenship 公民身份

friend 朋友 friendship 友谊

professor 教授 professorship 教授职位

leader 领导 leadership 领导(职位)

sportsman 运动员 sportsmanship 体育道德

marksman 射击手 marksmanship 射击术

11. in length=long

in height=high

in width=wide

12. plenty of space=plenty of room

a lot of

much

13. set out for a place 出发/动身去某地

set off for a place -----有得更多

Let’s set out before 7:00 in the morning in order to avoid traffic jam.

那天早上,有一艘新轮船首航去伦敦。

That morning , a new ship set out ( off ) for London on its first trip.

他们大清早就出发了, 希望在天黑之前到达。

They set out / off early for the forest to look for the lost milu deer.

set out to do 开始,着手做。。。

set about doing

Step 6. Reference

Do the first two items orally with the whole class. Ten let the Ss do the exercise in pairs and check the answers

Step 7. Note making

Homework: 1. Finish Wb

2. What have you learned about Captain Cook so far during this unit?

( turn the text into a dialogue)

Model:

A: Do you know anything about Captain Cook?

B: As his title was “ Captain” , he must be a sailor or a ship’s captain.

A: Yes, that’s tight. He is a skilled English sailor.

B: What do you mean by saying “ he is a skilled sailor” ?

A: He helped the British army to seize Quebec during the Seven Years War between Britain and France.

B: What did he do?

A: He went up and down the St. Lawrence River in order to chart all the dangerous rocks. Finally he was able to mark a path for the warships to follow. He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could land safely and take the enemy by surprise. After a short battle, the French were defeated and the city of Quebec was seized.

…….

Unit 2 Lesson 7 Captain Cook ( II )

Aims and demands:

1. Develop the Ss’ reading ability and have a good understanding of the text

2. words and expressions: pass by, raise, be worth doing, in search of, celebrate, thinking

Procedure:

Step 1. Revision

1. Check the homework

2. Ask questions round the class about the previous text

1) Is Quebec in the USA or in Canada?

2) Was the Seven Years War between Britain and the USA or between Britain and France?

3) Which planet was going to pass between the earth and the sun?

4) Why did Captain Cook took lots of cabbage in vinegar on his expedition ?

5) Why did he take lots of vinegar as well?

6) Why do we say the ship “ Endeavour” was the suitable ship for an expedition?

(strongly built , spacious---- plenty of space below for storing things.)

Step 2. Preparation for reading

T: Look at the picture? What can you see in the picture?

Ss: There are some continents….

T: Yes, the continents and the route that Captain Cook had ever traveled.

Step 3. Fast reading

Read the passage and the map then answer the questions:

1. Which islands are mentioned in the text?

2. Did Cook sail round the world from east to west or from west to east?

3. Why did they think Australia to be an astonishing land?

1. Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, Tasmania, Java, England.

2. From east to west.

3. Because the soil was red, bears climbed trees, birds ran but didn’t fly……

Step 4. Careful reading

Read the passage carefully and do the comprehension exercises ( paper )

Reading comprehension ( Lesson 7) DCDDC

1. Captain Cook’s expedition at last succeeded in achieving its purpose of ____.

A. finding a new land

B. watching an unusual event

C. charting the coasts of the new land

D. both A and B

2. Cook charted the ___ coast of Australia.

A. west B . north C. east D. south

3. Captain Cook and his sailors found __.

A. New Zealand B. Australia

C. Tasmania D. Botany Bay

4. What is not popular in Australia ?

A. Red soil B. Climbing tree bears

C. Kangaroo D. Panda

5. Paragraph 3 shows us ___.

A. the danger of sailing

B. Captain Cook’s courage

C. Captain cook’s cleverness

D. Captain cook’s determination

Step 5. Deal with any language points

1. set sail 扬帆起航

在英语中,常把原本是动词的词作名词,而用另外一个动词与之搭配,组成短语。

pay a visit

have a look

have a rest

船启航去非洲。

The ship set sail for Africa.

一清早,他们启航

Early in the morning, they set sail southward.

1. head vi

head for /toward

head east / eastward

The ship is heading for Tianjin.

At that time they were heading north.

2. in search of

Madame Curie worked day and night in search of the unknown matter---- radium.

He went to many places in search of a doctor who could cure his disease.

in search of prep.

search for vt.

search sb. vt.

Eg. They are in search of a boy.

They are searching for a boy.

The policeman is searching the boy.

3. chart

map

chart the coasts of….=make maps of the coast

4. find sb. ( to be ) ….

They find English to be a difficult subject .

The children found the story to be a very interesting one.

We found him to be the right man to do the job.

5. jump about

The little boy ran about looking for his mother.

6. strike 撞击; 时钟敲响

hit 相碰撞; 打中,对准。。。来打(有意)

beat 连续性的敲打;有节奏的跳动

eg. My heart beat fast when I saw the thief.

The clock struck 8, and the lights went out.

The light ball and the heavy ball hit the ground at the same time.

8. raise vt.=lift up

rise vi=go up

I find it difficult to raise the box.

The dun rises in the east and sets in the west.

7. celebrate

T: When did HongKong return to China?

S: On July 1 st , 1997.

T: July 1st ,1997 was the day when Hongkong returned to China.

T: What did the Chinese people do on that day?

Ss: On that day the whole country celebrated the return of Hongkong to China.

T: The day when Hongkong returned to China is worth celebrating .

Step 6. Language study

Bb: He remembered putting the key in the box under his bed.

T: Which did he do first? Putting

Did he first remember or did he first put the key in the box?

Ss: He put the key in the box.

T: Yes ,he put the key in the box first, later he remembered that he had coe this. So later he remembered putting the key in the box.

Bb: He remembered to put the key in the box.

First he remembered , then he put the key in the box.

Remember doing / to do

Suggest doing / suggest that

Stop doing / to do

Try doing / to do

Step 5. Practice 3,4,5

Homework: Finish the Wb.

Unit 2 Lesson 7~8

Aims and demands:

1. Review the usage of –ing form.

2. Finish the exercises.

Procedure:

Step 1: Finish the language of Lesson 7

Then do Ex. 1.2 for Lesson 8 ----- Page 80

Step 2: Review the usage of –ing form.

1. subject

eg. Reading aloud is important in learning English .

It is no use regretting your past.

2. object

eg. He enjoys reading in his spare time.

admit , advise , allow , appreciate(感激,欣赏) , avoid (避免), hate ( dislike ) , keep , enjoy , complete , finish , mind , practise , consider(考虑) , risk(冒险) , suggest , delay(延期), imagine(想象) , miss(错过) , escape(逃避) , prevent … ( from ) doing , prefer…doing to doing , put off , give up , insist on , stick to , be worth , pay attention to …, devote … to , object to, get down to…

3. predicative

eg. My job is teaching you English . (表示主语是干什么的)

The story is interesting . (表示主语的性质)

4. attribute

eg. the exciting news (表示名词的性质)

the swimming pool (表示名词的用途)

Step 3. Practise

1. Page 11

2. Lesson 8 Practice 2

Step 4. Check the paper exercises.

( In the afternoon)

Step 5. Test ( T’s book Page 24)

Use the suitable verbs in the correct form to complete these sentences.

Imagine , admit , celebrate , consider , delay , dislike , enjoy , escape , finish , forgive (原谅)

1. I admitted stealing the necklace the day before and said he was sorry.

2. I dislike flying , so I usually take the train instead.

3. We have so little money that I think we should delay paying these bills.

4. We hid in the woods and so escaped having to join the navy.

5. The whole school celebrated our winning the basketball competition.

6. I can’t imagine having to work in a factory to earn money.

7. I enjoy reading books more than watching TV.

8. I consider going to the cinema a waste of time.

9. Have you finished reading that book? If so, can I borrow it?

10. I’ll forgive you for being late, but don’t do it again.

Step 6. Check the paper exercises

Homework: Work book

Unit 2 Lesson8

Aims and demands:

1. Develop the Ss’ listening and writing ability

2. Finish the exercises

Procedure:

Step 1. Listening

Step 2. Practice

Step 3. Writing

1. Read out the instruction to the class.

2. Read aloud a few sentences of a sample version so that Ss see how to combine the ideas.

Sample:

I have just arrived in China. The markets are very busy and the streets are full of people . Travelling around the town id very easy. I have borrowed a bicycle from a friend. Luckily I love cycling.

3. Put the students in group of four. Let them speak in Chinese about the things which they will include in their letter. In this way they will end up with lots of ideas.

4. Write three or four sentences in class.

5. Then write a letter in your exercise-books.

Step 4. Workbook

Homework: write a letter home describing what you see.

Dictation for Unit 2

1. store 2. sickness 3. live 4. defend 5. raise 6. defeat 7. seize 8. skilled

8. astonishing 10. celebrate

11. set out for 12. be worth doing 13. in search of 14. at sea 15. in charge of

16. take …by surprise 17. set sail 18. pass by 19. head for 20. join sb. in sth

Revision for Unit 2

I. Correct the mistakes:

1. He mustn’t have arrived in Shanghai yesterday.

2. It is the first time that we spoken together.

3. Yesterday we called on the Mikes’.

4. They have fallen in love with each other for two years.

5. Having not received any news from home for so long, she got more and more worried.

6. He sat down and writing a letter to his family.

7. Sydney, who took place of his friend, had his head cut off.

8. Those that have handed in their exercises may go home now.

9. It was hot , we went swimming in the river.

Answers:

1. mustn’t--- can’t 2. have spoken 3. on ---at 4. fallen ---- been 5. Having not --- Not having 7. writing ---- wrote 8. place 前加the 9.that ---- who 10. was --- being , / so we …

Extra exercises (Unit 2) B A C D A B (易混淆重点词语练与析)

1. John plays football ____ , if not better than, David.

A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as (NMET 94)

2. She doesn’t speak ____ her friend, but her written work is excellent.

A. as well as B. so often as C. so much as D. as good as ( NMET 93)

3. Mr White will be ____ the whole company next month when the manager is away.

A. in the charge of B. in charge C. in charge of D. take charge of

4. The ship was hit by a hurricane and its crew were lost ____.

A. at the sea B. by sea C. on the sea D. at sea

5. We saw a/an ____ elephant in Xi’an Zoo yesterday.

A. live B. alive C. living D. lively

6. I have got to ____ now. Mr Wang is waiting to use the phone.

A. look up B. hang up C. give up D. put up

Correct the mistakes: (3A Unit 2)

When Captain Cook sail west to 1.____

Australia, other sailor had already charted 2.____

parts of the west and north coasts of 3.____

Australia and the island which called 4. ____

Tasmania in the south, but Cook was the first

to map the east coast where he named 5.____

Botany Bay because the beautiful plants 6.____

that they found there. Later Captain Cook and

his man discovered that Australia was 7.____

an astonished land where the soil was 8.____

red, bears climbing trees, birds ran 9.____

and didn’t fly. 10.____

1. sailed 2.sailors 3. true 4. was called 5. that 6. because of 7. men 8. astonishing

9. climbed 10. and--but

网络环境下的教学设计

姓名_ljbhn_日期___2004.04____ 课题_Healthy Eating_健康饮食

一、学习目标与任务

1、学习目标描述

(1)认知目标:掌握有关健康饮食的英语表达以及相关营养知识,如:junk food, plenty of, keep up with, make a choice, energy, fuel, fibre,function, keep fit等。

(2)能力目标:培养学生听、说、读、写,以及通过网络进行交际、交往、实践、合作的能力。还鼓励培养研究和创造精神。

(3)情感目标:让学生明白健康的饮食习惯的养成是拥有健康体魄的前提,提高学生养成健康饮食习惯的意识。

2、学习内容与学习任务说明

Healthy Eating健康饮食是高一英语13单元的内容。通过网络学习,学生将了解到比课本更加全面深入的关于健康饮食方面的内容。学生可以根据自己的能力水平、兴趣爱好来选择任务的数量与种类。根据内容共提出了四项综合研究性任务,从而培养学生的综合素质,检测他们通过网络获取知识的能力以及分析问题、解决问题、合作完成任务的能力。Quiz 和Game 的游戏分别是学前学后的一个游戏型的检测,让学生有个学习的前后对照,反馈学习成果,同时也寓教于乐,激发学生的学习兴趣。整个网络课的设计加大了学习内容的深度与广度,词汇量和信息量都大大增强,适合不同层次,有不同喜好的学生。

二、学习者特征分析

(说明学生的学习特点、学习习惯、学习交往等)

在平时的生活中健康饮食这个话题就一直受到关注,学生从生物课,自然科学课上已经学过许多这方面的内容,知识内容方面有一定的基础。但是由于健康饮食方面的词汇量较大,学生会有一定的困难,特意设计了一个词汇栏目。

学生已经掌握了电脑打字操作,简单编辑文字和图片,发送电子邮件以及网上浏览的方法。

总体来说,学生学习英语的兴趣很浓,学习的积极性和主动性也很高,能够运用网络进行自主的学习和小组的协作学习,能够踊跃的参与到课堂的每个教学活动中。

三、学习环境选择与学习资源设计

1、学习环境选择(打 √)

(1)Web教室√ (2)局域网 (3)城域网

(4)校园网√ (5)internet√ (6)其它

2、学习资源类型(打√)

(1)课件(网络课件)√ (2)工具√ (3)专题学习网站√

(4)多媒体资源库 (5)案例库 (6)题库

(7)网络课程 (8)其它√

3、学习资源内容简要说明

(说明名称、网址、主要内容等)

搜索引擎:

Talk4teens:

British Heart Foundation :

youngpeople/index_home.asp?SecID=59

British Nutrition Foundation :

等等。

四、学习情境创设

1、学习情境类型(打√)

(1)真实情境√ (2)问题性情境 √

(3)虚拟情境√ (4)其它

2、学习情境设计

真实情境:让学生调查学校的食堂的饮食安排情况,根据所学知识分析其是否科学、健康。写出调查报告或者书信。

虚拟情境:给出很多种饮食搭配情况,分析并研究科学性。

问题性情境:用提问的方式引出思考:传统的饮食习惯的改变,及基于事物营养和饮食信仰的日常饮食选择到营养补充胶囊和减肥食谱的必要与否?

五、学习活动组织

1、自主学习设计(打√并填写相关内容)

类型 相应内容 使用资源 学生活动 教师活动

抛锚式√ 如何选择饮食做到健康的营养补充

网络课件

&

整个英特网

&

其他资料获得方式 利用所学的知识进行调查、分析、总结、整合信息。完成调查、分析学校午餐调配情况等学习任务。 引导学生进行学习,并提供适当帮助和指导,对学生学习中碰到的问题做个别辅导,对语言难点可考虑进行集体讲解。

支架式

单词学习

网络课件

&

整个英特网 学生自主地利用网络课件的词汇网页进行单词的学习与巩固

示范指导,

答疑解难

随机

进入式

√ 课文内容的学习和其他相关内容的学习

网络课件 学习利用网络课件中提供的游戏、动画、文字等对课文及相关内容进行有目的的自主的学习

示范指导,

答疑解难

其它

研究性学习任务

网络课件

&

整个英特网 学生综合所学知识,运用调查、访问、资料查询等多种科学方法完成研究性学习的几项任务(可选的)。

指导、

监控、

交流、

点评

2、协作学习设计(打√并填写相关内容)

类型 相应内容 使用资源 学生活动 教师活动

竞争

√ Are you a healthy eater?

网络课件 通过不同的答案选择,可以取得不同的分数。看谁可以得最高分

给予必要的提示

伙伴

√ 谈论彼此的饮食习惯,讨论减肥的必要性

网络课件

&

整个英特网

邻近的两位学生交流对话

指导、

检查

协同

健康饮食搭配

网络课件

&整个英特网&其他资料获得方式 分组进行问卷调查、数据分析、整合报告等。 指导、

交流、

点评

辩论

√ 减肥的必要性 网络课件&

整个英特网 全班同学一起分正反方进行辩论 指导、

点评

角色扮演

3、教学结构流程设计

六、学习评价设计

1、测试形式与工具(打√)

(1)堂上提问√ (2)书面练习√ (3)达标测试

(4)学生自主网上测试√ (5)合作完成作品√ (6)其它√

2、测试内容

(1)根据所了解的知识选择饮食搭配。

(2)根据调查结果写相关文章。

(3)分析学校午餐配餐情况,做出综合报告,提出合理建议。

(4)相关测试游戏。

姓名ljbhn 日期 2004.4. 课题 Festivals

一、学习目标与任务

1、学习目标描述

Talk about festivals and customs

Practise expressing and supporting an opinion

Use the modal verbs must, have to, have got to

Write an invitation for a festival

2、学习内容与学习任务说明

1. Warming up

Compare festivals in China with those in western countries.find out the similarities and differences and fill in a chart.

2. Listening

Let the students get to know three festivals in western countries. Help them to know more about different customs and cultures in different countries.

3. Speaking

Describe their favourite festivals , using some useful expressions that are given in this part.

二、学习者特征分析

(说明学生的学习特点、学习习惯、学习交往等)

c300学生英语基础普遍较好 学习积极性高 自学能力较强 课堂上肯动脑 但在进行口语训练时由于部分同学表达能力有限 致使学习合作时表现出较大的偏差.有些同学可以很流利的阐述观点 而令一些同学却反应比较缓慢.总的来说 这节课的内容对该班的大多数同学来讲 都没有很大的难度

三、学习环境选择与学习资源设计

1、学习环境选择(打 √)

(1)Web教室 (2)局域网 (3)城域网

(4)校园网 (5)internet (6)其它

2、学习资源类型(打√)

(1)课件(网络课件) (2)工具 (3)专题学习网站

(4)多媒体资源库 (5)案例库 (6)题库

(7)网络课程 (8)其它

3、学习资源内容简要说明

(说明名称、网址、主要内容等)

中学学科资源网 课件园

通过课件查找和整合获得本节课所需内容 制作成适合本节课的课件

四、学习情境创设

1、学习情境类型(打√)

(1)真实情境 (2)问题性情境

(3)虚拟情境 (4)其它

2、学习情境设计

Quesions

Are you familiar with Chinese festivals? Can you give some examples?

What do you think of while talking about a festival?

Are you familiar with western festivals? Can you give some examples?

(Look at the three pictures on page 8)

Can you guess what are the festivals that show in the pictures?

How do you know?

五、学习活动组织

1、自主学习设计(打√并填写相关内容)

类型 相应内容 使用资源 学生活动 教师活动

抛锚式

支架式

随机

进入式 Compare similarities and differences between Chinese festivals and festivals in other countries.

Pictures

Tape

Computer

Internet

Talk about sth that they are familiar with talk about sth they are not familiar with think about it find more information about it Ask questions

Give them a clue

Help them Focus on what they will learn

其它

2、协作学习设计(打√并填写相关内容)

类型 相应内容 使用资源 学生活动 教师活动

竞争

伙伴 Pair work Book

Internet Compare a Chinese festival with one from another country. Check and give advice

协同

辩论

角色扮演

3、教学结构流程设计

Step 1 Lead in

1. Quesions

Are you familiar with Chinese festivals? Can you give some examples?

What do you think of while talking about a festival?

Are you familiar with western festivals? Can you give some examples?

(Look at the three pictures on page 8)

Can you guess what are the festivals that show in the pictures?

How do you know?

Step 2 Warming up

1. Picture talking

Ask the students to guess what are the festivals according to the pictures.

Answers: 1 Halloween U.S and Europe trick or treating

2 Obon Japan floating paper/lanterns

3 Day of the Dead Mexico lighting candles for the prayers to the dead

2. Pair work

What festivals do we celebrate? Chinese festivals or western festivals or both?

Compare a Chinese festival with one from another country.

Discuss it and fill in the chart.

Step 3 Listening

1. Pre-listening

show the three pictures and ask the students to discuss.

2. Listening

listen to the three passages and choose the right answers.

3. Post-listening

work together to describe one of their favourite festivals.

Step 4 Speaking

1. Reading

ask the students to read about the four festivals and the example.

2. Discussing

discuss in a group of four and choose one of their favorite and explain why.

Pay attention to the useful expressions

In my opinion, we should…… I believe we should……

I don’t think it is necessary to…… We must decide……

I hope we can make a decision. If we do this, we can……

3. Thinking

What is a creative festival? If they can create a festival, what kind of festival will they create?

Step 4 Assignment

Workbook on page 77 & 78, listening and talking

六、学习评价设计

1、测试形式与工具(打√)

(1)堂上提问 (2)书面练习 (3)达标测试

(4)学生自主网上测试 (5)合作完成作品 (6)其它

2、测试内容

1.fill in the chart in their books.

2.listen to the three passages and choose the right answers.

3.discuss in a group of four and choose one of their favorite and explain why.

4.Workbook on page 77 & 78, listening and talking

No.5 High School 陈 燕

教材分析:

Warming up部分展现在学生面前一幅祖国地图,图中标明邻国、邻海、邻岛,要求学生运用英语中方位的表达方式来谈论不同位置。

Speaking部分旨在通过有关出生地的方位的对话来巩固“Expressing location and direction”的语言功能。训练学生在真实的情景中饶有兴趣地进行口头表达的能力

教学重点和难点:

重点: 掌握英语中方位的表达方式,

难点: 学生如何在现实生活中就地点和方位进行准确的全方位的表述。

教学目标:

根据《新课程标准》(实验稿)关于总目标的具体描述,结合高一学生实际和教材内容,分语言知识、语言技能、学习策略、情感态度、文化意识五个方面制定相应教学目标。

1. 语言知识

学习掌握一些用于描述地点和方位的结构句式,如:

1) He is from Weihai, a city in northeast Shandong.

2) Weihai lies about 88 kilometers east of Yantai.

3) She is from Shentong, a small village, 30 kilometers south of Jinan.

2. 语言技能

说:学生能熟练掌握与话题相关的常用词汇与表达,如:如何在现实生活中就地点和方位进行准确的全方位的表述。

3. 学习策略:

学生能在一定程度上形成自主学习、有效交际、信息处理和英语思维的能力。如:培养学生使用图书馆、网络查阅资料的能力。

4. 情感态度:

在有趣的话题激励下,诱导学生积极参与,充分调动他们学习的兴趣。

5. 文化意识:

增强对中新两国地域及文化差异的敏感性,培养世界意识;通过文化地域对比,加深对祖国相关知识的理解,增强对祖国的热爱之情。

教材安排:

根据学生学习英语的特点和规律,学习阶段的侧重以及高一学生的发展,我把本单元划分为6课时:听力、口语、阅读(2课时)、语言(0.5课时)、写作、评价(0.5课时)。同时安排一些单元教学前和单元教学后的活动任务。

TEACHING PLAN

The First Period Warming up & Speaking

Teaching Aims:

1.Learn to describe location and direction.

2.Improve the students’speaking ability by talking.

Teaching Important Point:

Master the expressions describing location and direction.

Teaching Difficult Point:

How to finish the task of speaking

Teaching Method:

Individual, pair or group work to make every student work in class.

Teaching Aids:

Tape recorder; tape; multi-media such as computer,projector and so on. .

Teaching Procedure:

Step 1 Ss’Homework

Their yesterday’s homework is to fill in a card about the information of China.

Background to China:

Full country name ______________________

Area _______________________________

Population ___________________________

Capital city _________________________

Languages __________________________

Minorities ___________________________

Location ____________________________

Step 2 Language points

1)A位于B的领域范围内,即A位于B的东部地区。

A lies/is in the east of B.

in

2). A在B以东,即A不在B的领域范围内。

A lies/is to the east of B.

to

3). A位于B之东,并且领土接壤时。

A lies/is on the east of B. on

E g:

Tianjin is in the east of China.

Mexico is to the south of Canada.

Canada lies on the north of the United States.

Step3 Warming up

Ss are demanded to look at the map of China and the names of countries, islands and seas in relation to China. Say what the positions are of the different places and waters.(Groups work )

Ss are divided into 2 groups:

Topic 1----countries in relation to China

Topic 2----seas and islands in relation to China

Step 4 Speaking

(1)Fill in the form according to the dialogue.

Family members Birthplaces Location

Great-grandfather

Great-grandmother

(2) East/west/north/south can be used as an adverb.

E.g:

Weihai lies about 90km east of Yantai.

1. She's from Shentong,a small village,30km south of Jinan.

2. North of the city is a railway.

3. Her house faces west.

4. (3).Go through with the following expressions and make up a new dialogue to talk about the birthplaces of students’ grandparents, parents or themselves.

Step 5 homework

(1) Pratise talking about location and direction after class.

(2) Present some pictures of New Zealand and get the Ss to Look and guess. Ask the students to preview the reading material in the next period.

The Design of the writing on the Blackboard

Unit 18 New Zealand

The First Period

A lies/is in the east/ … of B.

A lies/is to the east/ … of B.

A lies/is on the east/ … of B.

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